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Global Good Samaritans: Human rights foreign policy August 2010 Australia.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Good Samaritans: Human rights foreign policy August 2010 Australia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Good Samaritans: Human rights foreign policy August 2010 Australia

2 Why--Norms and globalization  Moral interdependence  Strat. interdependence: “human security”  Intl. community: intl. hr “regime”  Identity: roles, scripts  Governance: civil society, legitimacy  Socialization: politics of persuasion

3 The intl. hr regime: sometimes--“it takes a state”  Multilateral: ICC  Bilateral: S Afr sanctions  peace promotion: CR C Amer  Aid: Sweden c. $3 billion/year  Refugees: Sweden>10,000 Iraqis

4 Research design  Global map for necessary and sufficient conditions Thresholds: Thresholds: democracy,democracy, development,development, Secure globalizationSecure globalization Variables: Variables: Leadership, Leadership, civil society,civil society, ideologyideology  Case selection Leaders: Leaders: high inputs, high outcomes = Swedenhigh inputs, high outcomes = Sweden Laggards: Laggards: high inputs, low outcomes = Japanhigh inputs, low outcomes = Japan Least likely cases: Least likely cases: low inputs, high outcomes = Costa Ricalow inputs, high outcomes = Costa Rica Changes: NL, South Africa Changes: NL, South Africa

5 Sources of Reconstruction  States “most likely to succeed” (dozens) Small is beautiful; middle and regional powers Small is beautiful; middle and regional powers Secure: demilitarized, neutral, or sheltered Secure: demilitarized, neutral, or sheltered Global: Outward-oriented, linkages Global: Outward-oriented, linkages Democracy—deep, Parliamentary, equity (esp. gender) Democracy—deep, Parliamentary, equity (esp. gender) Regional placement: CR vs. Canada vs. Australia Regional placement: CR vs. Canada vs. Australia  Problems in any dimension pull down level of promotion

6 Activating the potential  Agents Charismatic leaders Charismatic leaders Foreign policy professionals Foreign policy professionals Civil society: Civil society: CosmopolitanCosmopolitan Connected to for. policyConnected to for. policy  Ideas Universalism Universalism Social democracy Social democracy Interdependence Interdependence Regional niche Regional niche  Again, lacks lead to limits

7 Canada as Global Good Samaritan— Inputs and outcomes Multilateral ICC, R2P Bilateral SA yes, China? Transnatl Kimberley Kimberley Aid Low but Haiti, demo % Peace promotion Afghanistan, landmines Refugees Nos., open to S Globalized Two-thirds trade econ DemocraticParliament Securitysheltered Leadership Trudeau, Axworthy Civil society Deep, cosmo, Quebec Ideology Charter, “other America”

8 Implications  National interest can be reconstructed  Some states build global governance  But need: Eternal vigilance Eternal vigilance Activate more laggards Activate more laggards Build “coalitions of the caring” Build “coalitions of the caring” Deepen global norms Deepen global norms Evaluate effectiveness Evaluate effectiveness

9 “Best practices”: doing well at doing good  Good-enough Samaritans: leverage inconsistency  Democracy begins at home: civil soc, equity  Coordinate policy: dev-security-hr  Fund from the bottom up  “It takes a Ministry”?: Where is hr placed? Level, mainstreaming, IO vs. policy Where is hr placed? Level, mainstreaming, IO vs. policy Foreign Ministry practices: rotations, country desks, Foreign Ministry practices: rotations, country desks, aid agency status: ind? Budget process aid agency status: ind? Budget process Refugees as poli vs. legal subjects, placement Refugees as poli vs. legal subjects, placement  Evaluate and learn  Venue-shop beyond borders  Institutionalize hr promotion; beyond charisma  Join “coalitions of the caring”

10 Australia: “Waltzing Matilda”? (Lawler)  Outputs: Multilateral and aid aspirations launched by Evans, but consistent under conservatives (like Sweden) Multilateral and aid aspirations launched by Evans, but consistent under conservatives (like Sweden) Bilateral tricky vis trade, transnatl (like Canada) Bilateral tricky vis trade, transnatl (like Canada) Timor intervention; demo, stability, or hr? Timor intervention; demo, stability, or hr? Refugee contradiction (like NL) Refugee contradiction (like NL)  Inputs: Dev demo secure middle power w growing multicult pop (like Canada) Dev demo secure middle power w growing multicult pop (like Canada) Commonwealth values; % think Aus “good international citizen” Commonwealth values; % think Aus “good international citizen” But regional barrier to universalism (like S Afr) But regional barrier to universalism (like S Afr) Neo-liberal post-9/11 U.S. “humanitarianism lite” Neo-liberal post-9/11 U.S. “humanitarianism lite”


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