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Culminating Activity: Synthesizing Universal Ideas and Connecting to Argument Learning Targets: 1. Recognize elements of transcendental writing. 2. Synthesize.

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Presentation on theme: "Culminating Activity: Synthesizing Universal Ideas and Connecting to Argument Learning Targets: 1. Recognize elements of transcendental writing. 2. Synthesize."— Presentation transcript:

1 Culminating Activity: Synthesizing Universal Ideas and Connecting to Argument Learning Targets: 1. Recognize elements of transcendental writing. 2. Synthesize multiple texts in order to establish universal truth statements 3. Apply universal truth statements to real-world situations. 4. Craft an argument stance.

2 “ Self-Reliance” Ralph Waldo Emerson (237)

3 How does Emerson define self-reliance? How does your definition of self-reliance mirror or challenge Emerson’s claim? Are most people self-reliant? Why or why not? Pair-Share – 5 minutes

4 Essential Questions Should be able to answer at the end of class How does an author convey a universal truth in a text? What universal ideas found in transcendental writing are still prevalent today? How is transcendentalism relevant in modern times?

5 Texts Universal Ideas “Nature” – Emerson ◦ pp “Walden” – Thoreau ◦ pp “Self-Reliance” – Emerson ◦ pp Nature Individuality Tradition Optimism Spirituality Simplicity Conformity

6 Notice how all three examples relate to UT Think about how you can turn your UT into a question that can have multiple answers/ perspectives.

7 Make reference to all three texts. If not possible, use at least two. Choose examples that best reflect the UI. Choose examples that relate to each other. The message that can be applied outside the text(s). What do these examples have in common? Do all your textual references contribute to the UT? Think of this as a “discussion” question. The question should be arguable; there could be multiple sides that one could take. What position does your group take? Provide concise reasons and examples for your answer. I need to check your UT before you move on to Question 20 minutes total Think about “delegating”

8 Universal Truth Poster Create a poster to share your ideas with your classmates. Include: ◦ Your universal truth ◦ Your real-world question ◦ A visual that represents your UT

9 Gallery Walk Wednesday Each group needs sticky notes For each poster, use a sticky note to identify: ◦ suggestions for improvement or clarification ◦ what you liked or found interesting ◦ an “answer” to their question

10 Essential Questions Answer on an index card and turn in How does an author convey a universal truth in a text? What universal ideas found in transcendental writing are still prevalent today? How is transcendentalism relevant in modern times?

11 Last Child in the Woods Richard Louv

12 Goals for Today: Unpack the prompt for “hints”. Read and annotate the rhetorical analysis prompt, Last Child in the Woods. ◦ Annotate for what? Craft a rhetorical analysis thesis statement. ◦ Topic ◦ Claim ◦ Directions ◦ Qualifier ◦ UT Craft three topic sentences. Complete a rhetorical analysis graphic organizer for devices.

13 Unpack the prompt The passage below is from Last Child in the Woods (2008) by Richard Louv. Read the passage carefully. Then, in a well- developed essay, analyze the rhetorical strategies Louv uses to develop his argument about the separation between people and nature. Support your analysis with specific references to the text.

14 Annotations Rhetorical reading entails comprehending both the meaning and purpose of an author’s argument and its intended audience(s) Rhetorical Devices = PURPOSE and EFFECT How do the devices impact the audience? ◦ Who is the intended audience? How do you know? How do the devices contribute to the meaning or purpose of the passage? ◦ His argument : what is he saying about the separation between people and nature? ◦ Diction ◦ Syntax  Rhetorical Questions  Anaphora  Coordination ◦ Anecdote ◦ Point of view – shifts? ◦ Examples ◦ Details ◦ Imagery ◦ Shift/contrast

15 Rhetorical Triangle After reading, be able to answer the following questions: ◦ Who is the intended audience? ◦ What is Louv’s message? ◦ How would you describe him as a speaker?  What is his tone toward your generation?  What is his tone toward his generation?  What is his tone toward the separation of people with the natural world? ◦ What two ideas are being contrasted? ◦ Where is the shift?

16 Who is the intended audience? What is Louv’s message? How would you describe him as a speaker? What is his tone toward your generation? What is his tone toward his generation? What is his tone toward the separation of people with the natural world? What two ideas are being contrasted? Where is the shift?

17 Thesis Statement Write on a clean piece of paper Topic Claim (shift/contrast + purpose) Directions Qualifier Universal Truth Rearrange parts

18 Topic Sentences Write below your thesis Topic Claim Direction UT Write one for each direction

19 Rhetorical Analysis Graphic Organizer Will turn in along with: Thesis Topic sentences Conclusion One per partnership

20 Identify elements of rhetorical triangle first. Why? It will help you with discussion of effect!

21 WRITING CONCLUSIONS

22 THE PURPOSE OF A CONCLUSION IS to bring closure to highlight the universal idea in a “mini essay” to offer a “human connection” to the essay IS NOT to repeat, paraphrase, or summarize the thesis to present a new essay or new direction

23 THE PARTS OF A CONCLUSION Topic sentence ◦ Links the topic (think message – R.T.) to the universal idea Connecting commentary ◦ Discusses the significance of the universal idea in relation to literature, life, and/or the human condition Clincher sentence ◦ Recapitulates the overall significance of the universal idea in a thought-provoking statement, perhaps a witticism or aphorism

24 Ideas/Guiding Subjects for Commentary Literary Movement text is from ◦ How text is reminiscent of movement Compare/Contrast to other literary movements, texts, authors’ style Personal connection/experience with Universal Truth Explication of Universal Truth ◦ Manifestation in today’s society?

25 BUILDING A CONCLUSION... Keep the thesis in mind... Converting the Mississippi River from a common river into a unique, “turbulent” entity, John M. Barry uses an admiring point of view, dynamic diction, and picturesque figurative language to communicate that the Mississippi River’s “complexity” and inability to “lie at rest” feed his fascination.

26 Topic Sentence Barry’s essay affirms that the Mississippi River, with its tireless churning, “roiling,” coursing through America, is an intriguing, complex entity. fascination = UI

27 Connecting Commentary Add the connecting commentary... Through his characterization of the river, Barry offers an almost romantic perspective of the Mississippi River, reminiscent of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s ideas in Nature, by suggesting that a common natural form, such as a river, can so inspire wonder in the human soul. How does one experience this wonder? By becoming that “transparent eyeball” that melts into nature. This fascination, is not focused on the individual, however; like Charles Darwin, Barry finds the complexities of nature themselves admirable: Humans are not the only complex entities on earth, so are the natural forms in which they live. connection #1 connection #2

28 Clincher Sentence Add the clincher sentence... As a result, Barry, like Emerson and Darwin, discovers complexity in the deceptively simple, and suddenly, the ordinary Mississippi River becomes extraordinary. juxtapositio n

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30 Conclusion for Last Child in the Woods With your partner, write a conclusion for the prompt you have been analyzing. You should: ◦ Rephrase your UT in the topic sentence ◦ Elaborate on your UT by connecting it to an “outside” idea:  Connect to transcendental characteristics  Connect to another “world” You should not summarize your points in the conclusion.


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