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Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin

2 6-2 Prospecting: The Lifeblood of Selling Chapter 6

3 The Golden Rule: Prospecting Remember  People buy from those they know and trust  Prospecting is not easy unless you focus on helping, not selling  People who trust you give referrals  Referrals take the burden of prospecting off the salesperson  Referrals are earned through integrity, trust, and character 6-3

4 Exhibit 6.1: The Selling Process Has 10 Important Steps The sales process is a sequential series of actions 10. Follow-up & Service 10. Follow-up & Service 9. Close 9. Close 8. Trial close 8. Trial close 7. Meet objections 7. Meet objections 6. Determine objections 6. Determine objections 5. Trial close 5. Trial close 4. Presentation 4. Presentation Product SELLs Product SELLs Marketing Plan SELLs Marketing Plan SELLs Business Proposition SELLS Business Proposition SELLS 3. Approach 3. Approach 2. Preapproach/Planning 2. Preapproach/Planning 1. Prospect/Customer 1. Prospect/Customer6-4

5 Some Prospect, Some Do Not Many salespeople prospect, both those selling business-to-business and those selling to consumers Examples are:  Financial services as life insurance  Real estate 6-5

6 Compensation for the Salesperson that Prospects is Often: Based upon 100% commission – if you do not sell, you do not earn 6-6

7 Some Prospect, Some Do Not, cont… Many organizations do not prospect Examples are large consumer goods firms as General Mills* and Colgate* * products and associated images used for illustrative purposes only 6-7

8 Compensation for the Salesperson that Does Not Prospect is Often: Based upon mostly salary with a small bonus and expenses such as car and office supplies paid If you do not sell you still get paid, but not for very long 6-8

9 The Prospector Has the Most Challenging Sales Career This is the “order getter” who:  Finds a lead  Converts the lead into a prospect  Sells one day, and  Sells in the future too WOW! That is a challenge 6-9

10 Steps Before the Sales Presentation Prospecting > appointment > planning Rule of thumb  40% preparation  20% presentation  40% follow-up 6-10

11 Exhibit 6.2: Before the Sales Presentation ProspectingObtaining an appointmentPreapproach planning 6-11

12 Prospecting–The Lifeblood of Selling Prospect – qualified person Prospecting – Identifies potential customer Lead – only know name 6-12

13 Prospecting–The Lifeblood of Selling Qualified prospect is MAD  Money to buy?  Authority to buy?  Desire to buy? Sales Prospecting Funnel  All leads and prospects must be considered and filtered through the MAD process before they become qualified prospects 6-13

14 The Leaking Bucket Customer Concept All salespeople lose X amount of sales and customers per year. This is illustrated in the Leaking Bucket Customer Concept:  Customers come into the top and leave through a hole in the bottom 6-14

15 Where to Find Prospects Sources may be varied or few Persons selling different services and goods might not use the same sources 6-15

16 Planning a Prospecting Strategy Prospecting requires a strategy A skill that can be constantly improved 6-16

17 Exhibit 6.4: Prospecting Methods that Work! Prospecting is the lifeblood of selling. While some salespeople don’t have to prospect, most rely on prospecting to increase sales and make money. Here are 12 popular methods:  E-Prospecting  Cold canvassing  Endless chain – customer referral  Orphaned customers  Sales lead clubs  Prospect lists  Get published  Public exhibitions and demonstrations  Centre of influence  Direct mail  Telephone and telemarketing  Observation  Networking Which methods use referrals from customers and other people? 6-17

18 Prospecting Methods E-prospecting on the Web  Individuals  Organizations Cold canvassing Endless chain – customer referral Orphaned customers Sales lead clubs 6-18

19 Prospecting Methods, cont… Prospect lists Become an expert – get published Public exhibitions and demonstrations Center of influence Direct mail Telephone and telemarketing Observation Networking 6-19

20 Exhibit 6.5: The Processing System Within a Telemarketing Center 6-20

21 Exhibit 6.6: Reports From a Telemarketing Center to Other Marketing Groups Within the Firm Advertising  Inquiries per advertisement  Profiles of respondents  Sales-conversion rates per advertisement Market Management  Segment analyses  Marginal-account identification Marketing Research  Demographic data  Image and attitude  Forecasting data Physical Distribution  Consumers’ orders  Distributor’s orders  Tracing and dispatching  Shipment requirements  Inventory requirements  Product return needs  Customer-service needs Product Management  Sales per product  Questions and complaints  Consumer profiles Sales Management  Lead qualification  Marginal-account status 6-21

22 Prospecting Guidelines Three criteria are: 1.Customize to each prospect 2.Concentrate on high potential customers fruit 3.Call back on no-buys Always keep knocking on prospect’s and customer’s door to help them 6-22

23 Referrals Are Used in Most Prospecting Methods  Cold canvassing  Endless chain customer referrals  Orphaned customers  Sales lead clubs  Public exhibitions and demonstrations  Center of influence  Telephone  Networking 6-23

24 The Prospect Pool Leads Referrals Orphans Your customers 6-24

25 Exhibit 6.7: Components of the Prospect Pool 6-25

26 The Referral Cycle Obtaining referrals is a continuous process without beginning or end Referral cycle – when and how to ask for referrals The parallel referral sale  Sell the product to person  Obtain prospect name(s) from person 6-26

27 The Referral Cycle, cont… The secret is to ask correctly during referral cycle  The preapproach contact phase  The presentation  Product delivery contact phase  Service and follow-up contact phase: Customer service 6-27

28 Exhibit 6.8: The Referral Cycle: When to Ask for Referrals 6-28

29 Don’t Mistreat the Referral Mistreatment can have a ripple effect The mistreated referral tells your customer – you may lose both! Remember to follow the Golden Rule 6-29

30 Treat the Referral Like a Customer Once you have sold the referral, and gotten more referrals, ask the new customer to contact the referring customer on her experience with the salesperson Now you have two customers giving referrals This can create an endless chain of referrals quickly filling your prospect pool with only customers and referrals Now, no more cold calling 6-30

31 Call Reluctance Costs You Money! Call reluctance refers to not wanting to contact a prospect or customer For many salespeople, owning up to call reluctance is the most difficult part of combating it Call reluctance keeps you from:  Helping others  Earning what you’re worth 6-31

32 Obtaining the Sales Interview Key factor in selling process is obtaining a sales interview The benefits of appointment making  Telephone appointment  Personally making the appointment Believe in yourself Develop friends in the prospect’s firm Call at the right time on the right person Do not waste time waiting 6-32

33 Wireless E-Mail Helps you Keep in Contact and Prospect Wireless E-mail helps keep the sales representative mobile. 6-33

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