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Chest wall, thoracic cavity and pleura Sanjaya Adikari Department of Anatomy
Important landmarks on the thorax
Muscles of the thoracic wall
Thracic outlet syndrome Thoracic inlet/ Superior thoracic aperture Thoracic outlet/ Inferior thoracic aperture
Structures related to the 1 st Rib
Nerves & vessels of the thoracic wall vanvan
Arrangement of the pleura
MCMABack Lung6810 Pleura
Thoracocentesis & intercostal nerve block
Bucket-handle Pump-handle Breathing movements of thoracic wall
Pneumothorax Collapse of the lung Pleural effusion Haemothorax Pyothorax Chylothorax What is tension pneumothorax?
Normal Chest X-ray PALateral
Triangle of auscultation Thoracic wall is relatively thin Respiratory sounds are clear over this area
Mediastinum and Heart Sanjaya Adikari Department of Anatomy.
Thorax, Pleural Cavity. Bones sternum - all landmarks 12 ribs, costal cartilages - all landmarks 12 thoracic vertebrae - all landmarks.
ANATOMY OF THE THORAX Dr. Heba Al-Hussaini Assistant professor Department of Anatomy Faculty of Medicine 11/12/2012.
Chest Drain - fundamentals. Pleural Aspiration –Tension Pneumothorax 2 nd intercostal space midclavicular line Use venflon or central line catheter (avoid.
Thoracic wall -Skin -Superficial fascia -deep fascia.
Ch. 22 Chest and Abdomen. Objectives Describe the anatomy of the thoracic cavity. Describe the structures and functions of the organs and respiration.
Thorax Region of the body between the neck and abdomen Flattened in front and behind, but rounded on the sides thoracic cage The bony framework.
Pleural Disease. Air in the pleural cavity –Pneumothorax: from airway or from atmosphere.
Diseases of the pleura 1-Spontaneous pneumothorax Is the accumulation of air inside the pleural cavity, occurring without any known etiology.More in males,more.
Respiratory Pleural and Thoracic Injury. Pleural injury : Normal physiology- visceral, parietal pleura & pleural space.
Trachea, Bronchial Tree & Pleura Dr. Sama ul Haque Dr Rania Gabr.
SPPA 2050 Speech Anatomy & Physiology Respiration.
Chapter 19 Inspiration and Expiration. Ventilation Breathing – Movement of air from outside the body into the bronchial tree and alveoli and then back.
9.3 Regulation of Breathing Movements & Respiratory Disorders.
Physiology of respiratory system. External breathing.
Mechanics of Breathing. Events of Respiration Pulmonary ventilation – moving air in and out of the lungs External respiration – gas exchange between.
Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Marieb Chapter 22: The Respiratory System Part A.
THE THORACIC REGION DESCRIPTION: This is the part of the trunk, which is located between the root of the neck and the superior border of the abdominal.
Pneumothorax. Pneumothorax Defined Definition – “What?” “Pneumo”- gas “Thorax” – chest cavity Analagous to Pleural Effusion Pathophysiology –
Pulmonary Circulation- THIS IS A REVIEW!!!! ______________ blood enters the lungs from ______ ventricle of heart through the pulmonary ______. Pulmonary.
Thorax & Thoracic Wall. Muscles of Respiration. Pleurae & Pleural Cavities. Respiratory Movements.
Dr Archna Ghildiyal Associate Professor Deptt of physiology KGMU.
Health assessment Respiratory system. Introduction Respiratory system ◦ Exchange of gases in the body ◦ Intake of oxygen and release of carbon dioxide.
The pleura is divided into two major types, based on location: 1. Parietal pleura 2. Visceral pleura Each pleural cavity is the potential space enclosed.
Breathing Breathing- (aka ventilation), The process through which the respiratory system moves air into and out of the lungs. In contrast, Respiration.
CHEST TUBE INSERTION Dr. Gwen Hollaar. Chest Cavity Punctured lung from rib fracture or penetrating injury to chest causes air &/or blood in space between.
Chapter 22 Chest Injuries. Chapter 22: Chest Injuries 2 Differentiate between a pneumothorax, a hemothorax, a tension pneumothorax, and a sucking chest.
Mechanics of Breathing November 28, Mechanics of Breathing November 28, 2015.
Chapter 2 Chest. The Bony Thorax Protects the lungs and great vessels 2 Clavicles 2 Scapulae 1 Sternum 12 Rib Pairs 12 Thoracic Vertebrae.
Structure of the thoracic wall Dr. Hassan S Shaibah.
Lungs Occupy _____________________________________ _ except the mediastinum – site of vascular and bronchial attachments – anterior, lateral, and posterior.
12 November 2008 Respiratory Physiology Mostly white board diagrams in class today covering: 5L blood over tennis court = huge surface area for gas exchange.
Presentation 3: TRAUMA Emergency Care CLS 243 Dr.Bushra Bilal.
Perform a Needle Decompression Treat an Open Chest Wound and.
Radiology Packet 13 Thorax – Pleural cavity. 7-year old MC DSH Hx: Presented for evaluation of progressive respiratory distress. History obtained from.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. I. Anterior intercostal veins: - They correspond to the anterior intercostal arteries. - They drain into the venae comitantes.
Learning objectives: 1.Must say what the job of the lungs is and name the main parts 2.Should describe the special features the lungs have to do their.
Thoracic cavity ( Mediastinum, Pleura) Mrs. Benish Islam Coordinator Lecturer Surgical (IPMS) KMU.
The Respiratory system Pulmonary ventilation – Chp 16 Respiration.
Respiratory Physiology Part I BIO 219 Dr. Adam Ross Napa Valley College.
Dr. Rehan Clinical anatomy of thoracic cage and cavity-1.
Chest Surface and Pleura Cavity Advanced Anatomy & Physiology Tony Serino, Ph.D. Biology Department Misericordia Univ.
Dr. Mujahid Khan. The pleurae and lungs lie on either side of the mediastinum within the chest cavity Each pleura has two parts: Parietal layer.
Mesothelioma. Is a malignant tumour of pleura, usually resulting from asbestos exposure. Asbestos is the major single cause and there is a history of.
Chapter 17 Mechanics of Breathing. About this Chapter The respiratory system Gas laws Ventilation.
Thorax Intercostal Spaces. Intercostal spaces Separate the ribs and their costal cartilages from one another. The spaces are named according to the rib.
Pneumothorax Caroline Violette. What is Pneumothorax? A collapsed lung, or pneumothorax, is the collection of air in the space around the lungs; this.
Chest Tube Management NUR 171. Objectives 1.Describe anatomy & physiology of the chest relating to chest drainage 2.Describe conditions requiring pleural.
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