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Weapon Training Basics l Safety l Knowledge l Practice Revised 2/28/2010 Created: 12/03/2008 Created by Judge James P. MacElree using the NRA training.

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Presentation on theme: "Weapon Training Basics l Safety l Knowledge l Practice Revised 2/28/2010 Created: 12/03/2008 Created by Judge James P. MacElree using the NRA training."— Presentation transcript:

1 Weapon Training Basics l Safety l Knowledge l Practice Revised 2/28/2010 Created: 12/03/2008 Created by Judge James P. MacElree using the NRA training template “First Steps Pistol #2” This should only be used in conjunction with a certified firearms instructor and is an outline only. Also: CLICK here for judicialsecuritypa.comCLICK here for judicialsecuritypa.com For Judges

2 Gun Safety Rules NRA 1. Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction. 2. Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. 3. Always keep the gun unloaded until you’re ready to use it.

3 SAFETY FIRST 1. Treat every gun as if it were loaded. 2. Be sure of your target and what is beyond it. 3. Never point a gun at anything you are not willing to destroy. 4. Keep your finger off the trigger until the gun is lined up on target.

4 GUNS DESTROY Negligent Discharges Kill Keep Your Finger OFF the Trigger One Mistake With a Gun May Be Your Last Stay Focused On SAFETY Keep Your Finger OFF the Trigger

5 Negligent Discharge Is Not an Accident l I thought it was empty l I was picking it up l I dropped it on the ground l I pulled it from my holster l I was putting it back l I was under stress l I was cleaning it l Keep Your Finger Off the Trigger

6 K. I. S. S. l K eep l I t l S afe & l S imple l

7 These are Hand Guns Revolver Pistol BARREL Bullet comes out here GRIP Hold firmly GRIP Hold firmly TRIGGER Keep finger off BARREL Hammerless or Hammer TRIGGER Keep Finger off Hammer

8 Revolver Parts l Barrel Front sight Muzzle Bore Rifling l Frame Trigger guard Grip panels Back strap Rear sight l Action Hammer Cylinder Cylinder release Ejector rod Trigger To View Animation CLICK below or paste to browser Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated Revolver

9 Pistol Parts Semi-automatics lFrame Safety (De-cocker) Slide lock Grip panels Back strap Trigger guard lBarrel Bore Chamber Rifling Muzzle l Action Hammer Slide Sights Ejection port Magazine Magazine release Trigger To View Animation CLICK below or paste in browser Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated Glock

10 Shotgun Parts Stock Trigger Front sight Ejection port Pump Slide

11 Rifle Parts Stock Trigger Front sight Ejection port Hand Guard Rea r Sight Magazine Grip Barrel

12 Ammunition & Fundamentals l Proper Ammo l Malfunctions l Hand/eye choice l Fundamentals

13 Types of Ammunition Rifle Cartridge Pistol Cartridge Shotgun Shell

14 Ammunition Components l THE CARTRIDGE l 1. Primer l 2. Powder l 3. Case l 4. Bullet

15 The Bullet JHP - Jacketed Hollow Point 1 - metal jacket 2 - lead 3 - hollow point

16 Shotgun Shells 00 Buck Shot 9 to 12 – Balls 30 Yard Range Slugs One - Heavy Projectile 100+ Yard Range Bird Shot 100s - Small Pellets Not Recommended

17 Rifle Ammo Devastating Power Yard Range Goes Through Walls Note: Cal gr. JHP Considered a good home defense load Does not over penetrate 50 BMG, 30-06, x39,.223,.22LR

18 Ammunition Make sure you have the correct ammunition CHECK MARKINGS 1. Barrel or Slide 2. Box of Ammo 3. Cartridge Case l ALL 3 MUST BE l MARKED FOR l SAME AMMO Failure to use ammunition designed for the gun can result in serious injury or death

19 Squib - Misfire Potential ammunition malfunctions Squib Misfire Bullet stuck in barrel Next Shot = Gun Explosion “K-BOOM” Injury to You

20 Pistol K-BOOM semi-automatic

21 Revolver K-Boom

22 Hand Gun Operation l SAFETY FIRST Unloading Loading Cocking Uncocking

23 Unload Revolver 1. Open the cylinder Open the cylinder 1. Push the extractor rod Push the extractor rod 1. Keep pushing to extract all cartridges Keep pushing to extract all cartridges 1. Revolver unloading complete Revolver unloading complete l Click Here for Video Click Here for Video l

24 Pull slide back to eject any cartridge in chamber Hold slide in open position (back) Inspect chamber making sure it is empty Slowly release slide to forward position. Unload Semi-Automatic Point gun in safe direction Press magazine release Remove magazine Click Here for Video

25 Shooting Fundamentals l Grip Hold on Gun l Position Standing or Sitting l Sight Alignment l Breath Control l Trigger Squeeze l Follow Through

26 Dominant Eye Right or Left

27 Which Eye is Dominant 1. Poke a small hole in a piece of paper 2. Hold paper up with both hands with arms fully extended 3. View a object/target through the hole 4. Close one of your eyes 5. If what you are looking at disappears, the other eye is dominate 6. If it is still there then the eye you closed is dominate

28 Shooting Fundamentals Grip “V” high on the backstrap Lower three fingers wrap & hold Thumb & middle finger touch Wrap the four fingers of weak hand around lower three fingers of the strong hand Thumbs on the same side of the pistol

29 Position - Stance Consistency Balance Support NPA (Natural Point of Aim) Comfort

30 Sight Alignment

31 Sight Alignment on Target l Target, front sight and rear sight aligned l “Six o’clock” hold, or “center of mass” hold

32 Focus on Front Sight Focus is on the… Front Sight

33 Breath Control Body movement affects the shot -So… quiet yourself Breathing requires muscle movement -So… shoot between breaths Breathe out part way, hold, and shoot Don’t hold your breath too long or muscle tremors will create movement and disrupt the shot

34 Trigger Don’t “Pull” the trigger!!! SQUEEZE or PRESS THE TRIGGER Gradually increasing pressure until the mechanism releases SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots

35 Follow Through l Bring the gun back on target l Ready for a second or third shot l Keep both eyes open l BE AWARE

36 BREAK

37 Gun Selection The Best for You l Safety First l Guns l Ammunition l Holsters l Tactics l Resources 12/03/2008 Revised 2/28/2010 Created by Judge James P. MacElree using the NRA training template “First Steps Pistol #2” This should only be used in conjunction with a certified firearms instructor and is an outline only. Click on Link judicialsecuritypa.com Click on Link judicialsecuritypa.com For Judges

38 SAFETY FIRST 1. Treat every gun as if it were loaded. 2. Be sure of your target and what is beyond it. 3. Never point a gun at anything you are not willing to destroy. 4. Keep your finger off the trigger until the gun is lined up on target.

39 Gun Safety Rules NRA 1. Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction. 2. Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. 3. Always keep the gun unloaded until you’re ready to use it.

40 You are Unique l Quality Options l Quality Equipment l Properly Chosen l Will Work for You

41 Which Hammer is Best Depends on The Job & Your Ability

42 Which Gun is Best l When Under Attack l The Gun l In Your Hand

43 SAFE l Gun and Ammo l Must Be Safe l For You l Your Life Depends on It

44 EASY TO USE l Gun and Ammo l Must Be Easy l For You l Your Life Depends on It

45 100% RELIABLE l Gun and Ammo l Must Be 100% l Reliable l Your Life Depends on It

46 Your Mind Set Be Alert See the Threat Stop the Threat Your Life Depends on It The most important means of surviving a lethal confrontation is neither the weapon nor the martial skills. The primary tool is the combat mindset, set forth in Principles of Personal Defense. Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper

47 Your Alert Levels The Color Code Military has 4 colors [Color Code Details Click Here] [Color Code Details Click Here] Civilian L.E. has 5 colors White = Unprepared Yellow = Relaxed Alertness Orange = Unspecified Alert Red = Armed Encounter Black = Lethal Assault - Must Shoot.

48 Your Knowledge l "Be careful around the man who owns only one gun - He probably knows how to use it!" Anon.

49 It’s All About You Your - Use for the Gun Your - Abilities Your - Limitations Your - Comfort Level Your - Gun’s Safety Features

50 Your Abilities l Are You Mechanically Inclined l What is Your Dexterity l How Often Will You Practice Practice – For Real Life Scenarios

51 What Size Are You

52 SIZE MATTERS l How Big Are You l How Strong Are You l ******** l What Size is the Gun l Too Big or Too Small

53 Revolver Easy to Carry Concealable Simple To Use 5 to 7 Shots Slower Reload Short Range Inherent Safe Design Double Action Trigger Heavier Trigger Pull 38 Special [Click on Link] 357 Magnum Snub Nose 4 Inch Barrel

54 Pistol Semi -Auto Easy to Carry Concealable Complicated to Use 7 to 19 Shots Faster Reload Short Range May or May Not Have: External Safety Single Action Trigger Double Action Trigger Decocker [Click on Link] 40 S&W 9MM 45 ACP

55 Good Choices Hand Gun l Revolver (Best for All Around Use) 2” – 6” Barrel Chambered for.357 or 38 Special Loaded with JHP 125 gr. 110 gr. l Pistol (More Experience Required) 3” – 5” Barrel Chambered for 9MM or 40 S&W Loaded with JHP 115 gr. 165 gr.

56 Shotgun Pump Action 12 Gauge 00 Buck Shot Good for Home Defense Devastating Damage Easy to use 3 to 8 Shots Devastating Power Medium Range Good Safety Features External Safety Shell Ejector The Slide Action Reliable [Click on Link] 12 Gauge Pump

57 Tactical Rifle Good Safety Features External Safety Collapsing Stock Detachable Magazine Great Damage Complicated to Use 10 to 30 Shots Medium High Power Longer Range AR - 15 [Click on Link] “The rifle is for serious work” Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper Semi-Auto - Colt Cal x45mm NATO 55 gr. Hollow Point

58 Hunting Rifle Pump Action 30 Cal 150 gr. Hollow Point Extreme Penetration Devastating Damage Easy to use 3 to 5 Shots High Power Long Range Good Safety Features External Safety Cartridge Ejector Detachable Magazine

59 Good Choices Rifle - Shotgun l Rifle AR-15 (At Home – Trunk of Car) 16” Barrel Chambered for.223 NATO 5.56 Loaded with 55gr. JHP or 50 gr. JHP l Shotgun ( At Home – Trunk of Car) 18” – 20” Barrel Chambered for 12 Gauge Loaded with 00 Buck Shot

60 Buy Quality To See on Line Selection Site [Click Here] Remington Ruger Sig Sauer Smith & Wesson Springfield Armory Taurus Walther Winchester Not exhaustive list Beretta Browning Colt Glock Heckler & Koch Kimber Kahr Mossberg

61 Video Clips Guns in Action l 38 Snub Nose 38 Snub Nose l 9MM 9MM l 40 S&W 40 S&W l 357 Magnum 357 Magnum l 45 ACP 45 ACP l 12 Gauge Pump 12 Gauge Pump [ CLICK ON LINKS ]

62 The Mouse Guns Pocket Pistols l Any Gun Less Than 9MM l Such As l Small - Weak - Light l But: “They Cause Leaks” - Walt Rauch

63 Mouse Guns Too Small ? l 22 Derringer Only Two Shots 22 Derringer l l 32 ACP Marginal Pocket Pistol 32 ACP l 380 ACP Better Pocket Pistol 380 ACP l [Click on Links] l But They Can Kill

64 Big Magnums Too Large ? 44 Magnum Kicks Hard 500 S&W Kicks Harder Defense Against Grizzly Bears Big Bore Rifles Can Knock You Over [Click on Links]

65 Gun Ammo Energy at Muzzle Jacketed Hollow Points (from Fed., Speer & Rem. Data) l.380 Auto 89 grs = 216 ft/lbs l.38 Special 110 grs = 208 ft/lbs l.38 Special +P 125 grs = 248 ft/lbs l 9MM 124 grs = 364 ft/lbs l 9MM +P 124 grs = 410 ft/lbs l.45 ACP 230 grs = 404 ft/lbs l.45 ACP +P 230 grs = 461 ft/lbs l.40 S&W 165 grs = 484 ft/lbs l.357 Magnum 125 grs = 584 ft/lbs l.223 Rifle *** 50 grs = 1227 ft/lbs l +P = Extra Pressure Use Only in Modern Guns Produces Extra Recoil - Kick

66 Ammo for Carry Jacketed Hollow Points l Your Life is on The Line l Do Not Skimp on Quality l Quality Factory Ammo Only l HST Fed. HST l Gold Dot Speer Gold Dot Speer l Golden Saber Rem. Golden Saber l COR BON COR BON l Hydra-Shok Fed. Hydra-Shok [Click on Links at Left]

67 Ammo For Practice l Police Practice l With Carry Ammo l If Jacketed Hollow Points are Too Expensive for Practice then Use: l Ammo with Same Ballistics Same Weight Bullet Same Velocity

68 Stopping Power l Bullet Placement Vital Organs - Arteries - Brain l Depth of Penetration 12+ Inches of Flesh l Multiple Hits Keep shooting until the threat is stopped Practice Multiple Shots – Center Mass

69 How Much Ammo l "You'll never leave a gunfight wishing you had brought LESS ammunition." Anon. l Carry With You l A spare speed loader - Revolver l A spare magazine - Pistol

70 Bullet in Chamber ? Conditions 1 & 2 l Revolvers Yes - Fully Loaded Modern Revolvers are Safe Older Revolvers - No Hammer Block l Pistols – Shotguns - Rifles l Depends on Many Factors Manuel Safety? Yes - No Features of Gun Your Training Your Comfort Level Perhaps Suggested Article [Click on Link] Suggested Article

71 Locked and Cocked ? l Condition Zero: A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety off l Condition One: A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety on l Condition Two: A round chambered, hammer down l Condition Three: Chamber empty l Condition Four: Chamber empty, no magazine

72 Sights & Lasers l White Outline Helps with Aim l Glow in the Dark Trijicon [Click on Link]Trijicon Greater Accuracy in Low Light l Laser Beam - Projects a Red Dot Grip Mount - [Click on Link]Grip Mount Barrel Mount - [Click on Link]Barrel Mount

73 Bright Flash Light l Illuminates Target l & l Blinds Attacker Using Gun Lights [Click on Link] Using Gun Lights l By Walt Rauch Mount on Gun [Click on Link] Mount on Gun

74 Holsters l Secure Keeps You in Possession l Safe No Accidentally Discharge l Comfortable So You Will Carry it

75 Holsters & Gun Bags l Retention of Gun is Critical l Dozens of Options l Very Personal Choice l Do Not Skimp on Quality l You Will End up With Many

76 Inside The Pants Fanny Pack Pocket Holsters Strap and Lock High RiderBelt Loop Small of Back Shoulder Rig Purse Holsters Slide Holster Paddle

77 Considerations l Retention l Comfort l Ease of Access l Time to Draw and Re-Holster l Concealment Level l Clothing to be Worn l Durability

78 Holster Sites l DeSantis DeSantis l Safariland Safariland l Galco Galco l Uncle Mikes Uncle Mikes l Bianchi Bianchi l Concealed Carry Vests Concealed Carry Vests l U.S.C.C.A. U.S. Concealed Carry Assoc U.S.C.C.A. [Click on Link]

79 BREAK

80 Average Gun Fight l BE AWARE - BE PREPARED Onset Fast You will be the one surprised by the attack Duration Seconds First solid hit usually wins Distance Close Less than 20’ - Distance is your friend Shots Fired Few Practice multiple shots Lighting Poor Light Practice in low light also l STAY IN CONTROL OF YOURSELF l FBI stats may be meaningless to your situation – based on Officer Killed study

81 Survivability Be Aware Gives You Time To Act Quickly Ready Your Weapon Draw Your Gun Move to Cover Something Solid State of Mind Willing to Shoot Stop the Threat Shooting Center Mass Stay Alert Don’t Let Your Guard Down

82 What Really Happens Read This Article - [Click on Link] Read This Article - l Tactics & Training l What Really Happens In A Gunfight? l The conclusions from twenty-five years of lethal force investigation. By Dave Spaulding

83 Carjacker Attack If he says: Get out of the car! Let him have the car - Everyone Out If he says: Move over! He intends to kill you – Fight or Flight Defeating the Carjacker [Click on Link] Defeating the Carjacker

84 Attack At Home l Move Quickly to a Safe Room l Close and Lock Door l Seek Cover l Ready Your Weapon – Point at Door l Dial 911 l Yell I Have a Gun Get Out I called Police Personal Protection Inside the Home DVD [Click Here]

85 Self Defense A Good Book l Real-World l SURVIVAL! What Has Worked For Me By Walt Rauch US Secret Service US Army Intelligence [Click Here To See]Click Here To See

86 Self Defense A Good Book l IN THE GRAVEST EXTREME l By Mass Ayoob “ Master Instructor” “ Law Enforcement Guru” l If You Shoot Someone l Your Life Will Change Forever [Click Here To See]Click Here To See

87 Self Defense Good - Books Basics of Personal Protection in the Home – Book [Click Here] Personal Protection Outside the Home - Book [Click Here]

88 More Information l More Detailed Information l What you need to know about GUNS and AMMUNITION l “Ammo & Ballistics” [Click Here] “Ammo & Ballistics” Click Here

89 Additional Training l NRA Basic Pistol Shooting Course NRA Basic Pistol Shooting Course l NRA Personal Protection Course l Competitive shooting (IPSC, IDPA, SASS, etc.) l Smith & Wesson Training Smith & Wesson Training l Sheriff’s Department [Click on Link]


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