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The Past Simple.

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Presentation on theme: "The Past Simple."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Past Simple

2 The Past Simple REGULAR IRREGULAR
The past simple has 2 types of verbs: REGULAR IRREGULAR

3 Which of these verbs are regular? Which ones are irregular?
taught walked studied gave became cried lived did irregular regular regular irregular irregular regular regular irregular

4 WHY?

5 Regular verbs are verbs that….
…. end with - ed Present simple Past simple Walk Study Cry Live Walked Studied Cried Lived

6 Irregular verbs are verbs that…
… do not end with - ed

7 Some irregular verbs have a vowel change:
Present simple become give drive forget Past simple became gave drove forgot להיות/להפוך לתת לנהוג לשכוח

8 Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change:
Present simple teach bring leave hear buy Past simple taught brought left heard bought ללמד להביא לעזוב לשמוע לקנות

9 And some do not change at all:
Present simple hit put set Past simple hit put set להרביץ/להכות לשים לערוך (שולחן)

10 Examples: Sometimes, I hit my brother. (present)
Yesterday, I hit my brother. (past) I put my books on my desk before class begins. (present) Yesterday, I put my books on my desk. (past) The children set the dinner table every evening. (present) Last week, the waiter set the table at the restaurant. (past)

11 Positive statements with regular verbs
When we want to say something in the past simple using a regular verb, we add an –ed. verb + ed Examples: You worked We worked I worked They worked He worked You worked

12 Negative statements with regular/irregular verbs
When we want to say a negative statement using the past simple, we use the helping verb “to do”. Present simple do not or does not Past simple did not I did not like the book. I do not like the book.

13 Negative statements with regular/irregular verbs
did not + verb Examples: Yesterday, he did not clean his room. They did not work. We did not buy toys. She did not drink.

14 Asking yes/no questions
When we ask yes/no questions using the past simple, we put the “to do” helping verb first. Did + subject + verb Example: Did you finish your homework? Helping verb verb subject

15 Did you finish your homework?
Example: Did you finish your homework? Helping verb verb subject

16 Answering yes/no questions
When we answer a yes/no question, we have two options: YES NO

17 So….. Did you finish your homework? Yes, I did I did not No,

18 WH Questions WH word + did + subject + verb + ? Examples:
When did he leave? Where did she go? What did you study yesterday? Why did we cry?

19 Past simple The verb “to be”

20 The verb “to be” The verb “to be” is special. Present simple
I am You are He/She/It is We are They are Past simple I was You were He/She/It was We were They were

21 Positive statements in the past simple with the verb “to be”
was Yesterday, I __________________ sick. Last week, my parents ____________ at work. Last year, my family ______________ on vacation in Rome. Last time I ___________ here, you _________ very quiet. were was was were

22 Negative statements with the verb “to be”
When we want to say a negative statement in the past simple using the verb “to be”, we use: was + not or were + not

23 Examples: was not Yesterday, I __________________ sick.
Last week, my parents ____________ at work. Last year, my family ______________ on vacation in Rome. Yesterday, I ___________ here. were not was not was not

24 Yes/No question using “to be”
When we ask yes/no questions with the verb “to be” it always appears first. Was he there? Yes, he was. No, he was not. Were they at party yesterday? No, they were not. Yes, they were.

25 Yes/No questions with “to be”
Was / were + subject

26 WH questions with the verb “to be”
When we ask a WH question using the verb “to be” , the WH question always appears first. Why was he late to class? Where were they happy? What was wrong? was he sad? Why was sad? Who

27 Why was he late to class? Where were they happy? What was wrong? Why was he sad? Who was sad? WH word + was/were + subject + adjective Who + was/were

28 Who + was / were רק כאשר אנו שואלים: מי הוא היה? מי הם היו?
אז אנחנו מוסיפים את ה - subject Who was he? Who + was/were + subject במקרה זה, אנו יודעים פרטים על ה – subject (he, she, they) אך איננו בטוחים לגבי זהותם. Who were they?

29 John Denver

30 John Denver John Denver was an American singer.
He had a lot of famous songs. He died in an airplane crash in 1997. This Old Guitar


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