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Treaties pulling Europe together-NATO. NATO Members Belgium (1949) Canada Denmark France Iceland Italy Luxembourg United Kingdom United States Netherlands.

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Presentation on theme: "Treaties pulling Europe together-NATO. NATO Members Belgium (1949) Canada Denmark France Iceland Italy Luxembourg United Kingdom United States Netherlands."— Presentation transcript:

1 Treaties pulling Europe together-NATO

2 NATO Members Belgium (1949) Canada Denmark France Iceland Italy Luxembourg United Kingdom United States Netherlands Norway Portugal Poland Greece (1952) Turkey Germany (1955) Spain (1982) Poland (1999) Hungary Czech Republic

3 Treaties pulling Europe together Coal and Steel Community 1952Coal and Steel Community 1952 –BENELUX countruies (Belgium, Netherlands Luxembourg, +France, Germany, Italy) –1 st supranational authority; pooling of sovereign powers EEC (European Economic Community 1957 (same 6 countries)EEC (European Economic Community 1957 (same 6 countries) –Common market for goods –common farm and trade

4 Treaties pulling Europe together Later members of EEC –Later members of EEC – –Ireland, UK, Denmark (1973) –Greece, Spain and Portugal ( ) Single European Act 1987Single European Act 1987 –all 12 members at that time –abolition of last internal barriers to trade

5 Treaties pulling Europe together Treaty on European Union 1992 –Blueprint for monetary union (Euro) –common security –Common foreign policy New Members 1995: –Sweden, Austria and Finland (1995) –Rejected entry – Norway and Switzerland “Schengen” treaty 1999: “Fortress Europe” –Yes Iceland, Norway, NOT Ireland, UK –Rules on freedom of movement –Treaty for common defense policy Euroland (2002): NOT UK, Sweden, Denmark, Greece

6 European Union/Euroland

7 The Belgian Curtain

8 Europe: the big picture Euroland: 13 states Skeptics 3 states (Sweden, Finland, UK) May 2004 –Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Malta, Cyprus Maybe –Bulgaria, Croatia,Norway,Switzerland On very long finger –Turkey, Albania

9 Irl75%Be.62%Ger.41% Lux.75%Gr.61%Fin.40% Ned.73%It.60%Swe34% Spa71%Den.53%Aus.33% Port64%Fra.49%UK25% Source: Eurobarometer 2000 Is your country’s membership of the EU a good thing ?

10 Bel85%Ger76%Irl56% It.85%Spa76%Dk.53% Ned85%Gre76%UK49% Fr85%Por66%Fin46% Lux79%Aus61%Swe45% Source: Eurobarometer 2000 Support for a common defense and security policy.

11 Overall support for EU membership: Good thing 49% Bad thing14% Not good nor bad28% Don’t know9% Overall support for a common foreign policy Yes64% No17% Don’t know19% European Support for Integration

12

13 New NATO Partnerships Partnership for Peace Mediterranean Dialogue Russia-NATO Ukraine-NATO Southeast Europe Initiative


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