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1 SEDNET The Multiagency Network for Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities Carl Coalson, Region 12 Project Manager Serving: Volusia, Flagler,

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Presentation on theme: "1 SEDNET The Multiagency Network for Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities Carl Coalson, Region 12 Project Manager Serving: Volusia, Flagler,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 SEDNET The Multiagency Network for Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities Carl Coalson, Region 12 Project Manager Serving: Volusia, Flagler, Putnam and St. Johns School Districts

2 Everybody’s a Trauma Informed Care E A C H E R

3 What is Trauma? The experience of violence and victimization including sexual abuse, physical abuse, severe neglect, loss, domestic violence and/or the witnessing of violence, terrorism or disasters. (National Association of state Mental Health Program Directors, 2006)

4 Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE’S) Recurrent and severe physical abuse Recurrent and severe emotional abuse Sexual Abuse Growing up in a household with: Alcohol or drug user Member being imprisoned Mentally ill, chronically depressed, or institutionalized member Mother being treated violently Both biological parents absent Emotional or physical abuse

5 Finding Your ACE Score While you were growing up, during your first 18 years of life: 1. Did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often… Swear at you, insult you, put you down, or humiliate you? or Act in a way that made you afraid that you might be physically hurt? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 2. Did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often… Push, grab, slap, or throw something at you? or Ever hit you so hard that you had marks or were injured? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 3. Did an adult or person at least 5 years older than you ever… Touch or fondle you or have you touch their body in a sexual way? or Attempt or actually have oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse with you? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 4. Did you often or very often feel that … No one in your family loved you or thought you were important or special? or Your family didn’t look out for each other, feel close to each other, or support each other? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________

6 5. Did you often or very often feel that … You didn’t have enough to eat, had to wear dirty clothes, and had no one to protect you? or Your parents were too drunk or high to take care of you or take you to the doctor if you needed it? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 6. Were your parents ever separated or divorced? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 7. Was your mother or stepmother: Often or very often pushed, grabbed, slapped, or had something thrown at her? or Sometimes, often, or very often kicked, bitten, hit with a fist, or hit with something hard? or Ever repeatedly hit at least a few minutes or threatened with a gun or knife? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 8. Did you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic or who used street drugs? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 9. Was a household member depressed or mentally ill, or did a household member attempt suicide? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 10. Did a household member go to prison? Yes No If yes enter 1 _______ Now add up your “Yes” answers: _______ This is your ACE Score.

7 ACE Study Based on ACE score of 4 COPD260% Hepatitis240% STD’s250% IV drug use(male child)4600% (6) Depression460% Attempted Suicide1220%

8 Studies show that kids in care have twice the post traumatic stress as the rate of US war vets.

9 Therefore……… “We need to presume the clients we serve have a history of traumatic stress and exercise ‘universal precautions’ by creating systems of care that are Trauma-informed.” (Hodas, 2005)

10 Everybody’s a Trauma Informed Care Educational disabilities A C H E R

11 MYTH: Children in Foster care experience disabilities at same rates as their same age peers. Answer: False. National data shows that youth in state care have disabilities at a greater rate than the general population – perhaps as high as 28% or more. The Well-being of Youth Involved in the DCF System: A National Overview, Katherine Kortenkamp and Jennifer Ehrle. The Urban Institute, January 2002

12 EDUCATIONAL DISABILITES Based on figures provided by CPC for end of school year children in Volusia County were living in a paid foster care setting. 83 of these children had an IEP (individualized Education Plan) Net result: Nearly 40% of children in foster care were classified as having an educational disability.

13 Everybody’s a Trauma Informed Care Educational disabilities Access to stability(home and in school) C H E R

14 MYTH: Changing schools is a small set back that children in foster care can easily overcome. Answer: False. Actually, research says when a student in foster care changes schools, an average of four to six months of educational progress is lost. (Calvin, Making a Difference in a Child’s Life, 2001)

15 Everybody’s a Trauma Informed Care Educational disabilities Access to stability(home and in school) Communication (how can we open the lines?) H E R

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17 Everybody’s a Trauma Informed Care Educational disabilities Access to stability(home and in school) Communication (how can we open the lines?) Health needs (physical and mental health) E R

18 MYTH: Infants and toddlers in foster care just need food, shelter and nurturing and they will be fine. Answer: False. A 2005 national study of youth in state care found that 40% of toddlers and 50% of pre- schooler’s had significant behavioral and developmental needs. Yet only 21% of the youth were receiving services. National Working Group on Foster Care and Education, Educational Outcomes for Youth in Foster and Out-of-Home Care (September 2007).

19 Everybody’s a Trauma Informed Care Educational disabilities Access to stability(home and in school) Communication (how can we open the lines?) Health needs (physical and mental health) Educational requirements for graduation R

20 Children in foster care earn diplomas at same rate as their peers. Answer: False. DCF’s test analysis of youth who aged out of care in 2007 showed that 40% had dropped out of school in contrast to 16% of all youth. DCF’s 2007 Independent Living survey showed that 55% of 17 year olds are below grade level and 58% of 17 year olds failed the FCAT.

21 Everybody’s a Trauma Informed Care Educational disabilities Access to stability(home and in school) Communication (how can we open the lines?) Health needs (physical and mental health) Educational requirements for graduation Remember to ask the “kids”


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