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Project Introduction Blueprinting, Architectural Lines, Term Project, Project Layout, and Cost.

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Presentation on theme: "Project Introduction Blueprinting, Architectural Lines, Term Project, Project Layout, and Cost."— Presentation transcript:

1 Project Introduction Blueprinting, Architectural Lines, Term Project, Project Layout, and Cost

2 Blue Printing Drawings History Blue print paper--Diazo The Process

3 History An early reproduction process produced prints having white lines on a dark blue background. They were called blueprints. White on Blue

4 History Today the reproduction results are reversed, that is, dark lines on a white background. These are actually called whiteprints although the term “blueprint” is more traditionally used even though it is incorrectly used. Blue on White

5 Blue print paper--Diazo Blueprinting is actually a photographic method of coping an original drawing. Blueprinting creats a direct, positive copy of the original drawing. Diazo prints have a white (bluish) background and dark (blue) line work. Diazo paper is coated with a yellow chemical (diazo) that is light sensitive, this chemical decomposes wherever it is exposed to light

6 The Process The process is called the Diazo or sometimes Ozalid process. There are two basic steps in the process: –1) Exposing –2) Developing

7 1--Exposing Diazo-coated paper (yellow) face-up with the drawing face-up on top of the dizao paper fed into the machine and exposes them to an ultraviolet light. Light passes through the drawing except where the graphite lines are on the drawing. The light deactivates the dizao chemical and makes it white Where the pencil line of graphite are the dizao chemical remains to be developed

8 2--Developing The print paper, separated from the drawing, is exposed to ammonia vapor to develop the images into dark lines. The darkness of the lines depends upon the blackness of the drawing line and the exposure time in the machine.

9 Class Time to make Blueprints


11 Line Types & Line Widths Line Types-- describe different aspects of the drawing Line Widths-- emphasize importance of features on a drawing & PROFILE LINES MEDIUM

12 What leads to used for the various line types: Border, Profile, Cutting plane lines Hidden lines Dimension, Center, & Section lines Construction & Guide lines Outline, Visible or Object lines

13 Line Type Applications DECK

14 Line Type Applications

15 Drawing Technique at Line Intersections PREFERRED BY ARCHITECTS


17 Architectural Line Types (handout) Use this handout as a guide and comparison to evaluate and measure your line widths or thickness and see if your lines are equal in width All lines must have lots of graphite on them to make dark blueprint lines

18 Line Exercise “A” size vellum Draw borders and complete title block Draw, with instruments, 9-2 1/4”squares centered in drawing space Do all lines, at first, as layout lines then complete exercise with the alphabet of lines and line widths as given in handout Make blueprint for instructors evaluation

19 “A” size Title Block

20 Class Demo for Line Exercise

21 Term Project


23 Measuring the Presentation Drawing The drawing has been photo reduced and can not be measured with a regular ruler.

24 Making the Shrink ruler Ruler made of known distances such as: bath tub, hallways, stair, cabinets, used to measure unknown distances (only rough) Tub length is 5’-0” Shrink Ruler Shrink Ruler Stair width is 3’-0”

25 Budget Guidelines Clients’ construction budget limit is $135,000.00 Lot cost $15,000.00 Total Project cost = $135K + $15K = $150K Estimated Cost determined by Square Foot Method: Square Foot (X) Factor = Estimated $ Square foot includes walls and living space

26 Class Project Cost Factors The factors can be effected by location and all the other aspects of design. Utah cost factors ranges from $65.00(low) to $150.00(high)/sqft Class Cost Factors: –$75.00/sqft--main floor space finished –$55.00/sqft--upper level floor space finished –$35.00/sqft--garage space finished –$15.00/sqft--porch space complete –$10.00/sqft--terrace/patio space complete

27 Project Cost Breakdown 1,056 1,040 68,640 46,800 13,750 2,300 1,000 550 230 132,490 15,000 147,490


29 Project Drawing Requirements Drawings and Sheet numbers of Project

30 Project Sheet Layout Notice each sheet contains drawings and/or arrangement of drawings Note change of Electrical Symbol Schedule location Here

31 Title Block for all Project Drawings


33 Cost Per Square Foot Breakdown Factor used depends upon several aspects of home design: –Ranch verses Two-Story Designs –Finished verses Unfinished Designs –Economical verses Luxury Designs –Essentials verses Extras Designs

34 Ranch verses Two-Story Design More expensive to build a ranch house (one that is spread over a large area) Two-Story Design share roof and foundation cost

35 Finished verses Unfinished Design More materials and labor used to finish a home the cost are much higher with the finished design

36 Economical verses Luxury Design The wide range of material quality make a difference in home cost. Materials such as floor coverings (carpet, etc.), appliances, plumbing fixtures, electrical fixtures influence the home cost

37 Essentials verses Extras Design Features that could raise cost in a home design: –extra bathrooms, –more than one fireplace, –large garages, –spas/sauna/whirlpool, –swimming pool, etc.


39 Cost Exercise Note this exercise is not on Project House, see handout

40 Formula: –3 1/2 x Gross Yearly Income Example: (GYI = $50,000) –3.5 x 50,000 = $175,000 max loan

41 P = Principle I = Interest T = Taxes I = Insurance Mortgage--PI Escrow--3rd party agreement Amortization Schedule--a chart listing payment periods & PI over load Closing Cost--fees & down $ paid at closing Down Payment--up front money paid at closing Foreclosure--Repossessing of property Lien--claim on property as security Title Insurance--guarantee property is free and clear

42 Gross Income Comparisons Total Project Cost = $152,000 (round up actual loan amount [95%] and look on PI chart) 152,000 x.95 = 144,400.00 1,115.00 1,265.00 144,400/ 2 1/2 = 57,760 (1,265/.28) 12 = 54,214

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