Presentation on theme: "Advantages and Disadvantages + Social Justice and Equity"— Presentation transcript:
1Advantages and Disadvantages + Social Justice and Equity Australia’s Aid LinksAdvantages and Disadvantages +Social Justice and Equity
2Advantages of AidAid or official development assistance (ODA) helps countries better recover from natural disasters and events. E.g. Floods in Pakistan or the Haiti Earthquake.
3The Floods in Pakistan have affected 20 million people, it is estimated that 1,400 have lost their lives and 650,000 people are without basic shelter. While aid money is flowing into Pakistan there are thousands hungry and afflicted by disease.
5Advantages of AidHumanitarian reasons – to improve the living standards for those in countries with low levels of human development – e.g. low literacy levels, high rates of infectious diseases and low life expectancy.
6Aid money helps provide basic infrastructure in society such as clean water supplies, sanitation , telecommunications and transportation links.
7Aid money can be spent on education that helps break the ‘vicious cycle of poverty’.
9Advantages of AidAusAID development assistance has helped eradicate or reduce the incidence of diseases. For example, the eradication of Polio from the Pacific Islands. Also, Australian aid money is used in health programs to combat the global fight against HIV/AIDS.
10Approximately 200,000 people in PNG are living with HIV/AIDS
12Advantages of AidAustralia’s bilateral and multilateral aid contributions help build and strengthen positive relations between us and other nations. It also helps develop trade links with recipient countries–particularly those in the Asia Pacific region.
13Trade in the Asia-Pacific region accounted for 69 Trade in the Asia-Pacific region accounted for 69.8% of Australia’s trade in
14Advantages of Aid Links Aid from Australia is used to promote good governance and reduce political instability in our nearest neighbours. This reduces the threat of civil unrest and the growth of terrorist networks in the region. E.g. work in Indonesia.
15Since Bali Bombings Australia has devoted funds to help combat terrorism in the region.
17Disadvantages of AidSome governments receiving aid may be corrupt or authoritarian (e.g. Burma) and use the money for personal benefit rather than helping those in need. This is why Pakistan is calling in international auditors to manage the flow of aid money for the flood victims.
18Human Rights abuses in Burma (forced labour camps)
19Disadvantages of Aid Links Aid may make some countries reliant on funds for development and this may hinder the growth of domestic industries. It may also hinder the emergence of entrepreneurial talent that would foster economic growth.
20What is the cartoon saying the delivery of foreign aid? How would you feel?
21Disadvantages of Aid Links Australia’s aid money could be spent elsewhere within the domestic economy. This was an argument proposed recently by Senator Barnaby Joyce. However, Australia’s current aid contribution is around 0.4% of GDP. This is below the 0.7% committed by Australia in its international treaty obligations.
22Disadvantages of Aid Links Aid is often wasted due to conditions placed on the recipient country. E.g. they must use overpriced goods and services from the donor countries. Also, most aid does not actually go to the poorest who would need it – its is often taken up by administrative and marketing costs. This is called phantom aid.
24Disadvantages of Aid Links Aid money amounts are small in comparison to the costs from an unfair global trading system. Poor countries are often denied market access, while rich nations use aid as a lever to open poor country markets to their business. Eg TNCs
25What is this cartoon saying about foreign aid? .
26Articles about disadvantages Barnaby JoyceRwanda president
27Response to the Pakistan floods Tim Costello, CEO of World Vision, appeared on the 7pm Project to talk about the Pakistan floods and the response from the rest of the world.7pm ProjectArticle