Presentation on theme: "Advantages and Disadvantages + Social Justice and Equity."— Presentation transcript:
Advantages and Disadvantages + Social Justice and Equity
Aid or official development assistance (ODA) helps countries better recover from natural disasters and events. E.g. Floods in Pakistan or the Haiti Earthquake.
The Floods in Pakistan have affected 20 million people, it is estimated that 1,400 have lost their lives and 650,000 people are without basic shelter. While aid money is flowing into Pakistan there are thousands hungry and afflicted by disease.
How has Caritas responded to this crisis?
Humanitarian reasons – to improve the living standards for those in countries with low levels of human development – e.g. low literacy levels, high rates of infectious diseases and low life expectancy.
Aid money helps provide basic infrastructure in society such as clean water supplies, sanitation, telecommunications and transportation links.
Aid money can be spent on education that helps break the ‘vicious cycle of poverty ’.
AusAID development assistance has helped eradicate or reduce the incidence of diseases. For example, the eradication of Polio from the Pacific Islands. Also, Australian aid money is used in health programs to combat the global fight against HIV/AIDS.
Approximately 200,000 people in PNG are living with HIV/AIDS
Teenagers in Africa afflicted by Polio
Australia’s bilateral and multilateral aid contributions help build and strengthen positive relations between us and other nations. It also helps develop trade links with recipient countries–particularly those in the Asia Pacific region.
Trade in the Asia-Pacific region accounted for 69.8% of Australia’s trade in 2007-08.
Aid from Australia is used to promote good governance and reduce political instability in our nearest neighbours. This reduces the threat of civil unrest and the growth of terrorist networks in the region. E.g. work in Indonesia.
Since Bali Bombings Australia has devoted funds to help combat terrorism in the region.
Some governments receiving aid may be corrupt or authoritarian (e.g. Burma) and use the money for personal benefit rather than helping those in need. This is why Pakistan is calling in international auditors to manage the flow of aid money for the flood victims.
Human Rights abuses in Burma (forced labour camps) Human Rights abuses in Burma (forced labour camps)
Aid may make some countries reliant on funds for development and this may hinder the growth of domestic industries. It may also hinder the emergence of entrepreneurial talent that would foster economic growth.
How would you feel?
Australia’s aid money could be spent elsewhere within the domestic economy. This was an argument proposed recently by Senator Barnaby Joyce. However, Australia’s current aid contribution is around 0.4% of GDP. This is below the 0.7% committed by Australia in its international treaty obligations.
Aid is often wasted due to conditions placed on the recipient country. E.g. they must use overpriced goods and services from the donor countries. Also, most aid does not actually go to the poorest who would need it – its is often taken up by administrative and marketing costs. This is called phantom aid.
Aid money amounts are small in comparison to the costs from an unfair global trading system. Poor countries are often denied market access, while rich nations use aid as a lever to open poor country markets to their business. Eg TNCs
Barnaby Joyce Barnaby Joyce Rwanda president Rwanda president
Tim Costello, CEO of World Vision, appeared on the 7pm Project to talk about the Pakistan floods and the response from the rest of the world. 7pm Project 7pm Project Article Article