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Communication Strategies in Traditional and Open Chemistry Beth Ritter-Guth TTU English 5386 Fall 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Communication Strategies in Traditional and Open Chemistry Beth Ritter-Guth TTU English 5386 Fall 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Communication Strategies in Traditional and Open Chemistry Beth Ritter-Guth TTU English 5386 Fall 2006

2 Agenda Introduction Introduction Thesis Thesis What is Traditional Chemistry? What is Traditional Chemistry? What is Open Chemistry? What is Open Chemistry? Instrumental and Communicative Rationality Instrumental and Communicative Rationality Conclusions Conclusions The Irony The Irony Recommendations Recommendations References References

3 Introduction Open Source Science/Open Notebook Science Open Source Science/Open Notebook Science Partnership between Drexel and LCCC Partnership between Drexel and LCCC Dr. Jean-Claude Bradley Dr. Jean-Claude Bradley UsefulChem Writing Partners UsefulChem Writing Partners NSF/NIH Grant NSF/NIH Grant Identified Communication Needs Identified Communication Needs

4 Thesis Traditional Chemists rely on Instrumental Rationality and Open Chemists utilize Communicative Rationality; as a result of the conflicting communication styles, the revolutionary work of Open Chemists is lost in a system designed and promoted by IR communicators. Traditional Chemists rely on Instrumental Rationality and Open Chemists utilize Communicative Rationality; as a result of the conflicting communication styles, the revolutionary work of Open Chemists is lost in a system designed and promoted by IR communicators.

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11 Topics Closed/Traditional Chemistry Closed/Traditional Chemistry Communication Strategy = IR Communication Strategy = IR Advantages Advantages Disadvantages Disadvantages Open Chemistry Open Chemistry Communication Strategy = CR Communication Strategy = CR Advantages Advantages Disadvantages Disadvantages

12 Traditional Chemistry Lab notebooks are Private Lab notebooks are Private In-Process Data is Private In-Process Data is Private Results Published in Peer Review Journals Results Published in Peer Review Journals Data is Sometimes Published in whole or Part (Depends on Funding Body) Data is Sometimes Published in whole or Part (Depends on Funding Body) Success determined by Citations Success determined by Citations Power Maintained by Senior Chemists, PIs, and Professors Power Maintained by Senior Chemists, PIs, and Professors Data “Owned” by Lab/Company/Institution Data “Owned” by Lab/Company/Institution

13 Open Chemistry A Commitment to “Sharing” In-Process Data A Commitment to “Sharing” In-Process Data Collaboration through Wikis and Blogs Collaboration through Wikis and Blogs Cheminformatics Cheminformatics Formal and Informal Publishing Formal and Informal Publishing Patenting/Copyright Issues Patenting/Copyright Issues US and International Patent Law US and International Patent Law Creative Commons License Creative Commons License

14 Important People Jean-Claude Bradley Jean-Claude Bradley Peter Murray-Rust Peter Murray-Rust Henry Rzepa Henry Rzepa Egon Willighagen Egon Willighagen Rich Apodaca Rich Apodaca Ginger Taylor Ginger Taylor Peter Suber Peter Suber Heather Morrison Heather Morrison

15 Instrumental Rationality Jurgen Habermas Jurgen Habermas Power Elite Power Elite “System” “System” Top-Down Communication Top-Down Communication Communication used to Enforce “Laws” Communication used to Enforce “Laws”

16 Communicative Rationality Jurgen Habermas Jurgen Habermas Power through Consensus Power through Consensus “Lifeworld” “Lifeworld” Equal Voice Equal Voice Communication used to Establish Consensus Communication used to Establish Consensus

17 Conclusions Traditional Chemists Traditional Chemists Currently Hold Power in Industry Currently Hold Power in Industry Currently Establish Legitimization Principles Currently Establish Legitimization Principles Funding Agencies Rely on IR Funding Agencies Rely on IR Open Chemists Open Chemists Operate in Margin Operate in Margin Communicate via Consensus Communicate via Consensus Need Core Definition to Receive Funds Need Core Definition to Receive Funds

18 The Irony Open Chemists, as CR Communicators, Resist Confining Defining Terms Open Chemists, as CR Communicators, Resist Confining Defining Terms Open Chemists Need Core Definition to Receive Funds in a World Operating on IR Open Chemists Need Core Definition to Receive Funds in a World Operating on IR

19 Final Recommendations Open Chemists Need to Establish Legitimacy to Receive Funding Open Chemists Need to Establish Legitimacy to Receive Funding Traditional Chemists Need to Value the Work of Open Chemists Traditional Chemists Need to Value the Work of Open Chemists Both Communication Styles Must, as Habermas Suggests, co-exist and Bridge the Communication Gaps Both Communication Styles Must, as Habermas Suggests, co-exist and Bridge the Communication Gaps

20 References Please see works cited and works consulted at Please see works cited and works consulted at


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