Presentation on theme: "The Past Simple The past simple has 2 types of verbs: REGULAR IRREGULAR."— Presentation transcript:
The Past Simple
The past simple has 2 types of verbs: REGULAR IRREGULAR
Which of these verbs are regular? Which ones are irregular? taught walked studied gave became cried lived did irregular regular irregular regular
Regular verbs are verbs that…. …. end with - ed Present simplePast simple Walk Study Cry Live Walk ed Studi ed Cri ed Liv ed
Irregular verbs are verbs that… do not … do not end with - ed
Some irregular verbs have a vowel change: Present simple bec o me g i ve dr i ve forg e t Past simple bec a me g a ve dr o ve forg o t להיות / להפו ך לתת לנהוג לשכוח
Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change: Present simple teach bring leave hear buy Past simple taught brought left heard bought ללמד להביא לעזוב לשמוע לקנות
And some do not change at all: Present simple hit put set Past simple hit put set להרביץ / להכות לשים לערוך ( שולחן )
Examples: Sometimes, I hit my brother. (present) Yesterday, I hit my brother. (past) I put my books on my desk before class begins. (present) Yesterday, I put my books on my desk. (past) The children set the dinner table every evening. (present) Last week, the waiter set the table at the restaurant. (past)
Positive statements with regular verbs When we want to say something in the past simple using a regular verb, we add an –ed. verb + ed Examples: I worked You worked He worked They worked We worked You worked
Negative statements with regular/irregular verbs When we want to say a negative statement using the past simple, we use the helping verb “to do”. Present simple do not or does not Past simple did not I do not like the book. I did not like the book.
Negative statements with regular/irregular verbs Examples: Yesterday, he did not clean his room. did not + verb They did not work. She did not drink. We did not buy toys.
Asking yes/no questions When we ask yes/no questions using the past simple, we put the “to do” helping verb first. Did + subject + verb Example: Did you finish your homework? Helping verb subject verb
Example : Did you finish your homework? Helping verb subject verb
Answering yes/no questions When we answer a yes/no question, we have two options: YES NO
So….. Did you finish your homework? Yes, No, I did I did not
WH Questions WH word + did + subject + verb + ? Examples: When did he leave? Where did she go? What did you study yesterday? Why did we cry?
Past simple The verb “to be”
The verb “to be” is special. Present simple I am You are He/She/It is You are We are They are Past simple I was You were He/She/It was You were We were They were
Positive statements in the past simple with the verb “to be” Yesterday, I __________________ sick. Last week, my parents ____________ at work. Last year, my family ______________ on vacation in Rome. Last time I ___________ here, you _________ very quiet. was were was were
Negative statements with the verb “to be” When we want to say a negative statement in the past simple using the verb “to be”, we use: was + not or were + not
Examples : Yesterday, I __________________ sick. Last week, my parents ____________ at work. Last year, my family ______________ on vacation in Rome. Yesterday, I ___________ here. was not were not was not
Yes/No question using “to be” When we ask yes/no questions with the verb “to be” it always appears first. Was he there? Were they at party yesterday? Yes, he was. No, he was not. No, they were not.Yes, they were.
Yes/No questions with “to be” Was / were + subject
WH questions with the verb “to be” When we ask a WH question using the verb “to be”, the WH question always appears first. Whywas he late to class? Wherewere they happy? Whatwas wrong? Why was he sad? Who was sad?
Why was he late to class? Where were they happy? What was wrong? Whywas he sad? Who was sad? WH word + was/were + subject + adjective Who + was/were
רק כאשר אנו שואלים: –מי הוא היה? –מי הם היו? אז אנחנו מוסיפים את ה - subject Who was he? Who were they? Who + was/were + subject במקרה זה, אנו יודעים פרטים על ה – subject (he, she, they) אך איננו בטוחים לגבי זהותם.
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