5Regular verbs are verbs that…. …. end with - edPresent simplePast simpleWalkStudyCryLiveWalkedStudiedCriedLived
6Irregular verbs are verbs that… … do not end with - ed
7Some irregular verbs have a vowel change: Present simplebecomegivedriveforgetPast simplebecamegavedroveforgotלהיות/להפוךלתתלנהוגלשכוח
8Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change: Present simpleteachbringleavehearbuyPast simpletaughtbroughtleftheardboughtללמדלהביאלעזובלשמועלקנות
9And some do not change at all: Present simplehitputsetPast simplehitputsetלהרביץ/להכותלשיםלערוך (שולחן)
10Examples: Sometimes, I hit my brother. (present) Yesterday, I hit my brother. (past)I put my books on my desk before class begins. (present)Yesterday, I put my books on my desk. (past)The children set the dinner table every evening. (present)Last week, the waiter set the table at the restaurant. (past)
11Positive statements with regular verbs When we want to say something in the past simple using a regular verb, we add an –ed.verb + edExamples:You workedWe workedI workedThey workedHe workedYou worked
12Negative statements with regular/irregular verbs When we want to say a negative statement using the past simple, we use the helping verb “to do”.Present simpledo not or does notPast simpledid notI did not like the book.I do not like the book.
13Negative statements with regular/irregular verbs did not + verbExamples:Yesterday, he did not clean his room.They did not work.We did not buy toys.She did not drink.
14Asking yes/no questions When we ask yes/no questions using the past simple, we put the “to do” helping verb first.Did + subject + verbExample:Did you finish your homework?Helping verbverbsubject
15Did you finish your homework? Example:Did you finish your homework?Helping verbverbsubject
16Answering yes/no questions When we answer a yes/no question, we have two options:YESNO
17So…..Did you finish your homework?Yes,I didI did notNo,
18WH Questions WH word + did + subject + verb + ? Examples: When did he leave?Where did she go?What did you study yesterday?Why did we cry?
20The verb “to be” The verb “to be” is special. Present simple I amYou areHe/She/It isWe areThey arePast simpleI wasYou wereHe/She/It wasWe wereThey were
21Positive statements in the past simple with the verb “to be” wasYesterday, I __________________ sick.Last week, my parents ____________ at work.Last year, my family ______________ on vacation in Rome.Last time I ___________ here, you _________ very quiet.werewaswaswere
22Negative statements with the verb “to be” When we want to say a negative statement in the past simple using the verb “to be”, we use:was + notorwere + not
23Examples: was not Yesterday, I __________________ sick. Last week, my parents ____________ at work.Last year, my family ______________ on vacation in Rome.Yesterday, I ___________ here.were notwas notwas not
24Yes/No question using “to be” When we ask yes/no questions with the verb “to be” it always appears first.Was he there?Yes, he was.No, he was not.Were they at party yesterday?No, they were not.Yes, they were.
25Yes/No questions with “to be” Was / were + subject
26WH questions with the verb “to be” When we ask a WH question using the verb “to be” , the WH question always appears first.Whywas he late to class?Wherewere they happy?Whatwas wrong?was he sad?Whywas sad?Who
27Whywas he late to class?Wherewere they happy?Whatwas wrong?Whywas he sad?Whowas sad?WH word + was/were + subject + adjectiveWho + was/were
28Who + was / were רק כאשר אנו שואלים: מי הוא היה? מי הם היו? אז אנחנו מוסיפים את ה - subjectWho was he?Who + was/were + subjectבמקרה זה, אנו יודעים פרטים על ה – subject (he, she, they) אך איננו בטוחים לגבי זהותם.Who were they?