Presentation on theme: "FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training."— Presentation transcript:
FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training programs that are specific to your industry.
What Is Heat Stress? Working or playing where it is hot puts stress on our body's cooling system. When the heat is combined with other stresses such as hard physical work, loss of fluids, fatigue or some medical conditions, it may lead to heat-related illness, disability and even death. This can happen to anybody--even if you are young and fit.
Heat Stress Heat stress is usually a concern in the tropics or the South. This is especially true in states like Florida and Texas, when people are frequently exposed to the heat.
How We Cope With Heat Your body is always generating heat and passing it to the environment. The harder your body is working, the more heat it has to lose. When the environment is hot or humid or has a source of radiant heat (for example, a furnace or the sun), your body must work harder to get rid of its heat.
Heat Stress If the air is moving (for example, from fans) and it is cooler than your body, it is easier for your body to pass heat to the environment. Workers over 40 should be more careful because of a reduced ability to sweat.
Controlling Heat Stress
Acclimatization The longer you do hard work in the heat the better your body becomes at keeping cool. If you are not used to working in the heat then you must take a week or two to get acclimated or used to the heat. If you were ill or away from work for a week or so you can lose your acclimatization. There are several ways to get acclimated:
Heat Stress If you are experienced on the job, limit your time in the hot environment to 50% of the shift on the first day and 80% on the second day. You can work a full shift the third day. If you are not experienced on the job (for example, a new worker) you should start off spending 20% of the time in the hot environment on the first day and increase your time by 20% each following day. Instead of reducing the exposure times to the hot job, you can become acclimated by reducing the physical demands of the job for a week or two.
Heat Stress If you have health problems or are not in good physical condition, you may need longer periods of acclimatization. Hot spells in warm states like Florida or Texas last long enough to allow acclimatization. When it is hot, consider some of the following engineering and administrative controls.
Heat Stress Hazards
CauseSymptomsTreatmentPrevention Heat Rash Hot humid environment; plugged sweat glands. Red bumpy rash with severe itching. Change into dry clothes and avoid hot environments. Rinse skin with cool water. Wash regularly to keep skin clean and dry. Sun- burn Too much exposure to the sun. Red, painful, or blistering and peeling skin. If the skin blisters, seek medical aid. Use skin lotions (avoid topical anesthetics) and work in the shade. Work in the shade: cover skin with clothing; wear suntan lotions with a sun protection factor of at least 15. People with fair skin should be especially cautious. Heat Rash and Sunburn
Heavy sweating drains a person's body of salt, which cannot be replaced just by drinking water. Painful cramps in arms, legs or stomach which occur suddenly at work or later at home. Cramps are serious because they can be a warning of other more dangerous heat-induced illnesses. Move to a cool area; loosen clothing and drink cool salted water (1 tsp. salt per gallon of water) or commercial fluid replacement beverage. If the cramps are severe or don't go away, seek medical aid. When working in the heat, workers should put salt on their food (if on a low-salt diet, this should be discussed with a doctor). This will give the body all the salt it needs; don't take salt tablets. CauseSymptomsTreatmentPrevention Heat Cramps
Not enough blood flowing to the head, causing loss of consciousness. Sudden fainting after at least two hours of work; cool moist skin; weak pulse. Fainting may be due to a heart attack or other illness. GET MEDICAL ATTENTION. Assess need for CPR. Move to a cool area; loosen clothing; make person lie down; and if the person is conscious, offer sips of cool water. Reduce activity levels and/or heat exposure. Drink fluids regularly. Workers should check on each other to help spot the symptoms which often precede heat stroke. Fainting CauseSymptomsTreatmentPrevention
Heat Exhaustion Inadequate salt and water intake causes a person's body's cooling system to start to break down. Heavy sweating; cool moist skin; body temperature very high ; weak pulse; normal or low blood pressure; person is tired, weak, clumsy, upset or confused; is very thirsty; or is panting or breathing rapidly, vision may be blurred. GET MEDICAL AID. This condition can lead to heat stroke, which can kill. Move the person to a cool shaded areas; loosen or remove excess clothing; provide cool water to drink (salted if possible); fan and spray with cool water. Reduce activity levels and/or heat exposure. Drink fluids regularly. Workers should check on each other to help spot the symptoms which often precede heat stroke. CauseSymptomsTreatmentPrevention
CauseSymptomsTreatmentPrevention Heat Stroke If a person's body has used up all its water and salt, it will stop sweating. This can cause body the temperature to rise. High body temperature and any one of the following: the person is weak, confused, upset or acting strangely; has hot, dry, red skin; a fast pulse; a headache or dizziness. In later stages, a person may pass out and have convulsions. CALL AN AMBULANCE. This condition can kill a person quickly. Remove excess clothing; fan and spray the person with cool water; offer sips of cool water if the person is conscious. Reduce activity levels and/or heat exposure. Drink fluids regularly. Workers should check on each other to help spot the symptoms which often precede heat stroke.
Modifying Work and the Environment Management and the Safety Committee can reduce heat stress in the following ways:
Engineering Controls Control the heat at source through the use of insulating and reflective barriers (insulate furnace walls). Exhaust hot air and steam produced by specific operations. Reduce the temperature and humidity through air cooling. Provide air-conditioned rest areas.
Heat Stress Increase air movement Reduce physical demands of work task through mechanical assistance (hoists, lift- tables, etc.).
Administrative Controls Health and safety committees should assess the demands of all jobs and have monitoring and control strategies in place for hot days. Increase the frequency and length of rest breaks. Schedule hot jobs to cooler times of the day. Provide cool drinking water near workers and remind them to drink a cup every 20 minutes or so.
Heat Stress Workers should salt their food well, particularly while they are acclimating to a hot job (workers with a low salt diet should discuss this with their doctor). Assign additional workers or slow down work pace. Make sure everyone is properly acclimated.
Heat Stress Train workers to recognize the signs and symptoms of heat stress and start a 'buddy system' since people are not likely to notice their own symptoms. Pregnant workers and workers with a medical condition should discuss working in the heat with their doctor.
Personal Protective Equipment Light clothing should be worn to allow free air movement and sweat evaporation. Outside, wear light-colored clothing. In a high radiant heat situation, reflective clothing may help. For very hot environments, air, water or ice- cooled insulated clothing should be considered. Vapor barrier clothing, such as acid suits, greatly increases the amount of heat stress on the body, and extra caution is necessary.
Heat Stress Threshold Limit Values for Heat Stress published by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists used as reference. These values are based on preventing fit, acclimated workers' core temperatures from rising too high.
Examples of Permissible Heat Exposure Threshold Limit Values Work – Rest Regimen (per hour) Work Load Light ModerateHeavy Temperature in Degrees F Continuous Work %Work – 25%Rest %Work – 50%Rest %Work – 75%Rest908886