Presentation on theme: "Treaties pulling Europe together-NATO. NATO Members Belgium (1949) Canada Denmark France Iceland Italy Luxembourg United Kingdom United States Netherlands."— Presentation transcript:
Treaties pulling Europe together-NATO
NATO Members Belgium (1949) Canada Denmark France Iceland Italy Luxembourg United Kingdom United States Netherlands Norway Portugal Poland Greece (1952) Turkey Germany (1955) Spain (1982) Poland (1999) Hungary Czech Republic
Treaties pulling Europe together Coal and Steel Community 1952Coal and Steel Community 1952 –BENELUX countruies (Belgium, Netherlands Luxembourg, +France, Germany, Italy) –1 st supranational authority; pooling of sovereign powers EEC (European Economic Community 1957 (same 6 countries)EEC (European Economic Community 1957 (same 6 countries) –Common market for goods –common farm and trade
Treaties pulling Europe together Later members of EEC –Later members of EEC – –Ireland, UK, Denmark (1973) –Greece, Spain and Portugal ( ) Single European Act 1987Single European Act 1987 –all 12 members at that time –abolition of last internal barriers to trade
Treaties pulling Europe together Treaty on European Union 1992 –Blueprint for monetary union (Euro) –common security –Common foreign policy New Members 1995: –Sweden, Austria and Finland (1995) –Rejected entry – Norway and Switzerland “Schengen” treaty 1999: “Fortress Europe” –Yes Iceland, Norway, NOT Ireland, UK –Rules on freedom of movement –Treaty for common defense policy Euroland (2002): NOT UK, Sweden, Denmark, Greece
The Belgian Curtain
Europe: the big picture Euroland: 13 states Skeptics 3 states (Sweden, Finland, UK) May 2004 –Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Malta, Cyprus Maybe –Bulgaria, Croatia,Norway,Switzerland On very long finger –Turkey, Albania
Irl75%Be.62%Ger.41% Lux.75%Gr.61%Fin.40% Ned.73%It.60%Swe34% Spa71%Den.53%Aus.33% Port64%Fra.49%UK25% Source: Eurobarometer 2000 Is your country’s membership of the EU a good thing ?
Bel85%Ger76%Irl56% It.85%Spa76%Dk.53% Ned85%Gre76%UK49% Fr85%Por66%Fin46% Lux79%Aus61%Swe45% Source: Eurobarometer 2000 Support for a common defense and security policy.
Overall support for EU membership: Good thing 49% Bad thing14% Not good nor bad28% Don’t know9% Overall support for a common foreign policy Yes64% No17% Don’t know19% European Support for Integration
New NATO Partnerships Partnership for Peace Mediterranean Dialogue Russia-NATO Ukraine-NATO Southeast Europe Initiative