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Television, News, Ideology. What is ideology? Van Dijk calls ideology a form of social cognition…

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Presentation on theme: "Television, News, Ideology. What is ideology? Van Dijk calls ideology a form of social cognition…"— Presentation transcript:

1 Television, News, Ideology

2 What is ideology?

3 Van Dijk calls ideology a form of social cognition…

4 What is ideology? Van Dijk calls ideology a form of social cognition… Ideologies are not just any kind of social beliefs, but the fundamental, axiomatic beliefs underlying the social representations shared by a group

5 What is ideology? Ideology are always partial and preferential ways of experiencing/describing the world.

6 What is ideology? Ideology are always partial and preferential ways of experiencing/describing the world. They typically benefit one group and the expense of others

7 What is ideology? Ideology are always partial and preferential ways of experiencing/describing the world. They typically benefit one group and the expense of others Often, ideologies are hidden by what seems to be common sense

8 What is ideology? Some examples of ideological discourse in new media

9 What is ideology? Some examples of ideological discourse in new media * Race

10 What is ideology? Some examples of ideological discourse in new media Race Gender

11 What is ideology? Some examples of ideological discourse in new media Race Gender Nationalism

12 What is ideology? How does news discourse reproduce ideology?

13 What is ideology? How does news discourse reproduce ideology? Choice of Stories Choice of experts/sources Choice of anchors and reporters Choice of language and phrasing Choice of image and other visual elements

14 The shifting terrain of TV news across several decades NBC 1952 (check John Wayne at minute 3) CBS 1963 Walter Cronkite's first 30min news broadcast ABC news promo from 1970 CNN News promo 1991 CNN 1991 Coverage of morning after day 1 of Gulf War bombing (min 14)CNN 1991 Coverage of morning after day 1 of Gulf War bombing (min 14) Gen. Schwarzkoph shows video footage from guided missiles (1991)Gen. Schwarzkoph shows video footage from guided missiles Iraq "shock and awe" news footage CNN 2003 (minute for example)Iraq "shock and awe" news footage CNN 2003 (minute for example)

15 Comment on shifting sense of the news as Ideological Discourse

16 What is the CNN Effect?

17 The development of the 24-hour news cycle has produced dramatic changes to the relationship between governments, audiences, and events

18 What is the CNN Effect? The development of the 24-hour news cycle has produced dramatic changes to the relationship between governments, audiences, and events Requires speed, saturation, and visuality

19 What is the CNN Effect? The development of the 24-hour news cycle has produced dramatic changes to the relationship between governments, audiences, and events Requires speed, saturation, and visuality Former Secretary of State James Baker on the CNN Effect: “one thing it does, is to drive policy makers to have a policy position… (and) articulate it very quickly. You are in real-time mode. You don’t have time to reflect”

20 Who is Roger Ailes

21 As chairman and CEO of Fox News, “Ailes both remade American politics and media. … he helped turn politics into mass entertainment, monetizing the politics while making entertainment a potent organizing force.” (Gabriel Sherman, Fresh Air interview)

22 Who is Roger Ailes Developed the blueprint for FOX News in the 1970s when he designed TVN, a news service funded by right-leaning beer magnate, Joseph Coors, who wanted to produce conservative news stories to counter what he saw as liberal media bias.

23 Who is Roger Ailes The TVN blueprint: 1.Hold frame 2.Repetition 3.Whipping posts 4.Sex appeal 5.Pretense balancing

24 Who is Roger Ailes The TVN blueprint: 1.Hold frame 2.Repetition 3.Whipping posts 4.Sex appeal 5.Pretense balancing Listen to min for definitions: Sherman Interview about Roger Ailes- Loudest Voice in the Room

25 How Fox Changed News

26 “Millions of viewers no longer view the news as a way to become informed about the world. (Instead), it is a way to gather information that advances your side.”

27 How Fox Changed News “Millions of viewers no longer view the news as a way to become informed about the world. (Instead), it is a way to gather information that advances your side.” “We’ve lost the notion that journalism should be separate from politics”

28 TO DO Watch FOX, along with the other big 24/7 news networks and look for the Ailes blueprint. What evidence do you see for the claim that Ailes’ approach has remade the news?

29 TO DO Watch FOX, along with the other big 24/7 news networks and look for the Ailes blueprint. What evidence do you see for the claim that Ailes’ approach has remade the news? Comment: what are some of the consequences of the eroding line between journalism and politics?


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