Presentation on theme: "Initiatives on Monitoring ASEAN Integration and the ASEAN Community Progress Monitoring System (ACPMS ) Dr Melanie Milo ASEAN Integration Monitoring Office."— Presentation transcript:
Initiatives on Monitoring ASEAN Integration and the ASEAN Community Progress Monitoring System (ACPMS ) Dr Melanie Milo ASEAN Integration Monitoring Office ASEAN Secretariat High-Level Seminar on ACSS Strategic Plan 2016-2020 Bogor, Indonesia, 17-18 June 2014
The Mandate o Blueprints: o ASEC shall monitor and review the implementation of the Blueprints o ASEC shall develop and adopt indicators and systems to monitor and assess the progress of implementation o Mid-term review to be undertaken when necessary
ASEC Monitoring Tools ASCC Scorecard ASCC Blueprint Implementati on Monitoring System ASCC AEC Scorecard AISR AEC AIMR AEC High-Impact indicators ASR Sectoral level outcomes Goal / Impact Intermediate Outcome Immediate Outcome Output Activity Input Compliance/ Implementation Monitoring system General Outcome Result/ Out- come - based Monito ring system A C P M S MDG Cross Sector AFIR AIS ATSR
Who is monitoring the AEC Blueprint? o AIMO o Input, Activity, and Output level: AEC Scorecard o Outcome and Impact: AEC High Impact Indicators o Outcome: Monitoring and Surveillance Report o ASEANstats o ERIA o Studies to Further Improve the AEC Scorecard (2010, 2011, 2012, 2014) o Focused on key areas o Questionnaires and surveys
Key Mandate of AIMO Establishment of ASEAN Integration Monitoring Office (AIMO) in 2010 by the ASEAN Finance Ministers Key mandate: strengthen regional economic surveillance and monitoring of the AEC to support the integration process AIMO also serves as the policy support unit of the AEC Department within ASEC, with support from the Statistical Division (ASEANstats)
How does AIMO monitor the AEC? Monitor the compliance of AEC commitments through the AEC Scorecard ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY
How does AIMO monitor the AEC? Development of monitoring reports and technical papers on various initiatives under the AEC
How does AIMO monitor the AEC? Development of monitoring tools/indicators and databases on regional economic integration (e.g., AEC high-impact indicators)
How does ASEANStats monitor the AEC? o ASEAN Community Statistical System (ACSS) o ASEAN Community Progress Monitoring System (ACPMS) and ASEAN Brief o Reports the General Outcomes of ASEAN integration initiatives, both under the AEC and ASCC o ACPMS 2007 and ASEAN Brief 2007 – first issue o ACPMS 2012 and ASEAN Brief 2012 – second issue
o Started with the ASEAN Base Line Report (ABR) in 2005 o Monitor the programme and initiatives under the Vientiane Action Programme (VAP) o Measuring progress at programme level o More than 300 indicators were introduced and base lines were setup o Difficulty in synthesizing the overall integration progress How does ASEANStats monitor the AEC?
o ACPMS 2007, first issue o Received support and commitment from the then AHSOM (ACSS) o Published and disseminated to the public at the ASEAN Summit in Singapore, 2009 o Different focus o Reports the general outcomes of integration o Mostly outcome indicators o 46 indicators: 21 AEC indicators and 26 ASCC indicators How does ASEANStats monitor the AEC?
o ACPMS 2012, second issue o Published and disseminated to the public through a press release in 4 AMSs and ASEC o Broader framework o Enhanced the Framework o 57 indicators: 29 AEC indicators and 28 ASCC indicators How does ASEANStats monitor the AEC?
Framework: Monitoring the AEC Free flow of goods Free flow of services Free flow of investment Freer flow of capital Free flow of skilled labour Single market and production base Competitive economic region Equitable economic development Integration into the global economy Income convergence; Productivity convergence; Intra-ASEAN tourism; Price convergence; Intra- ASEAN trade in goods; Tariff reduction; Trade facilitation; Intra-ASEAN trade in services; Services trade liberalization; Intra-ASEAN FDI; Corporate tax rate; Convergence in financial returns; Convergence in skilled labour wages. Global competitiveness index; Technological capacity (science and tech graduates, R&D expenditures, researchers per population, telephone subscribers); Science & technical publications; Innovation (patent and trademark applications); Technological capability (high tech exports) ASEAN6:CLMV ratios of income per capita, intra- ASEAN trade, and intra-ASEAN FDI, Cost of business start up. Extra-ASEAN trade in goods, extra-ASEAN inward FDI, extra-ASEAN tourism arrivals
Framework: Monitoring ASCC Education Human resource and entrepreneurship Human development Poverty Income distribution Health Social welfare and protection Social justice and rights Ensuring environmental sustainability Building ASEAN Identity Narrowing the development gap HDI, education, literacy, school enrolment. Poverty, income inequality, life expectancy, child mortality, underweight children, government expenditure on health, incidence of diseases. Female employment-to-population ratio, youth employment-to-population ratio Carbon emission, CFC consumption, transboundary haze, extent of protected area and forest cover, access to improved drinking and sanitary facility. (not available) ASEAN6:CLMV gaps in income distribution, life expectancy, child mortality, literacy, school enrolment, educational attainment.
Single Market and Production Base AEC 5.3: Intra-industry trade – As economies become more integrated the value of intra- industry trade index would increase AEC 7: Cost to export and import one container of goods (from World Bank’s Doing Business) – One important measure of facilitating the establishment of a single market is through trade facilitation. Trade facilitation should lead to a lower cost of exporting and importing goods Example of ACPMS Indicators and the Rationale
Single Market and Production Base AEC 12: Convergence in interest rates – Real interest rates represent the real price of capital. As the capital markets of AMSs become more integrated, financial capital will flow more freely, and will be reflected in the tendency for the real interest rates to become more equal over time. AEC 14: Convergence in government bond yields – With more integrated capital markets, there will be a tendency of a co-movement in AMSs government bond yields. Example of ACPMS Indicators and the Rationale
Way forward AIMO is working towards developing a unified outcomes-based regional integration monitoring mechanism. – A brainstorming workshop was funded by the EU-ARISE on improving the current regional monitoring integration system last week. Combination of international experts on regional integration monitoring mechanisms and the desk officers. – Other ongoing TAs – Anchor the preparation of the ASEAN Integration Report; accompanying volume to the ACPMS Important to effectively communicate the AEC in the lead-up to 2015 A critical element of the AEC post-2015 agenda in order to inform and guide the process towards deepening regional economic integration in the next 10 years (AEC 2025)
Data Requirements With clear framework and rationale, data needs can be specifically defined: – Choice of indices/targets/indicators – Quantitative measures have to be specified in terms of key features, characteristics and data requirements Data sources: not limited to primary sources (data that are already available in ASEAN Secretariat and collected from NSOs); include secondary sources (from multilateral organisations such as the World Bank, IMF, UNCTAD, OECD)