Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Meat © PDST Home Economics. Meat Meat is the flesh or muscular tissue of animals and birds.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Meat © PDST Home Economics. Meat Meat is the flesh or muscular tissue of animals and birds."— Presentation transcript:

1 Meat © PDST Home Economics

2 Meat Meat is the flesh or muscular tissue of animals and birds

3 Classification Meat is classified into 4 groups 1. Carcass Meat 2. Poultry 3. Game 4. Offal

4 Carcass Meat Examples:- Beef and veal (Cattle) Pork bacon and ham (Pig) Lamb and mutton (Sheep)

5 Poultry Examples:- Chicken Turkey Duck Goose

6 Game Wild animals or birds Examples:- Pheasant Deer (venison) Rabbit Hare

7 Offal Edible internal organs. Examples:- Heart Liver Kidney Tongue

8 Structure of Meat Meat is composed of bundles of tiny fibres which contain water, proteins, minerals and extractives Walls - connective tissue Fibres are held together by collagen Fat cells are distributed through fibres (marbling) Poultry has the same structure as meat however there is less connective tissue in poultry making it more tender

9 Structure of Meat


11 Nutritive Value Meat Vs Poultry

12 Protein:- Meat contains between 20-30% protein whereas poultry contains between 20-25% protein Fat:- Meat contains between 10-30% fat depending on the type, poultry however is significantly lower ranging from 4-10% depending on the type. Most of chicken fat is surface fat Carbohydrate:- Neither meat or poultry contain carbohydrates this means they need to be served with a food rich in carbohydrates Can you think of an example of a food rich in carbohydrate?

13 Nutritive Value Meat Vs Poultry Vitamins:- Both contain B group vitamins such as niacin What is the function of niacin??? Minerals:- Meat contains more iron in comparison to chicken, both have trace amounts of Zinc, Phosphorous, and potassium What are the functions of these??? Water:- Both very similar 50-70%

14 Tough or Tender Whether meat is tough or tender depends on:- Age of the animal – Older = Tougher Activity of the animal and body part More active = Tougher Treatment before slaughter – rest + correct hanging time + injection of enzymes = Tender

15 Tenderising Meat Proteolytic (protein splitting) enzmyes can be injected into the animal before slaughter

16 Tenderising Meat Mechanical method may also be used such as:- Mincing Piercing Pounding

17 Tenderising Meat Meat tenderisers which Contain Proteolytic enzymes may be sprinkled onto the meat before cooking E.g. papain

18 Tenderising Meat Meat can be marinated i.e. put into a mixture of oil, wine, lemon juice, vinegar for a few hours before cooking to tenderise it Acid = Tender

19 Tenderising Meat Long, slow moist methods of cooking such as stewing or casseroling tenderise the meat

20 Effects of Heat on Meat Protein  coagulates = meat shrinks = juice squeezed out Collagen  Gelatine in moist heat  meat fibres loosen = tender Fat  melts = meat moistened + flavoured Flavour  Improves due to fat melting + extracts which have been squeezed out in the juices

21 Effects of Heat on Meat Some B group vitamins + some minerals  destroyed/lost into cooking liquid How could you solve this problem??? Bacteria are destroyed Overcooking = tough indigestible meat How do you know when meat is cooked???

Download ppt "Meat © PDST Home Economics. Meat Meat is the flesh or muscular tissue of animals and birds."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google