Presentation on theme: "Odra Case Study Knowledge Elicitation Karolina Królikowska."— Presentation transcript:
Odra Case Study Knowledge Elicitation Karolina Królikowska
Eliciting rules Legal acts analysis Legal rules described in a document Legal Framework for Land Reclamation and Collective Action in Water Partnerships Interviews with landowners and experts Decision rules (Field Research Report in progress)
Legal framework was described based on: Water Law Act from the 18th. Jul Ordinance of the Ministry from the 11th. Feb regarding terms and procedures of melioration fees specification and exaction Expert interviews
Legal rules - examples The maintenance of all kinds of detailed land reclamation (DLR) is the obligation of land owners or a relevant Water Partnership. IF this obligation is not performed, THEN relevant administration unit, trough official decision determines the scope and deadlines of activities to be done, in proportion to the benefits of given landowners. IF the construction of DLR is properly organised and conducted with proper technologies, THEN the owner of the land, on which this DLR is built, is not entitled to any compensation for either loss of land or damage to the crops.
Agents and their competence in decision making Agent Decision categories BLR construction and maintenance BLR financing DLR construction DLR maintenance DLR financing Water Partnership establishme nt land owner ++++ Voivod + (if BLR is co- financed from public community funds) + (if DLR is co- funded by The Treasury) Marshal ( which means: LSOfLR on his behalf) + ++ (if DLR is co- funded by The Treasury) + (if DLR is co- funded by The Treasury) + Water Partnership +++ Prefect + (it means the control over WP’s activities) + (it means the control over WP’s activities) + (it means the control over WP’s activities) +
Rye rates and the percentage of facilities’ construction regarding certain types of LR facilities and associated works - examples Bushes removal and adaptation of fields in order to bring meadows and pastures into cultivation formerly drained/irrigated lands 575 Fishponds construction Drainage construction on arable lands with drains span: 1) up to 9 m 2) 9-13 m 3) m 4) more than 17 m Period of fee installments exaction in years (if the fee is higher than 1000zl) Percentage of facilities’ construction Rye rates in kilos per hectare Types of LR facilities and associated works
Research questions 1.What rules guide landowners’ decisions regarding land use and land reclamation maintenance? 2.What are the selected characteristics of social networks? 3.What are the stakeholders’ perceptions of both land use and social changes in the past? 4.What are the stakeholders’ visions of future scenarios regarding rural areas in our study area?
Interview questionnaire - modules Land use changes in the past Present decision rules, including: –Land use –Land reclamation/collective action Social networks Future scenarios Mostly open ended questions.
Respondents Following decisions made at the Wroclaw meeting in September 2005, we have chosen landowners owing the land along Kwiatkowicki and Rogowski Canals. Based on land evidence we identified 32 private landowners and 4 organisational landowners.
Summary We managed to conduct 15 interviews. 5 persons refused to give an interview 15 persons were not available, including: - 5 persons moved to other localities and their current addresses in land evidence are not up-to-date, - 5 persons live in different other localities from the beginning, but we decided not to contact them due to costs and time, - 3 houses were empty all the time, - 1 person is in the old people's home - 1 person died recently
Preliminary results Social networks – selected characteristics How many people can you ask for advice/information and/or help in farming activities and/or with how many people do you exchange farm products? Family (also from other localities) Direct neighbors („behind a fence”)
Data on networks available - example From: - To: R32 R 15R32, R4, R13 R 33 Land tenancyFamily (household in the village?) Nearest neighbors Respondent code
Decision rules - examples Local authorities activity: IF local authorities take proper care of LRS THEN participate in a WP Presence of successors: IF successors exist THEN do not sell land Production type: IF milk production OR selling hay THEN do not plough meadows Soil class: IF soil class 5 or 4 THEN afforestate General rule „They do nothing, so why should I pay? If they did it right I would pay.” „I want to sell the whole farm soon, cause there are no successors” „I don’t plough meadows cause I mow them and sell hay” „I do afforestate 5th class lands to get subsidies” R15 Participation in a Water Partnership: yes/no – why? Selling land: yes/no – why? Ploughing meadows: yes/no – why? Afforestation: yes/no – why? Respondents’ rules and their generalisation
Decision rules - examples Economic calculation: production costs and purchase prices are calculated Soil type: the possibility of certain crops cultivation depends on soil types - IF soil class is X THEN cultivate Y Habits: they do what they always did Tradition or culture: no General rules „It’s profitable; it depends on soil type; parents did the same” arable lands, meadows maize, potatoes, rape-seed R 15 Why these crops? land use (ha) and crops types Respondents’ rules and their generalisation
Decision rules - examples „Yes, and others’ too, cause I need it for my fishponds. It’s not so difficult, I know how to do it.” Profits: IF LRS proper maintenance influences production directly and considerably THEN maintain LRS Skills: IF you know how to maintain LRS THEN do it yourself General rules R 15 Do you personally maintain land reclamation facilities existing on your lands? Yes/No – why? Respondents’ rules and their generalisation
How to improve the questionnaire? Add a question „Who makes main decisions about farming in the household?” Add a question about family in the village.
Further reasearch More (5-10) interviews with experts (key- informants) will be done. The results of interviews with farmers will be consulted with experts, as a form of validation (in fact it is being done currently). Next wave of field research can be done in spring, but…
Further reasearch – where? All landowners in the same village (Rogów Legnicki) All landowners owing parcels along all ditches in Rogów Legnicki village A sample of landowners from other villages