Presentation on theme: "JEAI = Young Research-Team = YRT To help groups of researchers to build A RESEARCH TEAM through partnership with IRD. The scopes: - to become WORLD CLASS."— Presentation transcript:
JEAI = Young Research-Team = YRT To help groups of researchers to build A RESEARCH TEAM through partnership with IRD. The scopes: - to become WORLD CLASS CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE - to ACHIEVE INTERNATIONAL VISIBILITY.
The project proposed in 2013: Soil functioning changes under tree cultivation: the case of rubber tree in North-East Thailand and Northern Laos. ECO-RUBBER: Why and what benefit for KKU?
Why? Let’s put this project in a more general context…
IN THE PAST 50 YEARS……. +12% +117 % +200 % World’s cultivated land Irrigated area Agricultural production Agriculture = successful intensification…
The agronomical success also had… high ecological and environmental costs!
The begining of intensive agriculture: chemical fertilisers:
: HIGH LEVEL OF INPUTS… Degradation of different terrestrial/aquatic ecosystems.. Degradation of the soil itself!
Soils of varying degradation status (low to high) show increasing degradation trends (GLADIS, 2011): Soil degradation status and trends –Water and wind erosion –Nutrient and SOM depletion –Acidification –Salinisation –Compaction –Contamination
SOILS: SYSTEMS AT RISK… B - A risk of progressive breakdown of the soils’ productive capacity, -driven by demographic pressure and unsustainable agricultural practices.
Soil functioning changes under tree cultivation: the case of rubber tree in North-East Thailand and Northern Laos. WHY ‘ECO-RUBBER’ ?
Soils: - non renewable resource in very limited amount, - already degraded, especially in SEA (except Lao PDR…) Food production is no more increasing, when population and its needs are constantly increasing… an opportunity for soil rehabilitation ? Tree plantations: a risk for food production? or…
Fast expansion for economical reasons (cannot be stopped) can we use them for soil rehabilitatation? WHY ‘tree plantations’ ? Inter-disciplinary reasearch in soil ecology.
Fast expansion for economical reasons (cannot be stopped) good example of this fast expansion, even in marginal areas WHY ‘rubber plantations’ ?
==> does it really improve farmers income at long term? (socio-economical aspects)
WHY ‘rubber in NET & N Lao PDR’ ? -Incentives in Thailand -Moratorium/standstill in Lao
“Strong Thailand Action Plan 2012” : to push development of research of the country on international level, with Khon Kaen University as one of the selected universities. Opening of the Research Equipment Center: Having good tools (world class quality tools) will enhance the work made by researchers. ==> cursus ‘soil functionnal ecology’ (unique in Asean). ==> expertise in ecology.
- access to a world hotspot of biodiversity, - broaden the view of researchers on soil ecology. Cooperation with NUOL: Thank you for your attention!