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1 Service Oriented Architecture: UW’s Migration Strategy a.k.a. What is it and how do we get one? Jim Phelps Sr. I.T. Architect, DoIT, UW-Madison

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Presentation on theme: "1 Service Oriented Architecture: UW’s Migration Strategy a.k.a. What is it and how do we get one? Jim Phelps Sr. I.T. Architect, DoIT, UW-Madison"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Service Oriented Architecture: UW’s Migration Strategy a.k.a. What is it and how do we get one? Jim Phelps Sr. I.T. Architect, DoIT, UW-Madison

2 2 What I’ll Cover Data vs. Service Three Tiers (slides included FREE!) Migration Strategy Sticky Bits Roadmap Next Steps (2 years) Summary

3 3 Integration is.. Complex: When systems change, interfaces need to be rebuilt Brittle: When interfaces fail, people are unhappy (and often blame the wrong people) Expensive: Garther - “up to 50% of large enterprise’s IT budget is spent on interfaces and integration” (1)

4 4 A Simple Use Case eReserves: Library has books on reserve for a course. The Library checks those books out only to students in the course.

5 5 Data vs. Service SIS Course Roster Library Course Roster Data

6 6 Data vs. Service Service SIS IsEnrolle d Service Library Yes/ No StudentID, CourseID SIS Cours e Roster Library Cours e Roster Data

7 7 Reusability Service SIS IsEnrolle d Service Libra ry Yes/ No StudentID, CourseID

8 8 Service SIS IsEnrolle d Service Libra ry Yes/ No StudentID, CourseID Point of Sales System Reusability

9 9 Service SIS IsEnrolle d Service Libra ry Yes/ No StudentID, CourseID Point of Sales System Portal StudentID CourseID Reusability

10 10 Service Replication of all dataPull as needed OpaqueTransparent DisconnectedConnected Point-to-PointOne-to-Many Reusable BrittleRobust Composite Apps Data

11 11 Data vs. Service Fundamental shift away from shipping data to providing services

12 12 Data vs. Service Move to SOA to: –Reduce cost –Increase security –Reduce data duplication –Gain transparency –Reusability

13 13 Three Tiers Lower Tier: Operations –No longer based on “here is an app that runs on this server on this hard-drive”

14 14 Three Tiers SAN Network App Server Lower Tier: Operations –No longer based on “here is an app that runs on this server on this hard-drive”

15 15 Three Tiers Network Service Compute Service Storage Service Lower Tier: Operations –No longer based on “here is an app that runs on this server on this hard-drive” SAN Network App Server

16 16 Middle Tier: Application Architecture –Build Applications as a suite of reusable business objects –Architecture behind Fusion Three Tiers Fusion IdM Edit Person CampusID create: first, last, middle Register

17 17 Middle Tier: Application Architecture –Build Applications as a suite of reusable business objects –Architecture behind Fusion Three Tiers Fusion IdM Edit Person CampusID create: first, last, middle New Hire

18 18 Three Tiers Top Tier: System to System Integration –Based on Web Services –Basis of interoperability between systems Service SIS IsEnrolle d Service Library Yes/ No StudentID, CourseID

19 19 Three Tiers Top Tier: System to System Integration –Based on Web Services –Basis of interoperability between systems Service SIS IsEnrolle d Service Library Yes/ No StudentID, CourseID Point of Sales System

20 20 Service SIS IsEnrolle d Service Library Yes/ No StudentID, CourseID Point of Sales System Three Tiers Top Tier: System to System Integration –Based on Web Services –Basis of interoperability between systems Portal StudentID CourseID

21 21 Migration Strategy - SOA Process - business process analysis Information - data definitions and standard schemas Infrastructure - architecture and technical gaps Vendors - helping hands Organization - Change Management

22 22 Migration Strategy - SOA Process - Business Process Analysis –Prioritization - Most Pain, Most Gain –Define/Document Business Process –Look for optimization opportunities –Use disruption to your advantage –Data needs (timeliness, availability, etc)

23 23 Migration Strategy - SOA Information - Enterprise Data Definitions –Let the Business Process Analysis drive the data definition process –Don’t build a complete dictionary –Start with the most needed definitions –Build on existing standards

24 24 Migration Strategy - SOA Infrastructure - Architecture and Technology –Gap analysis - what pieces are missing –Do we have the right architecture in place? –Business Process Analysis and Data needs drive the effort.

25 25 Migration Strategy - SOA Vendor - Evaluation to fill the gaps –Business Process Analysis –Enterprise Data Identification –Data Definitions / Standards Development –Service Design –Technology Gaps

26 26 Migration Strategy - SOA Organization - Change Management –Culture shift from data to services –Staff training and support –New Expertise Service Interface Designer (2) Service Library Manager (2) –Integration Competency Centers (3)

27 27 People of the ICC Project Manager Services Architect Interface Designers Registry / Library manager Schema experts

28 28 Migration Strategy - SOA

29 29 Building the ICC Critical Success Factor Centrally funded not a charge-back center Unifying practices Easier to enact and deploy standards Manage the interface library (WS Registry a.k.a. UDDI Registry)

30 30 Organizational Change New Skills and the ICC Forces for Change Misalignments –Funding models –Employee Evaluation

31 31 Who is the force for change? Service SIS IsEnrolled Service Library Yes/No StudentID,Co urseID Point of Sales System Portal StudentID CourseID1 … ? ? ? ?

32 32 Force 1: Architectural Purity Service SIS IsEnrolled Service Library Yes/No StudentID,Co urseID Point of Sales System Portal StudentID CourseID1 … Statement: It is good for the Enterprise. Model: We will all cooperate for the good of the whole. Never works. People don’t act for the good of all when their project / budget / timeline / comfort is at risk.

33 33 Force 2: Consumer Service SIS IsEnrolled Service Library Yes/No StudentID,Co urseID Point of Sales System Portal StudentID CourseID1 … Statement: We want a Web service for ….. Model: The first Consumer will drive the change. Rarely works. Need an alignment of good will between the Consumer(s) and Service Provider.

34 34 Force 3: Service Provider Service SIS IsEnrolled Service Library Yes/No StudentID,Co urseID Point of Sales System Portal StudentID CourseID1 … Statement: It is the new “supported” way Model: The Service Provider will set the standard Should work. Especially if the Service Provider can eliminate other feeds and if they impose costs on new feeds.

35 35 How would this work Service Provider eliminates multiple flat-file feeds - replaces with single Web Service.

36 36 How would this work Use Web Service –Agree to SLA –ICC establish Security and Policy –Register use in the WS Registry Service Provider eliminates multiple flat-file feeds - replaces with single Web Service. Consumer can:

37 37 How would this work Use Web Service –Agree to SLA –ICC would establish Security and Policy –Register use in the WS Registry Request a Flat File –Go through review –Pay to build & maintain feed forever –Pay for whole cost of feed –Agree to policy re:use, security, privacy etc. Service Provider eliminates multiple flat-file feeds - replaces with single Web Service. Consumer can:

38 38 Force 3: Service Provider Service SIS IsEnrolled Service Library Yes/No StudentID,Co urseID Point of Sales System Portal StudentID CourseID1 … Agree Or Pay $$$

39 39 Organizational Change New Skills and the ICC Forces for Change Misalignments –Funding models –Employee Evaluation

40 40 Misalignment How we fund projects How do we measure our employees

41 41 Misalignment How we fund projects –DATA - “please build an app for me” –SERVICE - “we need these reusable services” –Looks a lot like “Overhead”

42 42 Misalignment How we fund projects –DATA - “please build an app for me” –SERVICE - “we need these reusable services” –Looks a lot like “Overhead” How do we measure our employees –DATA - “I built these apps for these customers” –SERVICE - “I made these reusable services” –Hard to measure “value”

43 43 Organizational Change New Skills and the ICC Forces for Change Misalignments –Funding models –Employee Evaluation

44 44 Other Sticky Bits Standards Policy & Security Governance

45 45 Security/Policy Enforcement Service SIS IsEnrolled Service Library Yes/No StudentID, CourseID Two models –Embedded (written into the interfaces) –In-line (proxy) In Line Embedded

46 46 Phylogeny and Standards

47 47 Phylogeny and Standards WSDL SOAP XML WS-Security WS-Policy

48 48 Security/Policy Enforcement Service SIS IsEnrolled Service Library Yes/No StudentID, CourseID Two models –Embedded (written into the interfaces) –In-line (proxy) In Line Embedded

49 49 Governance - Complex and Difficult Mix When you hear the words: Funding, Policy, Security and Architecture in the same talk, you know that Governance can’t be far behind.

50 50 Governance - Complex and Difficult Mix

51 51 Identity Management framework Identity Management Leadership Group Registrar & H.R. co-chair Members include: Business Leaders Technical Leaders Authentication Authorization Coordinating Team Access To Data ID Card Evaluation Technical Assessment and Policy Recommendations

52 52 SOA Management framework SOA Leadership Group Integration Competency Center DRAFT

53 53 Roadmap to SOA UW System HighwayBusiness Application HighwayCampus Highway

54 54 Roadmap to SOA ’ view UW System Highway Integration Competency Center (ICC) Registry Establish Governance Development Standards Common Tools

55 55 Roadmap to SOA ’ view Analysis of Interfaces Analysis of the Business Processes Reduce the number of Interfaces Apply standard data definitions (schemas) Migration to Services Business Application Highway

56 56 Campus Highway Roadmap to SOA ’ view ICC or ICC Partners Establishment of Governance Analysis of Business Processes Reduction of Interfaces Migration to Services

57 57 Next 2 Years Analysis of Interfaces –Document the interface and business process –Starting with “Course Roster” Look to refactor interfaces Reduce the number of interfaces Use standards for data representation (IMS) Request Official University Transcripts Electronically (ROUTE) –Expose two interfaces as Web Services (Student Bio-Demo and Holds/Fines)

58 58 Next 2 Years - D2L Interfaces Refactoring the Grading Interfaces –Opportunity to make changes –Use disruption - Look for opportunities Refactor the Course Roster interface –Already using standards for data representation (IMS)

59 59 Building the ICC Critical Success Factor Looking at building an ICC Report to a Deputy CIO Service Team model (includes members from groups working on Web Services) –Middleware –Applications Development –Others

60 60 Conclusion Why SOA/Web Services? –Reduce the cost of maintaining interfaces. –Buffer systems from changes. –Protect data. Provide Security. –Transparency. –Enforcement of business rules (FERPA). This means Security, Governance and Policy

61 61 Conclusion ICC is critical. –Must be seen and helpful not an extra cost and burden to projects. Governance, Policy and Security are sticky issues We have opportunities in front of us right now (D2L, PS8.9, etc) The door has opened for SOA.

62 62 References 1. Enterprise Application Integration, Revere Group Presentation - June 26, Service-Oriented Architecture, A Field Guide to Integrating XML and Web Services, Thomas Erl - Prentice Hall 3. Introduction to Integration Compentency Centers, Darwinmag.com Enterprise Service Bus, David A. Chappell - O’Reilly 5. VantagePoint SOA Reality Check, Anne Thomas Manes, Burton Group

63 63 Thank you. Questions? SOA - UW’s Migration Strategy a.k.a. What is it and how do we get one? Jim Phelps, Sr. I.T. Architect, DoIT, UW-Madison EDUCAUSE MWRC06, March Copyright Jim Phelps, This work is the intellectual property of the author. Permission is granted for this material to be shared for non-commercial, educational purposes, provided that this copyright statement appears on the reproduced materials and notice is given that the copying is by permission of the author. To disseminate otherwise or to republish requires written permission from the author.


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