Presentation on theme: "The RFP Blueprint “A Blueprint for Success” Paul J. Brennan, CPPO, CPPB, C.P.M. New York State Association of Municipal Purchasing Officials."— Presentation transcript:
The RFP Blueprint “A Blueprint for Success” Paul J. Brennan, CPPO, CPPB, C.P.M. New York State Association of Municipal Purchasing Officials
It Doesn’t Have To Be Difficult Preparing a RFP even for the most complex procurements does not need to be difficult. Feeling overwhelmed? Follow the RFP Blueprint to ensure success
What Is a Request for Proposal? “A Request for Proposal is a formal invitation from an organization to a supplier to submit an offer. The offer is to provide a solution to a problem or a need that an organization has identified.”
What Is a Request for Proposal? A formal process based on fair and open competition. A process that provides a standardized framework for proposal submission and evaluation.
Examples of When to Use an RFP Professional Services: Professional services involve specialized skill, training and expertise, use of professional judgment or discretion, and /or a high degree of creativity.
Examples of When to Use an RFP Specialized Software Purchases which require supplier implementation Turn-Key systems which include both a product and a service True Leases
Most Common Problems Multiple Proposals are Difficult to Evaluate The Prime Contractor’s Role is too limited Contract Provisions are “Deal Stoppers” Proposals restate RFP requirements and do not offer multiple solutions Pricing is Not Sufficiently Structured Contract Negotiations Become Stalled
Advantages Promotes competition Provides alternate methodology for accomplishing the same objective The organization’s personnel develop a better understanding of the agencies needs Provides better information for the vendors Simplified evaluation Less biased selection Improves quality of the proposals received
Disadvantages Increased time - 30-90 Days Increased costs Who’s responsible? Difficult to define
The RFP Document Before Starting Identify the key users to be involved in preparing the RFP? Allocate sufficient staff and time to the RFP process? Are the overall goals of the procurement process documented and understood?
Defining the Objectives The basic, top-level objectives of the acquisition must be defined. Are the anticipated results of a successful solution stated clearly in objective terms? This approach provides potential offerors the flexibility to develop cost effective solutions and the opportunity to propose innovative alternatives meeting the stated objectives.
Establishing Requirements Has the evaluation methodology and evaluation criteria been developed and used to ensure that the objectives and requirements are stated clearly?
Based on the complexity of the services or solution needed the RFP document will vary in detail and size However The basic outline of the RFP will remain the same, regardless of the size and complexity of the services or solution needed Developing the RFP Document
RFP’s should contain, at a minimum, the following sections: Background Information Objectives and Technical Requirements Cost Proposal Requirements Contractual Terms and Conditions Administrative Proposal Format & Content Proposal Evaluation Criteria Attachments Developing the RFP Document
Background Information Provide a brief overview of the procurement subject matter Provide a brief overview of your organization Describe the background surrounding this procurement Key Dates/Events Definitions
Objectives and Technical Requirements This section should include the specific objectives and desired outcomes (SOO) This section may include a specific technical requirements for the particular contract. (SOW) Include any criteria which you require to qualify vendors for this project
Objectives and Technical Requirements Relevant and Past Experience requirements Financial Statement Requirements Staffing and Personnel Biographies Certification and License Requirements Other Technical Requirements
Cost Proposal Requirements Describe the form and cost breakdown which you require for this particular contract (fixed price, cost plus/ level of effort or lump sum)
Contractual Terms and Conditions This section should include the standard terms and conditions of your agency This section of the RFP should be reviewed and approved by your legal staff. (Create a template and do it only once, with an annual review)
Proposal Format and Content Requirements General Instructions Organization and Number of Copies Section I: Executive Summary Section II: Technical Response Section III: Cost/Price Proposal Section IV: Contract Documentation Section V: Relevant Past and Present Performance
Executive Summary Narrative Summary – A concise narrative summary of the entire proposal, including significant risks, and a highlight of any key or unique features, excluding cost/price. Table of Contents – a master table of contents for the entire proposal
Technical Response Section Provide as specifically as possible the actual methodology used to satisfy the requirements stated in the County’s statement of objectives and statement of work Address Proposal Risk Personnel Qualifications and Experience Motivation
Technical Response Section Statement of Work Work Breakdown Structure Master Schedule
Cost Proposal Section Cost/Price proposals or Budget Proposals Only one copy of the Cost/Price proposal shall be submitted in the Original Copy. Additional copies of the proposal shall not contain copies of the Cost/Price proposal
Contract Documentation Requirements Any legal forms required by your agency Required Licenses or Certifications Exceptions to Terms and Conditions Authorized Offeror Personnel Official Company Address and Identifying Codes
Contract Documentation Requirements Subcontracting Plan DBE Participation Plan
Relevant and Past Performance Relevant Contract information Client Authorization Letter Organizational Structure Change History
Proposal Evaluation Criteria Overall Relative Importance of Evaluation Criteria and Assigning Weights Technical Criteria Personnel Qualifications, Project Organization, Experience and Commitment Criteria Relevant Past & Present Performance Criteria Cost Criteria
The Evaluation Process Use a building block approach Establish compliance Score the proposals Develop a short list Interview the suppliers Evaluate the cost/budget Impose Upset Levels
Use a Two-step Evaluation Process Technical proposals and cost proposals should be submitted in two separate sealed envelopes Evaluate technical proposals first, eliminating any supplier not meeting the mandatory requirements; then evaluate the cost proposals for the remaining suppliers
Supplier Complaints & Protests Have written policies and procedures Promote fair and open competition Provide and effective dispute resolution mechanism
Statement of Objectives (SOO) The SOO is a government prepared document incorporated into the RFP that states the overall solicitation objectives. It is used to provide maximum flexibility to each Offeror to propose an innovative development approach.
Statement of Objectives (SOO) Offerors use the SOO and SOW- Technical Requirements as a basis for preparing their proposals including a Statement of Work. The SOO is retained and is used in contract development
Statement of Objectives (SOO) The SOO should provide the basic, top level objectives of the acquisition and in many cases can be used in lieu of a Government written SOW Most RFP’s for large, complex projects will contain both a SOO and SOW
Statement of Objectives (SOO) Using the SOO approach allows the Government with an opportunity to assess the offeror’s understanding of all aspects of the effort to be performed, by eliminating the “how to” instructions to accomplish the required effort normally contained in an SOW
Statement of Objectives (SOO) The SOO should address project oriented goals rather than performance requirements SOOs are normally in the 2-4 page range In most cases the SOO will not be a one for one replacement of the SOW
Statement of Objectives (SOO) Each portion of the RFP must support one another The SOO should be clear and concise and provide potential offeror’s with enough information and detail to structure a sound program, designed to be executable and satisfy government objectives
Statement of Objectives (SOO) The SOO is used, along with other information and instructions in the RFP, by offerors to develop the statement of work, contract work breakdown structure, master schedule, and other documents supporting and defining the offerors proposed effort
Statement of Objectives – RFP Relationships The RFP must include instructions to the Offeror that require using the SOO to construct and submit a Statement of Work, Work Breakdown Structure and Master Schedule The Government’s intention to evaluate the proposed SOW, WBS, and MS should be stressed in the Proposal Evaluation Criteria section.
Statement of Work (SOW) The SOW and Technical Requirements should logically follow the SOO with instructions to the offerors to provide information supporting the objectives of the project
The Statement of Work The Statement of Work (SOW) is a unique document. The SOW describes the specific requirements applicable to a particular item or service being purchased. The purpose is to provide proposers with a clear, accurate, and complete description of the work to be performed, including inspection, test and acceptance, quality, support services, data and documentation, maintenance, and any other necessary requirements.
The Statement of Work The SOW should tell suppliers what is wanted and not how they are to perform As a general statement, in most cases you want to avoid telling the offeror’s “how to do their job” When we do this, we do not give the offerors flexibility to develop cost effective solutions The SOW should not be any more complex or detailed than necessary
The Statement of Work Statements of Work will vary greatly depending on the work requirements and depth of detail As the work increases in complexity and scope, more particulars are required
The Statement of Work You need to specify all applicable tasks and deliverables You must be certain that all information is clearly and completely stated
Types of Work Statements Statements of Work are classified as either a “level-of-effort term” or “completion” type. Level-of-effort term work statements require the supplier to furnish a specified amount of technical effort during a given period of time and, to furnish a report of the results achieved.
Types of Work Statements Completion or Deliverable based work statements require the furnishing of completed deliverables/services at the agreed upon delivery date meeting the SOW requirements. Payments are made based on deliverables and not time.
Sources for Specifications County Purchasing Departments NYS Office of General Services NY State Association of Municipal Purchasing Officials Hudson Valley, Capital Region and Central New York Purchasing Groups National Institute of Governmental Purchasing – Specifications Database BidNet – National Specification Library