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Panorama of the pharmaceutical patenting and sanitary registration of ARVs drugs in Brazil: implications to access and to health industrial complex Pedro.

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Presentation on theme: "Panorama of the pharmaceutical patenting and sanitary registration of ARVs drugs in Brazil: implications to access and to health industrial complex Pedro."— Presentation transcript:

1 Panorama of the pharmaceutical patenting and sanitary registration of ARVs drugs in Brazil: implications to access and to health industrial complex Pedro Villardi Session: The Future of Affordable ART: Trends in Patents and Price WDC - July 2012

2 Brazilian Interdisciplinary AIDS Association - ABIA Created in 1986 – 25-year old NGO Objectives –Mobilize civil society –Monitor public policies in HIV and Health, education, prevention, sexuality and human rights

3 Working Group on Intellectual Property - GTPI Created in 2003 Collective made of NGOs, unions, researchers and social movements. ABIA is its secretariat. Mission: monitor and mitigate the impacts of the IP system on public health policies and on access to medicines in Brazil and others developing countries

4 Support

5 Agenda Introduction –Justification –Objective Methodology –Patents search –Sanitary registration search Results Discussion Policy Recommendations

6 Agenda Introduction –Justification –Objective Methodology –Patents search –Sanitary registration search Results Discussion Policy Recommendations

7 Justification No public database with compilation ARVs registered in Brazil. Difficulty in finding patents and patents application from the INN Several patents covering one medicine

8 Objectives To develop a search methodology for patents and patents applications in Brazil –To build a panorama of the ARVs patents status To find the sanitary registration status of the selected ARVs –Also build a panorama of the sanitary registration To analyze whether the patent applications impede the entrance of generic competitors To develop policy recommendations from the data found

9 Agenda Introduction –Justification –Objective Methodology –Patents search –Sanitary registration search Results Discussion Policy Recommendations

10 Methodology Building the ARVs list –Interview with specialists Juan Carlos Raxach Eloan Pinheiro –Brazilian National Therapeutic Guidelines –OMS treatment guidelines

11 Methodology I – Patent Search Search was strictly conducted in public databases Search methodology was designed to applied in Brazil –Can be adapted to other countries without Linkage

12 Methodology I – Patent Search (2) Starting at the Orange Book website –Search by INN –Collect all the American patents granted for each ARV –Limitations Process patents not listed Only granted patents listed Two ways developed to search the Brazilian patents 1.By the American patent number 2.By the Priority number

13 By the American patent number 1.Find in trough the “Number search”, the INPADOC patent family and 2.Look for the Brazilian application 3.Go to the Brazilian patent office (INPI) website and find the number, through simple search

14 By the priority number 1.To find the original patent document in USPTO 2.To survey the priority numbers of the American patents (Foreing Application Data ou Appl. No.) 3.To search on the INPI “Advanced Search”

15 Patent Search Summary Orange Book American Patent BRXXXXXXX PIXXXXXXX-X Priority Number INPI website – Advanced Search INPADOC Family INPI search

16 Other sources I-mak report –Combinations Patent pool database –To check the results found

17 Methodology – Sanitary Registration Search ANVISA search database –Only granted and not granted applications published

18 Agenda Introduction –Justification –Objective Methodology –Patents search –Sanitary registration search Results Discussion Policy Recommendations

19 Results 98 patents for 30 drugs –8 combinations with 21 patents or patent applications –22 drugs with 77 patents or patent applications Distribution by status

20 Results – Each medicine patentary status

21 Results – Protection expansion

22 Results II – sanitary registration 11 drugs with more than one sanitary registration –ABC, ddI, EFV, d4T, IDV, 3TC, NPV, RTV, SQV, TDF, AZT+3TC 11 drugs with only one sanitary registration –ATV, DRV, T20, Etravirine, FPV, MVC, Raltegravir, Tipranavir, ABC+3TC, ABC+AZT+3TC, Lop/r –No generic competition! 8 Drugs without sanitary registration –EVG, FTC, Rilpivirine, FTC+3TC, FTC+TDF, EFV+FTC+TDF, DRV+RTV+TDF

23 Policy Recommendations 1.Integration of development policies of national pharmaceutical-chemical industry: widespread use of the Bolar Exception and high standards of examination of the patent applications 2.Strengthen Pre and post grant opposition

24 Policy Recommendations (2) 3.Problems regarding INPI website a. expiry of session b. no digitalization of patents and patent applications c. Claims of granted patents are no published 4.Possibility to overcome the opacity of the patent system in Brazil

25 THANK YOU!


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