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USR-WS (Beijing) Oct. 30 – Nov. 1, 2012 K. Soutome (JASRI / SPring-8) on behalf of SPring-8 Upgrade Working Group Injection Scheme for the SPring-8 Upgrade.

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Presentation on theme: "USR-WS (Beijing) Oct. 30 – Nov. 1, 2012 K. Soutome (JASRI / SPring-8) on behalf of SPring-8 Upgrade Working Group Injection Scheme for the SPring-8 Upgrade."— Presentation transcript:

1 USR-WS (Beijing) Oct. 30 – Nov. 1, 2012 K. Soutome (JASRI / SPring-8) on behalf of SPring-8 Upgrade Working Group Injection Scheme for the SPring-8 Upgrade cf.) SPring-8 Upgrade Plan Preliminary Report (Jan. 2012)

2 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic  x = 25 m,  y = 8 m SPring-8 II, 6BA Lattice

3 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is  x = 25 m,  y = 8 m SPring-8 II, 6BA Lattice

4 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector. Emittance:  60 pmrad (projected) Energy Spread: 0.05 % (rms) Bunch Length: < 100 fs (rms) Electron Charge:  300 pC Repetition Rate: 1 Hz (  60 Hz) SACLA Storage Ring Booster Beam Parameters (8GeV)

5 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector.  High-beta is favorable at injection section.

6 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector.  High-beta is favorable at injection section. But for achieving higher brilliance, low-beta is favorable.

7 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector.  High-beta is favorable at injection section.  Long straight section is used for injection. High-Beta at LSS and Low-Beta at Normal Straight LSS Normal Straight

8 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector.  High-beta is favorable at injection section.  Long straight section is used for injection. High-Beta at LSS and Low-Beta at Normal Straight  For various filling pattern, off-axis injection is needed.

9 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector.  High-beta is favorable at injection section.  Long straight section is used for injection. High-Beta at LSS and Low-Beta at Normal Straight  For various filling pattern, off-axis injection is needed.  Bucket-by-Bucket Injection with Fast Kickers High-purity single bunch is possible (at high-current). On-axis injection is also possible.

10 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector.  High-beta is favorable at injection section.  Long straight section is used for injection. High-Beta at LSS and Low-Beta at Normal Straight  For various filling pattern, off-axis injection is needed.  Bucket-by-Bucket Injection with Fast Kickers High-purity single bunch is possible (at high-current). On-axis injection is also possible.  Compensation for short lifetime is needed. In addition to the above...

11 Issues and Our Approach Injection to a Ring with a Small Dynamic Aperture  A high-quality injection beam is needed.  SACLA (XFEL) Linac is used as a full-energy injector.  High-beta is favorable at injection section.  Long straight section is used for injection. High-Beta at LSS and Low-Beta at Normal Straight  For various filling pattern, off-axis injection is needed.  Bucket-by-Bucket Injection with Fast Kickers High-purity single bunch is possible (at high-current). On-axis injection is also possible.  Compensation for short lifetime is needed. In addition to the above...  Top-Up (+ Bunch Length Control, Coupling Control...)

12 Fast Kicker System Kicker Design and R&D for New Injection Scheme by T. Nakamura Fast TEM mode Kicker ( ~ 2ns ) Beam High Power Pulser 50kV (FID FPG-50 ) * Upper outer conductor is removed. Length 0.2m (time constant~ 1.3ns) High Power Pulser 50kV (FID FPG-50 ) Kicker : Unit x 5

13 Fast Kicker System: Time Structure Output of High Power Pulser 50kV (FID FPG-50 ) Kick Strength ( L = 0.2m ) with MAFIA-T3 2ns : bucket spacing Additional Correction Kicker might be required for neighboring bunches. Should be smaller than 1/10

14 Fast Kicker System: Field Distribution 1 V-1 V 10mm Dipole Kick for On-axis Injection Quadrupole Kick for Off-axis Injection Kick Field = 0 Injected beam Stored beam Field Strength ~ 1/(vertical gap) Counter Propagating TEM Mode ( Kick by Ex ) = ( Kick by By ) => Total Kick = 2 Ex

15 Fast Kicker System: Field Strength Dipole Kick 11 MeV/m (+50kV, -50kV) V Quadrupole Kick at 2mm 4 MeV/m (+50kV, +50 kV) -1V Stored Beam Off-axis Injected On-axis Injected

16 Fast Kicker System: Injection (Schematic) Swapped out From SACLA linac β H = 25m 15 mm 0.6 m rad β H = 25m Dipole Field 0.08 m rad 2mm 15mm 0.6 m rad Quadrupole Field +50 kV, +50 kV +18 kV, -18 kV 0.6 m rad x 6 GeV = 3.6 MeV 5 units (0.2m) < 2 m Off-axis On-axis

17 Injection at LSS Example Scheme with Three Sets of Fast Kickers Dynamic Aperture  x =  y =  (Off-Axis)

18 Injection at LSS Septum injected beam  x = 0.05  0.15 mm (CSR dependent) stored beam  x  0.02 mm clearance > 6  1 mm 2 mm 1 mm 1 mm  x = 5 m ) injected beam after revolutions Example Scheme with Three Sets of Fast Kickers (Off-Axis)

19 Injection at LSS Example Scheme with Three Sets of Fast Kickers (On-Axis)  x =  y = 

20 Summary of Our Injection Scheme > SACLA (XFEL) Linac (A beam transport line to the booster extraction point is under construction. Beam test is planned.) > High Quality Injection Beam for Small Dynamic Aperture > 30m Long Straight Section for Injection > Fast Kicker System for Bucket-by-Bucket Injection > On-Axis Swap Injection for Beam Tuning Off-Axis Injection for User-Operation at 300mA (Operation at 100mA is possible by on-axis swap injection.) > Flexibility of Filling Pattern > Top-Up for Short Beam Lifetime NOTE: Suppression (or control) of CSR effects in the beam transport line (  750m) is important, and this is under discussion.

21 Another Possible Scheme: Injection with Pulsed Multipole Magnets Double-PQM Scheme by M.Takao Additional upstream pulsed quadrupole magnet separated by n  in betatron phase will suppress the quadrupole oscillation mode of a stored beam. Downstream PQMUpstream PQM nn injected beam stored beam Injection with a Pulsed Quadrupole Magnet K.Harada et al., PRST-AB 10 KEK Injection with a Pulsed Sextupole Magnet H.Takaki et al., PRST-AB 13 (2010) KEK S.C.Leemann, PRST-AB 15 (2012) MAX IV kick n 

22 Another Possible Scheme: Injection with Pulsed Multipole Magnets Downstream PQM for Injection Upstream PQM for Suppressing Quad. Mode Osc.  x =   y =  injected beam stored beam


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