4 Principles of Assessment (from PMETB) The assessment system must be fit for a range of purposesPrinciple 2The content of the assessment will be based on curricula for postgraduate training which themselves are referenced to all of the areas of Good Medical PracticePrinciple 3The methods used within the programme will be selected in the light of the purpose and content of that component of the assessment framework.Principle 4The methods used to set standards for classification of trainee’s performance / competence must be transparent and in the public domainPMETB = Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board.Oversees postgraduate medical training in all specialties. All Royal Colleges postgraduate accreditation now accountable to PMETB.
5 Principles of Assessment (from PMETB) continued Assessments must provide relevant feedbackPrinciple 6Assessors / examiners will be recruited against criteria for performing the tasks they undertakePrinciple 7There will be Lay input in the development of assessmentPrinciple 8Documentation will be standardised and accessible nationally.Principle 9There will be resources sufficient to support assessment
6 The MRCGP Curriculum Statements (Principle 2) Where to find themRCGP websiteWhat are they?Series of statements, each covering different clinical and practice management areas, based on European Academy of Teachers in General Practice (EURACT) framework and Good Medical Practice (GMC document)Written by a variety of experts in their field, coordinated by RCGPPrinciple 2: The content of the assessment will be based on curricula for postgraduate training which themselves are referenced to all of the areas of Good Medical Practice.
7 The MRCGP Curriculum Statements (Principle 2) continued How they are being usedCurriculum statements subdivided into ‘Intended Learning Outcomes’. Cases linked to specified learning outcomes within specified curriculum statements.This enables sampling from across the curriculum, as cases can be mapped to the curriculum statements (or nMRCGP blueprint)
8 Components of the nMRCGP The Applied Knowledge TestComputer-based test of knowledge using multiple-choice questions, completed on-screen in dedicated Pearson Vue driving test centres around the country.The Workplace Based AssessmentFormative and summative; variety of measures; based on a series of reviews; electronic portfolio. Tests trainee in his/her place of work, doing what he/she actually does.The Clinical Skills AssessmentClinical consulting skills examination, based on cases from general practice, with role players as ‘patients’, and experienced assessors; provides a pre-determined, standardised level of challenge to candidates.Summative assessment and MRCGP will be replaced by an assessment package of 3 components:WBA – take place throughout the 3 yr trainingAKT – machine marked test of applied knowledge, can be sat as soon as candidate feels readyCSA – probably at the start of the 3rd year.Leads to Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT), which automatically makes candidate eligible for Membership of the RCGP.
9 Why a Clinical Skills Assessment? Criticism of current MRCGP that there is no clinical consulting skills componentProvides external validation / triangulation with the other testing methods usedUsing simulated patients is a validated and reliable method for testing clinical skills, so long as quality assurance of case production, role player and assessor training is carried out.Able to offer a standardised, pre-determined level of challenge to candidates and to vary this level of challenge as needed by the assessment requirements
10 Purpose of the CSA :‘An assessment of a doctor’s ability to integrate and apply appropriate clinical, professional, communication and practical skills in general practice’Integrative skills assessment - tests a doctor’s abilities to gather information and apply learned understanding of disease processes and person-centred care appropriately in a standardised context, making evidence-based decisions, and communicating effectively with patients and colleagues.Within the context of the CSA blueprint!Look at case writing guidelines document: final 2 pages shows the ‘exploded’ discussion for each generic competency, as applied to the CSA. Helpful in writing cases as it helps to focus the case within the allocated domain (s).The emphasis is on clinical management both with respect to routine problems and those that are less straightforward, integrated with communication, attitudinal and practical skills with which clinical care is associated.
11 Series of Integrated Developments Curriculum statements form the basis for the nMRCGP blueprint :Intended learning outcomes - track from curriculum statements to cases via CSA blueprint and case selection blueprintCompetency progressionCSA Blueprint – based on nMRCGP blueprint, those sections that can be tested by this methodology
12 Series of Integrated Developments continued Case writing proforma that guides case writers through complexities of linking their case, focussing on the ‘nub’ of the case, and writing a marking schedule that reflects this ‘nub’.Linking the case with searchable keywords so that a defined selection of cases can be found for each time the assessment is run.
13 CSA Blueprint derived from the Curriculum Blueprint areaDescriptorData gathering and interpretationGathering of data for clinical judgement, choice of examination, investigations and their interpretationsManagementRecognition and management of common medical conditions in primary care. Demonstrates flexible and structured approach to decision makingCo-morbidity & health promotionDemonstrating ability to deal with multiple complaints and co-morbidity and to promote positive approach to healthPerson-centred approachUse of recognised communication techniques that enhance understanding of a patient’s illness and promote a shared approach to managing problemsProfessional attitudePractising ethically with respect for equality and diversity in line with accepted codes of professional conductTechnical skillsDemonstrating proficiency in performing physical examinations and using diagnostic and therapeutic instruments
14 Case Selection Blueprint Clinical Skills Assessment Case Selection BlueprintPrimary nature of casePrimary system or area of disease Acute IllnessChronic IllnessUndifferentiated IllnessPsychol and SocialPreventive/lifestyleOtherCardiovascularRespiratoryNeurological/ PsychiatricMusculo-skeletalEndocrine/ OncologicalEye/ ENT/ SkinMen/ Women/ Sexual HealthRenal/ urologicalGastro-intestinalInfectious diseasesETCCase selection criteria beyond the agreed rubric for the matrix:Gender mixDiversity eg culture, disability, religion and sexual orientationAge mix (child, older person).
15 How does the CSA differ from the Simulated Surgery? Not just a test of communication skills in a clinical settingBased on the nMRCGP blueprint, and samples across this blueprint.Will be taken by many more candidates (3, ,000 per year)Assesses integrative clinical skills in primary care settingsCandidates will be expected to undertake focussed physical examinations on some of the role players and be assessed on it
16 What is the CSA likely to look like? Starts October 2007Temporary assessment centre to be used initially in CroydonDedicated assessment centre within new College build planned to be ready over the next 3-5 yearsWill take place for a number of weeks, several times a yearWill use multiple circuitsCandidate stays in ‘surgery’ and patient and examiner move around circuitStill open to change, as we learn from experience and collect expert opinion on the methodology.Ready to roll by:
17 What is the CSA likely to look like? continued Will consist mostly of simulated patient cases.13 stations, probably each of 10 minutesMarks collected by Opscan techniquesSome triangulation with Workplace Based Assessment competenciesStations picked from intended learning outcomes (ILOs) across the nMRCGP blueprint with clear derivation
19 The Marking Schedule Each case is marked in 3 domains : Data gathering, examination and clinical assessment skillsClinical management skillsInterpersonal skillsAll domains have equal weighting
20 The Marking Schedule continued Assessor uses word pictures to help decide grade for each domain, then uses this information to make a judgement on the grade for the case overall (4 decisions)Feedback to candidatesSerious concerns box
21 Four possible Grades Clear Pass (CP) Marginal Pass (MP) Marginal Fail (MF)Clear Fail (CF)
22 Three domains for each case : DATA-GATHERING, TECHNICAL & ASSESSMENT SKILLS :Gathering & using data for clinical judgement, choice of examination, investigations & their interpretation. Demonstrating proficiency in performing physical examinations & using diagnostic and therapeutic instruments. (Blueprint: Problem-solving skills, Technical Skills)CLINICAL MANAGEMENT SKILLS :Recognition & management of common medical conditions in primary care. Demonstrating a structured & flexible approach to decision-making. Demonstrating the ability to deal with multiple complaints and co-morbidity. Demonstrating the ability to promote a positive approach to health. (Blueprint: Primary Care Management, Comprehensive approach)INTERPERSONAL SKILLS:Demonstrating the use of recognised communication techniques to understand the patient’s illness experience and develop a shared approach to managing problems. Practising ethically with respect for equality and diversity, in line with the accepted codes of professional conduct. (Blueprint: Person-centred approach, Attitudinal aspects).
23 How the CSA is aiming to meet PMETB assessment criteria 1. This methodology is judged to be the best way to test Clinical Skills in general practice currently.2. Cases are based on the nMRCGP curriculum.3. Assessment methodology chosen is fit for purpose. This has been validated and reliable, both elsewhere and by our main pilot.4. Standard setting will be transparent and in the public domain with wide consultation.5. Feedback will be given to all candidates.
24 How the CSA is aiming to meet PMETB assessment criteria : continued 6. Recruitment of assessors will be on ability – to rank order, mark reliably, knowledge base.7. Lay input has been consistently sought.8. Documentation will be accessible nationally through the College website and publication in peer reviewed journals and the various weekly publications.9. Resources? Continually under review…
25 Further resources CSA sample cases to be made available soon Latest information on RCGP websiteIntroduction to CSA cases document
26 Acknowledgements This presentation written by Kamila Hawthorne Neil MunroOn behalf of the CSA Operations group, nMRCGPUpdated May 2007
27 Members of the CSA Operations Group Adrian Freeman GP, FRCGP Examiner, Chair of the Operations GroupMei Ling Denney GP, MRCGP Examiner and Course Organiser, Deputy Convenor MRCGP Simulated SurgeryKamila Hawthorne GP and Trainer, MRCGP Examiner, Senior Lecturer in General Practice, Cardiff.Fiona Patterson Professor of Work Psychology at City UniversitySue Rendel GP, MRCGP Examiner and Convenor MRCGP Simulated SurgeryAmar Rughani GP, MRCGP Examiner, nMRCGP blueprint guardianDavid Sales GP, Assessment Fellow, RCGPRichard Wakeford MA Cpsychol, FRCGP, Assessment Consultant, University of Cambridge.Faye Geoghegan nMRCGP Project Manager