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PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual Training for the PARCC Field Test December 11 and 17, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual Training for the PARCC Field Test December 11 and 17, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual Training for the PARCC Field Test December 11 and 17, 2013

2 Participant Outcomes Participants will: Receive PARCC Field Testing Updates Review the PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations that will be available for the 2014 field testing Review the changes between the PARCC Accommodations policies and the current Arkansas Accommodations policies. 2

3 The primary purposes of the PARCC Field Test are to: – Examine the quality of items so that PARCC can build assessment forms for the school year; – Pilot assessment administration procedures; and – Give schools and districts the opportunity to experience the administration of PARCC assessments. Field Test Purposes 3 Additional guidance is available at

4 Over one million students are needed to participate in the Field Test to evaluate the quality of items in preparation for PARCC’s operational assessments in In order to get a sample of students that is demographically representative of each state and PARCC as a whole, the sampling design calls for : 1.PARCC to randomly select schools within each state, and then 2.Schools to randomly select classrooms within their school PARCC Field Test Sample 4

5 Assessment Blueprints and Evidence Statements PARCC has released the assessment blueprint information in ELA/Literacy and mathematics – These blueprints provide educators with greater insight into how the PARCC assessments will reflect and measure the CCSS. 5

6 Sample Item Release Update Additional practice Items were released in PDF format in August 2013; which can be found here: Later in 2013, the new sample items will be re-released on the technology platform that students will use for the Field Test, providing an early opportunity for students, educators and parents to engage with the tools and functionalities on the assessment.

7 The ELA/Literacy Performance Based Assessment (PBA) assessments at each grade level will include three tasks: – a research simulation, – a literary analysis, and a – narrative task. The ELA/Literacy End-of-Year (EOY) at each grade level will include four to five texts, both literary and informational. – A number of short-answer comprehension and vocabulary questions will also be associated with each text. ELA/Literacy Assessments 7

8 The Mathematics Performance Based Assessment (PBA) at each grade level will include both short- and extended-response questions focused on conceptual knowledge and skills, and the mathematical practices of reasoning and modeling. The Mathematics End-of-Year (EOY) assessments will be comprised of primarily short answer questions focused on conceptual knowledge, skills and understandings. Mathematics Assessments 8

9 A New Vision for Accessibility Apply principles of universal design for accessible assessments during every stage of the development Minimize/eliminate features of the assessment that are irrelevant to what is being measured Measure the full range of complexity of the standards Leverage technology for the accessible delivery of assessment

10 A New Vision for Accessibility Build accessibility throughout the test itself without sacrificing assessment validity Use a combination of ‘accessible’-authoring and accessible technologies from the inception of items and tasks Engage state and national experts

11 Process for Developing Accessible Assessments Accessible Assessments Accessibility Training Assessment Tasks/Item Development Common Accommodations and Accessibility Policies Item Review Manual Implementation Guidance Educator Engagement Field Test Research Results

12 PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual- 2 nd edition The second edition is a comprehensive policy document that will support local educators in the selection, administration, and evaluation of accommodations for the assessment of students with disabilities, English learners, and English learners with disabilities on the computer-delivered PARCC Mid-Year, Performance-Based, and End-of-Year Assessments. The manual provides educators with information on the accommodations which, when used on the PARCC End-of-Year, Performance-Based-Assessment, and Mid-Year assessment, will result in a valid score for a student. Note: The mid-year is a non-summative, non-required assessment that AR does not plan to purchase for LEAs. 12

13 Overview of the PARCC Manual Background and Introduction This section is an introduction and overview of the Manual. – Audience and Purpose – PARCC’s Authority to Make Policy Decisions – Structure of the PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual

14 Overview of the PARCC Manual Section 1 : Overview of the PARCC Assessment, Claims, and Design This section summarizes the various PARCC assessments and provides the approaches used for universal design. – Overview of the PARCC Assessment – Use of Technology to Deliver PARCC Assessments – Participation Guidelines for PARCC Assessments – General Testing Procedures – Universal Design – Accommodations – Scoring and Reporting

15 Overview of the PARCC Manual Section 2: PARCC Accessibility System & Accessibility Features for All Students Taking PARCC Assessments This section provides an overview of the PARCC Accessibility System and defines the accessibility features that will be offered to all students taking the PARCC assessments. – What are Accessibility Features? – What are Accessibility Features that are Identified in Advance? – What is a Personal Needs Profile? – What are the Administrative Considerations for All Students?

16 Overview of the PARCC Manual Section 3 : Accommodations for Students with Disabilities This section outlines the accommodations for students with disabilities taking the PARCC assessments. – Presentation Accommodations – Response Accommodations – Timing and Scheduling Accommodations – Setting Considerations – Unique Accommodations – Emergency Accommodations – Ongoing Research and Data Collection around Accommodations

17 Overview of the PARCC Manual Section 4 : Accommodations for English Learners This section outlines the accommodations for English learners taking the PARCC assessments. Section 5 : Steps in the Decision-Making Process for Students with Disabilities, English Learners, and English Learners with Disabilities – Step 1: Expect All Students to Achieve Grade-Level Academic Content Standards – Step 2: Learn About Accommodations – Step 3: Select Accommodations – Step 4: Administer Accommodations during Assessment – Step 5: Evaluate and Improve Accommodations Use

18 PARCC Comprehensive Accessibility Policies [Section 2] 18 Features for All Students Accessibility Features* Identified in advance Accommodations ** * Available to all participating students **For students with disabilities, English learners, and English learners with disabilities

19 Accessibility Features for All Students Tool, support, scaffold, or preference that is built into the assessment system that can be activated by any student, at his or her own discretion. Universal Design features expected to benefit a diverse array of students and are available to all students. Provided onscreen, stored in a toolbar, or are accessible through a menu or control panel, as needed. During the assessment, students can choose which accessibility features they need for specific items. Examples include: audio amplification, highlighting, pop-up glossary, etc. 19

20 Accessibility Features for All Students 20 Accessibility Features for All Students Audio Amplification Blank Paper (provided by test administrator) Eliminate Answer Choices Flag Items for Review General Administration Directions Clarified (by test administrator) General Administration Directions Read Aloud and Repeated (by test administrator) Highlight Tool

21 Accessibility Features for All Students 21 Accessibility Features for All Students Headphones Magnification/Enlargement Device NotePad Pop-Up Glossary Redirect Student to Test (by test administrator) Spell Checker Writing Tools

22 Limitations for Field Testing Notepad tool is not available Spell Check is not available on Windows

23 Example of “ eliminate answer choice” *NOTE: NOT a PARCC item. Not on the PARCC delivery platform. Accessibility Features Demonstration

24 Example of “ highlighting” *NOTE: NOT a PARCC item. Not on the PARCC delivery platform.

25 Accessibility Features Identified in Advance Available to all students (i.e., not limited to students with IEPs, 504 plans, or English learners), but will be selected and “turned on” by school-based educators prior to the assessment, based on each student’s Personal Needs Profile (PNP). Based on each student’s individual needs, a PNP is created for the student to ensure that he or she receives appropriate access without the distraction of other tools and features that are not required by the student. Although school-based educators will enable specific accessibility features for students, the student will decide whether or not to use the feature. These accessibility features will be readily available on the computer-delivered testing platform. 25

26 Accessibility Features Identified in Advance-Field Testing The PNP Process will not be operational for field test. PARCC has developed the PARCC Field Test PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodation Documentation Form – Documents the accessibility features and accommodations that must be identified in advance. – Can be used to assist in registering students for field test via PearsonAccess. Let’s Review the form!

27 Accessibility Features Identified in Advance 27 Accessibility Features Identified in Advance Answer Masking Background/Font Color (Color Contrast) General Masking Text-to-Speech for the Mathematics Assessments

28 Limitations for Field Testing: General Masking: Not Available Text-To-Speech for Math: For PBA and EOY Grades 4, 7, Algebra only Human reader will be needed for other grades* Background/Color Font: For PBA and EOY – ELA Grades 3, 5, 8, 11 only – Math Grades 4, 7, Algebra I, Geometry only Answer Masking: Only for EOY – ELA Grades 3, 5, 8, 11 only – Math Grades 4, 7, Algebra I, Geometry only

29 Accessibility Features Demonstration Example of “answer masking” *NOTE: NOT a PARCC item. Not on the PARCC delivery platform.

30 Accessibility Features Demonstration Example of “ line reader tool” *NOTE: NOT a PARCC item. Not on the PARCC delivery platform.

31 Accessibility Features Demonstration Example of “ line reader tool” *NOTE: NOT a PARCC item. Not on the PARCC delivery platform.

32 Administrative Considerations for All Students Principals, STCs or the IEP, 504 or EL team may determine that any student may require one or more of the following test administration considerations, regardless of the student’s status as a student with a disability or who is an English learner: – Small group testing – Frequent breaks – Time of day – Separate or alternate location – Specified area or seating – Adaptive and specialized equipment or furniture Please note: IEP, 504 and EL teams may still document these needs in a student’s IEP, 504 or EL plan based on the individual needs of students. Principals may not override a team decision. 32

33 33 The 5-Step Process Decision-Making Process for Selecting, Using, and Evaluating Accommodations for Students with Disabilities, English Learners, and English Learners with Disabilities (5-Step Process) [Section 5]

34 34 The 5-Step Process Includes: Step 1: Expect all Students to Achieve Academic Grade-Level Content Standards Step 2: Learn About Accessibility Features and Accommodations Step 3: Select Accessibility Features and Accommodations for Individual Students Step 4: Administer Accommodations during Assessments Step 5: Evaluate and Improve Accommodations Use

35 Proposed Accommodations for Students with Disabilities [Section 3]

36 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test 36 Content AreaPresentation Accommodations ELA/LiteracyText-to-Speech or Video of a Human Interpreter for the ELA/Literacy Assessments, including items, response options, and passages In making decisions whether to provide the student with this accommodation, IEP and 504 teams are instructed to consider whether the student has: Blindness or a visual impairment and has not learned (or is unable to use) braille; OR A disability that severely limits or prevents him/her from accessing printed text, even after varied and repeated attempts to teach the student to do so (e.g., student is unable to decode printed text or read fluently); OR Deafness or a hearing impairment and is severely limited or prevented from decoding text due to a documented history of early and prolonged language deprivation

37 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test 37 Content AreaPresentation Accommodations ELA/LiteracyText-to-Speech or Video of a Human Interpreter for the ELA/Literacy Assessments, including items, response options, and passages Before listing the accommodation in the student’s IEP or 504 plan, teams should also consider whether: The student has access to printed text during routine instruction through a reader or other spoken-text audio format, or interpreter; The student’s inability to decode printed text or read braille is documented in evaluation summaries from locally-administered diagnostic assessments; The student receives ongoing, intensive instruction and/or interventions in the foundational reading skills to continue to attain the important college and career-ready skill of independent reading.

38 Appendix D: Text-to-Speech, Human Reader, or Interpreter Accommodation for ELA/Literacy Assessments Individualized Education Program (IEP) or 504 Plan Decision-Making Tool PARCC has developed an IEP and 504 Decision-Making Tool for States Use. This decision-making tool is an optional tool that can be used to document the IEP or 504 team decision for a student’s participation in the ELA/literacy assessments for grades

39 Additional Guidance for Human Readers For human readers who are delivering a read aloud accommodation they must refer to the appendices below: Appendix B: Test Administration Protocol for the Read Aloud Accommodation for English Language Arts/Literacy Assessments and Accessibility Feature for the Mathematics Assessments Appendix I: PARCC English Language Arts/Literacy Audio Style Guide (is available on the PARCC website) Appendix J: PARCC Mathematics Audio Style Guides (will be available on the PARCC website later this winter.) 39

40 Procedures for Providing the Read-Aloud Accommodation to a Small Group of Students Small group must not exceed 5 students; students must receive the accommodation in the same manner during instruction. Computer-delivered assessment – Students who receive the read-aloud accommodation may be tested in an unlimited group size, since they will receive the read-aloud accommodation through headphones. *Note limitations for Field Testing. Paper-pencil assessment – Students grouped together must use the same test form, since test questions will differ on each form of the test. – Students not receiving the read-aloud accommodation may not be tested in the same location as students receiving the reading access accommodation.

41 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test 41 Content AreaPresentation Accommodations Both Content Areas Additional Assistive Technology (Guidelines will be available later this winter.)

42 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test Content AreaPresentation Accommodations Both ELA and Mathematics Appendix A: Accessibility Features and Accommodations for Student Taking the Paper and Pencil PARCC Assessments Condition #1: A student is unable to use a computer due to the impact of his or her disability. Condition #2: A student who recently entered the school and has had very little or no prior experience or familiarity with technology. Condition #3: The school has previously documented that it does not meet the technology requirements to provide the online assessment. The school must have the technology readiness survey on file. Please note: For Field Testing, schools have been assigned as a computer-based or a paper- based school, therefore, only condition 1 will apply if a student is unable to take the field test online; a paper-based assessment can be ordered via PearsonAccess for these students even if they have been identified as a computer-based testing school.

43 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test 43 Content AreaResponse Accommodations ELA/LiteracyScribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing) for prose constructed responses (PCRs) on the English Language Arts/Literacy Assessments In making decisions whether to provide the student with this accommodation, IEP and 504 teams are instructed to consider whether the student has: A physical disability that severely limits or prevents the student’s motor process of writing through keyboarding; OR A disability that severely limits or prevents the student from expressing written language, even after varied and repeated attempts to teach the student to do so.

44 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test 44 Content AreaResponse Accommodations ELA/LiteracyScribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing) for prose constructed responses (PCRs) on the English Language Arts/Literacy Assessments Before listing the accommodation in the student’s IEP/504 plan, teams should also consider whether: The student’s inability to express in writing is documented in evaluation summaries from locally-administered diagnostic assessments; The student receives ongoing, intensive instruction and/or interventions to learn written expression, as deemed appropriate by the IEP or 504 team.

45 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test Appendix C: Protocol for the Use of the Scribe Accommodation This document will be released by PARCC later this winter. 45 Content AreaResponse Accommodations Both ELA/Literacy And Mathematics Scribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing) for the Mathematics assessments; and for selected response (not constructed response) items on the English Language Arts/Literacy assessments Please note: This accommodation applies to Evidence Based Selected Response (EBSRs), and Technology Enhanced Constructed Response items (TECRs) (not Prose Constructed Response items) on the English Language Arts/Literacy assessments.

46 Response Accommodations Available for Field Test 46 Content AreaResponse Accommodations ELA/LiteracyWord prediction on the ELA/Literacy Performance-Based Assessment In making decisions whether to provide the student with this accommodation, IEP and 504 teams are instructed to consider whether the student has: A physical disability that severely limits or prevents the student from writing or keyboarding responses; OR A disability that severely limits or prevents the student from recalling, processing, and expressing written language, even after varied and repeated attempts to teach the student to do so.

47 Response Accommodations Available for Field Test 47 Content AreaResponse Accommodations ELA/LiteracyWord prediction on the ELA/Literacy Performance-Based Assessment Before listing the accommodation in the student’s IEP/504 plan, teams are instructed to consider whether: The student’s inability to express in writing is documented in evaluation summaries from locally administered diagnostic assessments. The student receives ongoing, intensive instruction, and/or intervention in language processing and writing, as deemed appropriate by the IEP/504 plan team.

48 Response Accommodations Available for Field Test Please note: calculators or mathematics tools cannot be used on fluency items that measure Sub Claim E-Mathematics fluency in grades 3-6: The student demonstrates fluency as set forth in the Standards for Mathematical Content) would be compromised, and the score invalid. 48 Content AreaResponse Accommodations Mathematics Calculation Device and Mathematics Tools* (on Non-calculator Sessions of Mathematics Assessments) In making decisions whether to provide the student with this accommodation, IEP and 504 teams should consider whether the student has: A disability that severely limits or prevents the student’s ability to perform basic calculations (i.e., addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division), even after varied and repeated attempts to teach the student to do so.

49 Response Accommodations Available for Field Test 49 Content AreaResponse Accommodations Mathematics Calculation Device and Mathematics Tools* (on Non-calculator Sessions of Mathematics Assessments) Before listing the accommodation in the student’s IEP/504 plan, teams should also consider whether: The student is unable to perform calculations without the use of a calculation device, arithmetic table, or manipulative during routine instruction; The student’s inability to perform mathematical calculations is documented in evaluation summaries from locally-administered diagnostic assessments. The student receives ongoing, intensive instruction and/or interventions to learn to calculate without using a calculation device, in order to ensure that the student continues to learn basic calculation and fluency.

50 Calculation Device and Mathematics Tools, Cont’d. The student uses a calculation device (e.g., four-function calculator, large key or other adapted calculator), arithmetic table (including addition/ subtraction and/or multiplication/division charts), and/or manipulatives (IEP or 504 plan must specify which device or manipulative) on the non-calculator session of the Mathematics test. If a talking calculator is used, the student must use headphones or test in a separate setting. Students with visual impairments may need other mathematical tools such as a large print ruler, braille ruler, tactile compass or braille protractor.

51 Presentation Accommodations Available for Field Test 51 Content AreaPresentation Accommodations Both Content Areas Additional Assistive Technology (Guidelines will be available later this winter.)

52 Timing and Scheduling Accommodations for Field Test 52 CategoryAccommodation Timing & Scheduling Extended Time Teams should consider whether the built-in overage time provided (refer to the PARCC Test Administration Manual) will meet the student’s needs prior to including a provision for extended time in student plans. Let’s Review Appendix E: Guidance for Selecting and Administering the Extended Time Accommodation…

53 Limitations for Field Testing: Refreshable braille displays available for ELA/Literacy only Hard-copy braille not available at all Closed-captioning not available at all Descriptive video not available at all Tactile graphics not available at all ASL video interpreter not available at all Text-To-Speech for ELA/Literacy: For PBA/EOY – ELA Grades 5, 8, 11 only* – Human reader needed for other grade levels

54 Limitations, Cont’d Assistive Technology: – External Devices (no software component) use will be available – Devices/software (internal) use will not be available

55 Accommodations Policies for English Learners

56 Proposed Guidance on Selecting Accommodations for English Learners When selecting accommodations for English learners, consider the student’s: 1. Level of English language proficiency (ELP) on the state ELP test o Beginning, Intermediate, or Advanced 2. Literacy development in the native language o Native language literacy o Interrupted schooling/literacy background 3. Background factors that impact effective accommodations use o Grade/age o Affective filter (i.e., level of student anxiety/comfort with English) o Time in U. S. schools

57 Accommodations for English Learners 57 Accommodation BeginningIntermediateAdvanced Extended Time General Administration Directions Clarified in Student’s Native Language (by test administrator)  General Administration Directions Read Aloud and Repeated as Needed in Student’s Native Language (by test administrator)  Scribe or Speech-to-Text: Responses Dictated for Mathematics Assessment in English  Word-to-Word Dictionary (English/Native Language) KEY for Table 5 below: Highly recommended for use by English learners at this English language proficiency level  Recommended for use by English learners at this English language proficiency level May not be appropriate for students at this ELP level

58 Unique Accommodations All unique accommodations request must be submitted to the ADE by the DTC at least six weeks prior to testing to Charlotte Marvel. ADE will notify the DTCs of the decision at least one week prior to the start of the PARCC field test administration. A decision by the ADE to not allow a unique accommodation for testing does not imply that the accommodation (or modification, adaptation, or other strategy) cannot be used for instruction. Refer to Appendix F: Unique Accommodation Request Form 58

59 Emergency Accommodation An emergency accommodation is appropriate in cases where a student needs a new accommodation immediately prior to the assessment due to unforeseen circumstances. – Cases could include students who have a recently-fractured limb (e.g., arm, wrist, or shoulder); whose only pair of eyeglasses has broken; or a student returning from a serious or prolonged illness or injury. If prior to or during testing, the school principal (or principal’s designee) determines that a student requires an emergency accommodation, an emergency accommodation form must be completed and submitted to ADE. A copy of this form must be filed in the student’s assessment records and a copy must be retained at the district level. Refer to Appendix G: Use of an Emergency Accommodation on a PARCC Assessment This form will not be used in AR for Field Testing. Decision for use will be made by operational year

60 Student Accommodation Refusal If a student refuses an accommodation listed in his or her IEP, 504 Plan, or EL Plan, the school should document in writing that the student refused the accommodation, and the accommodation must be offered and remain available to the student during testing. This form must be completed and placed in the student's file and a copy sent to the parent on the day of refusal. School test coordinators should work with test administrators to determine who, if anyone else should be informed when a student refuses an accommodation documented in an IEP, 504 plan or if available an EL plan. Refer to Appendix H: Student Accommodation Refusal Form This form will not be used in AR for Field Testing. Decision for use will be made by operational year

61 Documenting Field Testing Accommodations in the IEP/504 All accommodations that a student needs for standardized testing should be documented in the student’s IEP in the appropriate section of the Consideration of Special Factors page (IEP #102), as well as in the section for daily accommodations. Any accommodation that Arkansas does not currently allow for our Benchmark/EOC/Literacy exams, but is allowed by PARCC, must be written clearly and separately into the IEP. (For example, a mathematical tool for the non-calculator section of the math assessment).

62 Documenting Accommodations, Cont’d. Although PARCC has made some supports and features universal for all students, some of these supports are still seen as accommodations for other assessments. IEP teams may want to continue to document extended time, small group, etc. as accommodations in light of requirements for other assessments. For example: ACT, SAT

63 Documenting Accommodations, Cont’d. You may add PARCC accommodations for field testing through a Separate Programming Conference or through an IEP amendment process. You may do the equivalent to add PARCC accommodations to a 504 plan.

64 IEP Documentation Standard Testing Accommodations: – Small group, read aloud for allowable sessions. PARCC Field Test: – Use of four-function calculator for non-calculator sessions, read aloud for ELA/Literacy.

65 65 Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers Web: Sample Items: Test Administration Guidance: Assessment Policies: PARCC Accessibiliity and Accommodations Manual and Appendices:

66 For additional information about PARCC, please check out the website: Questions related to the content of the second edition of the PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual or policies. Please contact Jennifer Brown or Melody Morgan Questions Related to English Learners and Accommodations, please contact Dr. Andre Guerrero ADE Field Test Contact: Sheree Baird Questions?


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