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Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah’s Attributes By A.S. Hashim. MD.

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1 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah’s Attributes By A.S. Hashim. MD

2 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes Supplication بـســـم الله الرحمن الرحيم In the Name of God, Lord of Mercy and Lord of Grace

3 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes Nahjul Balaaghah Nahjul Balaaghah, a highly valued book, consists of: – 254 sermons, – 48 letters, and – 212 sayings of Imam Ali Nahjul Balaaghah is unique to Imam Ali None of the Sahaaba was ever able to produce anything like it: 1. neither in substance 2. nor in literary eloquence. No wonder Ali was referred to as: 1. Sayyid al-Bulaghaa' (Pinnacle of Literary Expression) and 2. Sayyid al-Fu'qahaa, (Pinnacle of the Jurisprudents)

4 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes References about Allah’s Attributes Nahjul Balaaghah contains 31 references about Allah’s Attributes, some of which appear here The quotes appear in various sermons, –said at variable occasions and –about different subjects. 1. The Arabic quotes are from the book of Nahjul Balaaghah, by Dr. Subhi Al-Salih, and so is the numbering of the sermons and pages, 1st Edition, Beirut The Number of the sermons may differ by a factor of 1 in other volumes of Nahjul Balaaghah 3. The references are quotes by Abd al-Zahra' al-Husayni in vols. I & IV of his work (see Al-Islam.org, internet)

5 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes Time Element The majority of Ali's sayings and speeches were stated: –During his Khilaafah when in Kufa, –At Different Places –At Different Occasions –Often at Khutba of Jumu’ah

6 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 1, 39 Page Ali: about the Creation Ali talks about the creation in a long sermon here. Ali talks about the angels, Adam’s creation, Prophethood, Quran and Sunnah among other points. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Harrani, Tuhaf, 57; 2. al-Kulayni, Usul al-Kafi, I, 140; 3. al-Qadi al-Quda`i, Dustur, 153; 4. al-Razi, Tafsir, II, 164; 5. Ibn Talhah, Matalib; 6. al-Zamakhshari, Rabi`, I, bab al-sama' wa al-kawakib; 7. al-Wasiti, `Uyun, see al-Majlisi, Bihar, vol.77, 300, 423; 8. al-Rawandi, Sharh, see Kashif al-Ghita', Madarik, 69; 9. al-Tabarsi, al-'Ihtijaj, I, 150

7 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 1, Ali: about the Creation Let the Praise be to Allah, who cannot be praised enough, whose bounties cannot be adequately counted, nor His rights can be satisfied by those who so attempt, Whom the height of intellect can not appreciate Him enough, nor the depth of thinking can approach Him well enough; Allah for whose attributes there is no limit, and neither description exists, nor time ordained, nor duration fixed. Allah brought forth creation through His Might, dispersed winds through His mercy, and let the earth be firm with the pegs of its mountains. الحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذَي لاَ يَبْلُغُ مِدْحَتَهُ القَائِلُونَ، وَلاِ يُحْصِي نَعْمَاءَهُ العَادُّونَ، ولاَ يُؤَدِّي حَقَّهُ الُمجْتَهِدُونَ، الَّذِي لاَ يُدْركُهُ بُعْدُ الهِمَمِ، وَلاَ يَنَالُهُ غَوْصُ الفِطَنِ، الَّذِي لَيْسَ لِصِفَتِهِ حَدٌّ مَحْدُودٌ، وَلاَ نَعْتٌ مَوْجُودٌ، وَلا وَقْتٌ مَعْدُودٌ، وَلا أَجَلٌ مَمْدُودٌ. فَطَرَ الخَلائِقَ بِقُدْرَتِهَ، وَنَشَرَ الرِّيَاحَ بِرَحْمَتِهِ، وَوَتَّدَ بِالصُّخُورِ مَيَدَانَ أَرْضِهِ.

8 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 49, Page 87 Ali: a bout Allah's greatness What follows is a selection about Allah, sublime and glorious. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Wasiti, `Uyun, see al-Majlisi, Bihar, vol.67, 304.

9 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 49, Ali: a bout Allah's greatness Praise Allah who knows all hidden things, and towards Him all things point, who cannot be seen by the eyes yet the eyes cannot deny Him. The proving mind of His existence can not perceive Him, so High He is that nothing can match the height, and so close He is that nothing is nearer. Neither Allah’s highness makes Him distant from His creatures, nor His nearness to them puts them on equal footing with Him. He denied the minds of elucidating His qualities, but did not prevent them from the knowledge of Him. So He is such that all existence points to Him, without denying. High is He beyond those who liken Him to things or those who deny Him. الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي بَطَنَ خَفِيَّاتِ الاُْمُورِ، وَدَلَّتْ عَلَيْهِ أَعْلاَمُ الظُّهُورِ، وَامْتَنَعَ عَلَى عَيْنِ الْبَصِيرِ; فَلاَ عَيْنُ مَنْ لَمْ يَرَهُ تُنْكِرُهُ، وَلاَ قَلْبُ مَنْ أَثْبَتَهُ يُبْصِرُهُ، سَبَقَ فِي الْعُلُوِّ فَلاَ شَيءَ أَعْلَى مِنْهُ، وَقَرُبَ فِي الدُّنُوِّ فَلاَ شَيْءَ أَقْرَبُ مِنْهُ، فَلاَ اسْتِعْلاَؤُهُ بِاعَدَهُ عَنْ شَيْء مِنْ خَلْقِهِ، وَلاَ قُرْبُهُ سَاوَاهُمْ في المَكَانِ بِهِ، لَمْ يُطْلِعِ الْعُقُولَ عَلَى تَحْدِيدِ صِفَتِهِ، ولَمْ يَحْجُبْهَا عَنْ وَاجِبِ مَعْرِفِتِهِ، فَهُوَ الَّذِي تَشْهَدُ لَهُ أَعْلاَمُ الْوُجُودِ، عَلَى إِقْرَارِ قَلْبِ ذِي الْجُحُودِ، تَعَالَى اللهُ عَمَّا يَقولُ الْمُشَبِّهُونَ بِهِ وَالْجَاحِدُونَ لَهُ عُلوّاً كَبِيراً!

10 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 83, Page 107 Sermon called the al-Gharra' What follows is another selection about Allah, glory be to Him. In this sermon Ali talks about limitation of life, piety, and reminding people of Allah’s bounty. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Harrani, Tuhaf, 146; 2. al-Quda`i, Dustur, 59, 3. al-'Amidi, Ghurar; 4. al-Wasiti, `Uyun al-hikam; 5. Abu Nu`aym, Hilyah, I, 77; 6. Ibn al-'Athir, al-Nihayah, I, 132 (b.d.d), II, 287 (`a.a.z).,

11 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 83, Ali: Sermon called the al-Gharra' Praise is to Allah, Lofty above all, Intimate through His bounty, Giver of distinction and reward, and Dispeller of disaster and distress. I praise Him for His continual Grace and His extensive bounties. I believe in Him as He is the First and the Manifest. I seek His guidance as He is the intimate Guide. I seek His aid for He is able and Mighty. I depend upon Him for He suffices and supports. And I stand witness that Muhammad (pbuh) is His Servant and Prophet, whom He sent to enforce His commands, to exhaust His pleas and to present His warnings. الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي عَلاَ بِحَوْلِهِ، ودَنَا بِطَوْلِهِ، مَانِحِ كُلِّ غَنِيمَة وَفَضْل، وَكَاشِفِ كُلِّ عَظِيمَة وَأَزْل. أَحْمَدُهُ عَلَى عَوَاطِفِ كَرَمِهِ، وَسَوَابِغِ ـ نِعَمِهِ، وَأُومِنُ بهَ أَوَّلاً بَادِياً، وَأَسْتَهْدِيهِ قَرِيباً هَادِياً، وَأَسْتَعِينُهُ قَاهِراً قَادِراً، وَأَتَوَكَّلُ عَلَيْهِ كَافِياً نَاصِراً. وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً (صلى الله عليه وآله) عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، أَرْسَلَهُ لاِنْفَاذِ أَمْرِهِ، وَإِنْهَاءِ عُذْرِهِ وَتَقْدِيمِ نُذُرِهِ.

12 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 85, Page 115 Ali: about Allah’s perfection Ali testifies by Allah’s Perfection then admonishes the audience about other points in this sermon. About Allah’s Perfection Ali says as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Abu Nu`aym, Hilyah, I, 77; 2. al-Wasiti, `Uyun al-hikam; 3. Sibt, Tadhkirah, 131; 4. Ibn Talhah, Matalib, I, 140.

13 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 85, Ali: about Allah’s perfection I stand witness that there is no deity but Allah, One He is, no partner with Him. He is the First, such that nothing was before Him. He is the Last, such that there is no limit for Him. Neither assumptions can capture any of His qualities nor Hearts can comprehend about His nature. Neither can analysis nor division be applied to Him. And neither can the eyes or the hearts grasp Him. وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ: الاَْوَّلُ لاَ شَيْءَ قَبْلَهُ، وَالاخِرُ لاَ غَايَةَ لَهُ، لاَ تَقَعُ الاَْوْهَامُ لَهُ عَلى صِفَة، وَلاَ تُعْقَدُ الْقُلُوبُ مِنْهُ عَلَى كَيْفِيَّة، وَلاَ تَنَالُهُ التَّجْزِئَةُ وَالتَّبْعِيضُ، وَلاَ تُحِيطُ بِهِ الاَْبْصَارُ وَالْقُلُوبُ.

14 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 90, Page 122 Ali: about Allah's attributes Ali speaks about Allah’s attributes in amazing detail, some of which appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Wasiti, `Uyun al-hikam; 2. al-'Amidi, Ghurar, 185; 3. Ibn al-'Athir, al-Nihayah, II, 345.

15 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 90, Ali: about Allah's attributes Praise be to Allah, recognized without being seen, creates without deliberation, and always continues to exist. When there was: Neither sky with domes, nor barriers with high doors, nor nights of gloom, nor quiet oceans, nor mountains with passages, nor mountains with trails, nor earth of spreading floors, nor self-reliant creature. Allah is the Innovator of creation and its inheritor, and He is the Lord of the creation and its Sustainer. The sun and the moon move steadily by His will, they age that which is new, and bring neigh near what is a distant thing. الْحَمْدُ للهِ الْمَعْرُوفِ مِنْ غَيْرِ رُؤْيَة، الْخَالِقِ مِنْ غَيْرِ رَوِيَّة، الَّذِي لَمْ يَزَلْ قَائِماً دَائِماً; إِذْ لاَ سَمَاءٌ ذَاتُ أَبْرَاج، وَلاَ حُجُبٌ ذَاتُ إِرْتَاج، وَلاَ لَيْلٌ دَاج، وَلاَ بَحْرٌ سَاج، وَلاَ جَبَلٌ ذُوفِجَاج، وَلاَ فَجٌّ ذُواعْوِجَاج، وَلاَ أَرْضٌ ذَاتُ مِهَاد، وَلاَ خَلْقٌ ذُوااعْتَِماد: ذلِكَ مُبْتَدِعُ الْخَلْقِ وَوَارِثُهُ، وَإِلهُ الْخَلْقِ وَرَازِقُهُ، وَالشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ دَائِبَانِ فِي مَرْضَاتِهِ: يُبْلِيَانِ كُلَّ جَدِيد، وَيُقَرِّبَانِ كُلَّ بَعِيد.

16 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 91, Page 135 Ali: Khutba of Ashbah When asked: 'O' Amir al-Mu'minin! describe Allah for us in such a way that we may imagine that we see Him with our hearts to increase our love and knowledge for Him.' Part of Ali’s answer appears as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Mas`adah ibn Sadaqah, author of Khutab Amir al-Mu'minin; 2. Ibn `Abd Rabbih, al-`Iqd, II, 406; 3. al-Saduq, al-Tawhid, 34; 4. al-Zamakhshari, Rabi`, I, bab al-mala'ikah; 5. Ibn al-'Athir, al-Nihayah, discusses its unusual (gharib) phrases in several places; 6. Ibn Tawus, Faraj al-mahmum, 56.

17 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 91, Ali: Khutba of Ashbah O' Allah! Yours is the elegant description and the highest esteem. When anticipated, You are the best to be wished from. When implored, You are the Most liberal to be hoped from. O' Allah! You have conferred on me such that I praise not any but You, and I extol no one but You. And I would not direct my praise to the sources of disappointment and centers of misgivings. You kept away my tongue from extolling humans and of the praises of the created and the sustained. O' Allah! He who praises has for whom he praised the right of reward and recompense. O’ Allah! I have turned to Thee with my eye at the riches of Thy Mercy and the treasures of Thy forgiveness. اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ أَهْلُ الْوَصْفِ الْجَمِيلِ، وَالتَّعْدَادِ الْكَثِيرِ، إِنْ تُؤَمَّلْ فَخَيْرُ مَأْمُول، وَإِنْ تُرْجَ فأَكْرَمُ مَرْجُوٍّ. اللَّهُمَّ وَقَدْ بَسَطْتَ لي فِيَما لاَ أَمْدَحُ بِهِ غَيْرَكَ، وَلاَ أُثْنِي بِهِ عَلَى أَحَد سِوَاكَ، وَلاَ أُوَجِّهُهُ إِلَى مَعَادِنِ الْخَيْبَةِ وَمَوَاضِعِ الرِّيبَةِ، وَعَدَلْتَ بِلِسَاني عَنْ مَدَائِحِ الاْدَمِيِّينَ، وَالثَّنَاءِ عَلَى الْمَرْبُوبِينَ الْـمَخْلُوقِينَ. اللَّهُمَّ وَلِكُلِّ مُثْن عَلَى مَنْ أَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ مَثُوبَةٌ مِنْ جَزَاء، أَوْ عَارِفةٌ مِنْ عَطَاء; وَقَدْ رَجَوْتُكَ دَلِيلاً عَلَى ذَخَائِرِ الرَّحْمَةِ وَكُنُوزِ الْمَغْفِرَةِ.

18 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 108, Page 155 Ali: about the works of Creation What follows is another selection about Allah, glory be to Him. In this sermon Ali talks about the wonder of creation. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-'Amidi, Ghurar, 85, 209; 2. al-Zamakhshari, Rabi`, I, bab tabaddul al-'ahwal.

19 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 108, Ali: about the works of Creation Praise be to Allah the Manifest before His creatures because of His creation, and the manifest to their hearts because of His evidence; Who created with no pondering, since pondering befits those who are with conscience, while in Himself He has no faculty of conscience. His knowledge has delved into the depth of all secrets, and encompassed the mysteries of the inner-selves and beliefs. الْحَمْدُ للهِِ الْمُتَجَلِّي لِخَلْقِهِ بِخَلْقِهِ، وَالظَّاهِرِ لِقُلُوبِهِمْ بِحُجَّتِهِ، خَلَقَ الْخَلْقَ مِنْ غَيْرِ رَوِيَّة، إِذْ كَانَتِ الرَّوِيَّاتُ لاَ تَلِيقُ إِلاَّ بِذَوي الضَّمائِرِ، وَلَيْسَ بِذِي ضَمِير فِي نَفْسِهِ، خَرَقَ عِلْمُهُ بَاطِنَ غَيْبِ السُّتُرَاتِ، وَأَحَاطَ بِغُمُوضِ عَقَائِدِ السَّرِيرَاتِ

20 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 132, Page 189 Ali: in Khutba about death What follows is another selection about Allah, glory be to Him. In this sermon Ali warns about death and the consequence. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-'Amidi, Ghurar, 282; 2. Ibn al-'Athir, al-Nihayah, II, 210 (w.f.z), V, 239 (h.b.1).

21 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 132, Ali: in Khutba about death We praise Allah for what He takes or gives, and for what He inflicts or tries us with. He is alert to every hidden thing, who is acquainted with all that is concealed. He knows the secrets of the hearts and what the eyes try to conceal. We testify that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad (pbuh) was His choice and advocate, deputized by Him; evidence tendered both confidentially and in the open, by heart and by tongue. By Allah, this is what is serious, it is not for fun, it is the Truth not falsehood. It is none else than death whose caller rings in the ears, and to its drags men are making haste. O’ men! Let not the majority of people seduce you…… نَحْمَدُهُ عَلَى مَا أَخَذَ وَأَعْطَى، وَعَلَى مَا أَبْلَى وَابْتَلَى، الْبَاطِنُ لِكُلِّ خَفِيَّة، الْحَاضِرُ لِكُلِّ سَرِيرَة، العَالِمُ بِمَا تُكِنُّ الصُّدُورُ، وَمَا تَخُونُ الْعُيُونُ. وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلهَ غَيْرُهُ، وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً نَجِيبُهُ وَبَعِيثُهُ، شَهَادَةً يُوَافِقُ فِيهَا السِّرُّ الاِْعْلاَنَ، وَالْقَلْبُ اللِّسَانَ. فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ الْجِدُّ لاَ اللَّعِبُ، وَالْحَقُّ لاَ الْكَذِبُ، وَمَا هُوَ إِلاَّ الْمَوْتُ أَسْمَعَ دَاعِيهِ، وَأَعْجَلَ حَادِيهِ، فَلاَ يَغُرَّنَّكَ سَوَادُ النَّاسِ مِنْ نَفْسِكَ،.…

22 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 155, Page 216 Ali: about the works of Creation What follows is another selection about Allah, glory be to Him. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Yamani, al-Taraz, I, 334

23 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 155, Ali: about the works of Creation Praise be to Allah, whose essence cannot be defined, and whose greatness has the minds restrained, thus minds cannot find ways to approach the boundary of His realm. He is Allah, the Truth, the Manifest of Truth. He is more True and Manifest than eyes can see. Intellect cannot comprehend Him by fixing for Him limits (thus attributing shape to Him), nor illusions can grasp Him by fixing quantities for Him (thus attributing body to Him). He created creatures without an example, nor with advice of a counsel, or the assistance of a helper. His creation was finalized by His command, and bowed to His obedience. It responded to Him without defiance, and obeyed Him without resistance. الْحَمْدُ للهِِ الَّذِي انْحَسَرَتِ الاَوْصَافُ عَنْ كُنْهِ مَعْرِفَتِهِ، وَرَدَعَتْ عَظَمَتُهُ الْعُقُولَ، فَلَمْ تَجِدْ مَسَاغاً إِلَى بُلُوغِ غَايَةِ مَلَكُوتِهِ! هَوَ اللهُ الْحَقُّ الْمُبِينُ، أَحَقُّ وَأَبْيَنُ مِمَّا تَرَى الْعُيُونُ، لَمْ تَبْلُغْهُ الْعُقُولُ بِتَحْدِيد فَيَكُونَ مُشَبَّهاً، وَلَمْ تَقَعْ عَلَيْهِ الاَْوْهَامُ بِتَقْدِير فَيَكُونَ مُمَثَّلاً. خَلَقَ الْخَلْقَ عَلَى غَيْرِ تَمْثِيل، وَلاَ مَشُورَةِ مُشِير، وَلاَ مَعُونَةِ مُعِين، فَتَمَّ خَلْقُهُ بِأَمْرِهِ، وَأَذْعَنَ لِطَاعَتِهِ، فَأَجَابَ وَلَمْ يُدَافِعْ، وَانْقَادَ وَلَمْ يُنَازِعْ.

24 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 178, Page 256 Ali: in Praise of Allah What follows is another selection about Allah, glory be to Him. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Wasiti, `Uyun al-hikam, see al-Majlisi, Bihar, vol. 77, 307; 2. al-Saduq, al-Khisal, II, 163; 3. al-Zamakhshari, Rabi`, I, 162; 4. Ibn al-'Athir, al-Nihayah, III, 282 (`a.q.l.).

25 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 178, Ali: in Praise of Allah Allah recognizes all simultaneous events with ease. Time does not change Him, place does not contain Him, and the tongue can not describe Him. He knows the number of water drops, that of the stars in the sky, and the currents of winds in the air, and even the movements of ants on rocks or the resting place of grubs in the dark night. He knows where leaves fall, and even the slight change of the pupils of the eyes. I stand witness that there is no deity but Allah, He is with no parallel, not doubted, whose religion is not denied, and whose what He made is beyond question. My witnessing Him is of a man whose intention is truthful, with clear conscience, with sincerity in belief, and whose loads of good actions are heavy. لاَ يَشْغَلُهُ شَأْنٌ، وَلاَ يُغَيِّرُهُ زَمَانٌ، وَلاَ يَحْوِيهِ مَكَانٌ، وَلاَ يَصِفُهُ لِسَانٌ، وَلاَ يَعْزُبُ عَنْهُ عَدَدُ قَطْرِ الْمَاءِ، وَلاَ نُجُومِ السَّماءِ، وَلاَسَوَافِي الرِّيحِ فِي الْهَوَاءِ، وَلاَ دَبِيبُ الـنَّمْلِ عَلَى الصَّفَا، وَلاَ مَقِيلُ الذَّرِّ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الظَّلْمَاءِ يَعْلَمُ مَسَاقِطَ الاَْوْرَاقِ، وَخَفِيَّ طَرْفِ الاَْحْدَاقِ. وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إلهِ إِلاَّ اللهُ غَيْرَ مَعْدُول بِهِ، وَلاَ مَشْكُوك فِيهِ، وَلاَ مَكْفُور دِينُهُ، وَلاَ مَجْحُود تَكْوِينُهُ، شَهَادَةَ مَنْ صَدَقَتْ نِيَّتُهُ، وَصَفَتْ دِخْلَتُهُ، وَخَلَصَ يَقِينُهُ، وَثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ.

26 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 186, Page 275 Ali: about the Oneness of Allah Ali praise the Almighty and defines Tawhid in many terms giving comprehensive detail. Ali says about Tawhid as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Kulayni, al-Kafi, I, 138; 2. al-Saduq, al-Tawhid, 96, 320, 324; 3. al-Saduq, al-'Amali, 205; 4. al-Mufid, al-'Irshad, 131; 5. al-Mufid, al-'Ikhtisas, 236; 6. Sibt ibn al-Jawzi, Tadhkirah, 157; 7. al-Tabarsi, al-'Ihtijaj, I, 299; 8. al-Murtada, al-'Amali, I, 103.

27 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 186, Ali: about the Oneness of Allah Allah manifests Himself over the earth with His Might and Authority, and perceives of its works by his skill and knowledge. He is Mighty over everything by His Eminence and Glory. Nothing on earth defies Him, nor does it oppose Him so as to overpower Him. And no swift-footed creature can run away as to surpass Him. Nor does He need wealth of anyone to sustain Him. All things bow to Him, and in humility they give in before His greatness. They cannot flee away from His Might to someone else so as to escape His reward or pain. No parallel for Him is there to match Him, nor any like Him so as to equal Him…… هُوَ الظّاهِرُ عَلَيْهَا بِسُلْطَانِهِ وَعَظَمَتِهِ وَهُوَ الْبَاطِنُ لَهَا بِعِلْمِهِ وَمَعْرِفَتِهِ، وَالْعَالي عَلَى كَلِّ شَيْء مِنهَا بِجَلاَلِهِ وَعِزَّتِهِ. لاَ يُعْجِزُهُ شَيْءٌ مِنْهَا طَلَبَهُ، وَلاَ يَمْتَنِعُ عَلَيْهِ فَيَغْلِبَهُ، وَلاَ يَفُوتُهُ السَّرِيعُ مِنْهَا فَيَسْبِقَهُ، وَلاَ يَحْتَاجُ إِلَى ذِي مَال فَيَرْزُقَهُ. خَضَعَتِ الاَْشْيَاءُ لَهُ، وَذَلَّتْ مُسْتَكِينَةً لِعَظَمَتِهِ، لاَ تَسْتَطِيعُ الْهَرَبَ مِنْ سُلْطَانِهِ إِلَى غَيْرِهِ فَتَمْتَنِعَ مِنْ نَفْعِهِ وَضَرِّهِ، وَلاَ كُفؤَ لَهُ فَيُكَافِئَهُ، وَلاَ نَظِيرَ لَهُ فَيُسَاوِيَهُ……

28 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 199, Page 318 Ali: in advice to his companions What follows is another selection about Allah, glory be to Him. Part of this sermon appears in next slide as follows: See next slide please Other sources: 1. Al-Kulayni, al-Kafi, V, kitab al-jihad,

29 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes In Sermon 199, Ali: in advice to his companions Surely, Allah, Glorified and Sublime, nothing can escape Him, hidden or otherwise, whatever people do in their nights or days. Gentle in knowing the details, and knowledgeable to oversee them. Your limbs are a witness, The organs of your body testify against you, Your conscience serves Him to watch you, And even your loneliness is open to Him. إِنَّ اللهَ سُبْحَانَهُ لاَ يَخْفَى عَلَيْهِ مَا الْعِبَادُ مُقْتَرِفُونَ فِي لَيْلِهِمْ وَنَهَارِهِمْ، لَطُفَ بِهِ خُبْراً، وَأَحَاطَ بِهِ عِلْماً، أَعْضَاؤُكُمْ شُهُودُهُ، وَجَوَارِحُكُمْ جُنُودُهُ، وَضَمائِرُكُمْ عُيُونُهُ، وَخَلَوَاتُكُمْ عِيَانُهُ.

30 Nahjul Balaaghah about Allah's Attributes Be in Allah’s Care Thank you and May God Bless you. Dr. A.S. Hashim


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