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1 of 21 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 The imperfect This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For.

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Presentation on theme: "1 of 21 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 The imperfect This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 of 21 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 The imperfect This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the User Guide presentation. This icon indicates that the slide contains sound.

2 © Boardworks Ltd 20062 of 21 An introduction to the imperfect tense 1

3 © Boardworks Ltd 20063 of 21 An introduction to the imperfect tense 2 Many of the Boucle d’Or sentences use the imperfect tense of the verb être, meaning was or were. You have probably already met this, perhaps when talking about things you have done in the past. For example: J’ai visité la Tour Eiffel. C’était très intéressant. – I visited the Eiffel Tower. It was very interesting. For example: J’ai visité la Tour Eiffel. C’était très intéressant. – I visited the Eiffel Tower. It was very interesting. Using the imperfect tense of être is also very useful when you are describing what people, objects or activities were like. For example: Quand j’étais petite, j’étais timide et nerveuse. Maintenant je suis travailleuse et sûre de moi! For example: Quand j’étais petite, j’étais timide et nerveuse. Maintenant je suis travailleuse et sûre de moi!

4 © Boardworks Ltd 20064 of 21 J’ Tu Il/elle Nous Vous Ils/elles étais était étions étiez étaient I was / used to be he/she was / used to be you were / used to be we were / used to be you were / used to be they were / used to be Être in the imperfect tense 1 Here is the verb être in full in the imperfect tense.

5 © Boardworks Ltd 20065 of 21 Être in the imperfect tense 2

6 © Boardworks Ltd 20066 of 21 describes something that happened frequently or regularly in the past Uses of the imperfect tense 1 Whereas the perfect tense describes a single completed action in the past, the imperfect tense... is used for descriptions in the past, such as describing what the weather was like or giving your opinion of something you did tells us what something used to be like describes something that went on for a long period of time is used to translate was …ing and were …ing.

7 © Boardworks Ltd 20067 of 21 Describing something that happened frequently or regularly in the past – for instance: Quand j’avais 10 ans, je faisais de la natation deux fois par semaine. – When I was 10, I went swimming twice a week. Uses of the imperfect tense 2

8 © Boardworks Ltd 20068 of 21 General descriptions in the past. E.g.: La maison était énorme. – The house was enormous. Uses of the imperfect tense 3 Describing what the weather was like. E.g.: Hier, il y avait du soleil. – Yesterday it was sunny. Giving your opinion of something you did. E.g.: J’ai mangé du poulet - c’était délicieux. – I ate some chicken – it was delicious.

9 © Boardworks Ltd 20069 of 21 Saying what something used to be like: Quand j’étais petite, je mangeais beaucoup de bonbons. – When I was small, I used to eat lots of sweets. Uses of the imperfect tense 4

10 © Boardworks Ltd 200610 of 21 Describing something that went on for a long period of time: Quand j’étais petite, j’habitais à la campagne et nous avions deux chats. – When I was small, I lived in the country and we had two cats. Uses of the imperfect tense 5

11 © Boardworks Ltd 200611 of 21 Was …ing and were …ing If you want to translate was or were doing something, you must use the imperfect tense. E.g.: Je faisais mes devoirs quand la prof est entrée dans la salle de classe. – I was doing my homework when the teacher came in the classroom. Uses of the imperfect tense 6

12 © Boardworks Ltd 200612 of 21 The meaning of the imperfect tense For example, j’allais could mean… I went I used to go I was going For example, j’allais could mean… I went I used to go I was going The meaning of the imperfect tense changes depending on the context.

13 © Boardworks Ltd 200613 of 21 nous jouons Formation of the imperfect tense 1 1Take the nous part of the present tense 2Take away the nous and the -ons ending 3Add the following endings: je jouaistu jouaisil jouaitelle jouaitnous jouionsvous jouiezils jouaientelles jouaient jejouais tujouais il / elle / onjouait nousjouions vousjouiez ils / ellesjouaient

14 © Boardworks Ltd 200614 of 21 E.g. avoir – to have Present tense nous part = nous avons j’avais tuavais il / elle / onavait nousavions vousaviez ils / ellesavaient Formation of the imperfect tense 2 This method also works for verbs which are irregular in the present tense.

15 © Boardworks Ltd 200615 of 21 E.g. manger – to eat Present tense nous part = nous mangeons jemangeais tumangeais il / elle / onmangeait nousmangions (no extra -e needed) vousmangiez (no extra -e needed) ils / ellesmangeaient Formation of the imperfect tense 3 Take care over verbs which take an extra -e in the nous part of the present tense, and in some parts of the imperfect tense in order to make the g sound soft.

16 © Boardworks Ltd 200616 of 21 E.g. commencer – to start present tense nous part = nous commençons jecommençais tucommençais il / elle / oncommençait nouscommencions (no -ç needed) vouscommenciez (no -ç needed) ils / ellescommençaient Formation of the imperfect tense 4 Similarly, with verbs like commencer, a -ç is needed rather than a c to make the sound soft in some parts of the imperfect tense.

17 © Boardworks Ltd 200617 of 21 The imperfect tense 1

18 © Boardworks Ltd 200618 of 21 The imperfect tense 2

19 © Boardworks Ltd 200619 of 21 The perfect & imperfect tenses 1

20 © Boardworks Ltd 200620 of 21 The perfect & imperfect tenses 2 The perfect and imperfect tenses are often used together. The perfect tense is used for completed actions in the past. The perfect and imperfect tenses are often used together. The perfect tense is used for completed actions in the past. E.g. Nous avons déjeuné dans une petite crêperie. Paul and his friends ate in the crêperie on one particular day of their holiday - now both the meal and the holiday are over. E.g. Nous avons déjeuné dans une petite crêperie. Paul and his friends ate in the crêperie on one particular day of their holiday - now both the meal and the holiday are over. The imperfect tense is used for descriptions in the past, weather, regular and repeated actions, ‘was - ing’ and ‘were -ing’ and for giving opinions. E.g. La région était très belle. Le terrain de camping était assez petit. Tous les soirs on cuisinait sur le camping-gaz. E.g. La région était très belle. Le terrain de camping était assez petit. Tous les soirs on cuisinait sur le camping-gaz.

21 © Boardworks Ltd 200621 of 21 The perfect & imperfect tenses 3


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