Procedure (Teacher) Analyze the material to be read. Determine the major ideas- implicit and explicit- with which you want students to interact. Write those ideas in short, clear, declarative statements. These statements should in some way reflect the world in which the students live or about which they already know. Therefore, avoid abstractions whenever possible. Put these statements in a format that will elicit anticipation, prediction, and interaction with the text.
Points About Creating Statements When creating the Anticipation Guide, write statements that: focus on the information in the text that you want your students to focus on or think about. are chronological in order. students can react to without having read the text. information can be identified in the text that supports and/or opposes each statement. challenge students’ beliefs about the subject, yet are plausible. are general rather than specific. (eg. “What is the 4 th word on the 6 th paragraph on page 49?”)
Mathematics Example Directions: Before reading pages 318-319 in your mathematics book, read each statement and circle in the left column if you agree or disagree with each statement. Before ReadingAfter Reading Agree DisagreeDecimals are whole numbers.Agree Disagree You can always recognize a decimal number because it always has a decimal point. Agree Disagree Decimals are not related to fractions. Agree Disagree
Procedure (Student) Answer the left column Discuss the answers Critically read the text Answer the right column Discuss the answers
Variations Add a column for students to write down a page number and paragraph from the text to defend their answer. Before Reading Statement After Reading Page & Paragraph Yes No A fungus doesn’t make its own food. Yes No Fungi always harm the living things from which they get their food. Yes No We have not discovered any helpful fungi. Yes No Fungi can only live on things that once were alive. Yes No
Variations Add space for students to defend answers Before Reading Statement After Reading Yes No Security and Privacy can “make or break” an e-commerce business. Yes No Defense: Yes NoThe right to privacy is an absolute right.Yes No Defense: Yes NoHacking and viruses are considered to be illegal activities.Yes No Defense: Yes NoBoth security and privacy address moral and psychological needs.Yes No Defense:
Your Turn! Before Reading Statement After Reading Yes No You are 5 times more likely to get into an accident if texting while driving. Yes No Defense: Yes No Using a “headset” cell phone is safer than using a “hand-held” device. Yes No Defense: Yes No Teens are no more likely to get into a crash than their adult counterparts. Yes No Defense:
Direct Application Using your own teaching materials, brainstorm and jot down possible ideas on a lesson where you could use an anticipation guide in your content area. Come up with specific concepts you would like your students to touch on, statements that will lead your students to those concepts, which (if any) variations you’d like to use, etc. Be prepared to share your ideas with a neighbor.
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