Presentation on theme: "RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AT JABAL AL HOSS Mahmoud Asaad UNDP-SYRIA Workshop on Microcredit-Financing and Poverty Alleviation in OIC Member States Istanbul,"— Presentation transcript:
RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AT JABAL AL HOSS Mahmoud Asaad UNDP-SYRIA Workshop on Microcredit-Financing and Poverty Alleviation in OIC Member States Istanbul, 9-10 July 2007
1.Jabal Al Hoss is in the south east of Aleppo. 2. 250.000 person live in the area, most of them are under the poverty line. 3. It is 157 000 hectare. 4. There are 156 village and farm.
Why Jabal Al Hoss? Drought, Annual average rate of rainfall 150 - 250 mm. Shortage of drinkable and irrigation water.
Volcanic rocks cover %23 of the total area, and can't be reformed. %55 of the lands need reform.
Water: bought and kept in semi covered tankers which endanger it to pollution. Residence: %46.3 of population live in a single mud domes. This dome is a multi purpose house.
People work in: Agriculture : rainfed crops. Barley, Cumin, Wheat, Lentil %40,2 of the villagers are landless. Livestock keeping : sheep, goats and cows. Migration: %40 of the population migrate for (2-3months). %3.5 migrate for more than 6 months.
Population growth rate %3.4 %51 of them under 15. %51 of them under 15. Illiteracy rate at the age of 13and above %58 and it is higher among women. Household average size is 9 person. Dependency ratio 4.5% person Population Demographic Indicators
Access to Credit Moneylenders from informal credit markets charge very high interest rates( 75 %(. 15 % can access money from formal credit markets. 85 % can not access money from formal credit markets : religious, complex procedures, no physical collateral.
Rural Community Development project (RCDP ) in Jabal Al-Hoss is a joint project of the Ministry of Agriculture and UNDP. It was approved in 1998. Implementation started in 2000. The first Sanduq was established on September, 2000.
Project objective Establishment of a sustainable network of self-reliant local microfinance institutions (sanadiq) to finance employment-generating small and micro enterprises. Low-income people, the underemployed and the unemployed - men, women and youth. Shareholders in the village funds at Jabal Al Hoss. Target group
Project period Phase one: 1999 - 2002 Phase Two: 2003-2007 1-UNDP offers $1,4 m illion. 2- Japanese government $1.5 million. 3- Syrian government: contributes with sp.40 million and provide locations, operational costs, maintenance, and required governmental staff. Financial Resources: 1999 - 2007
It is a self-reliant local financial institutions, concerned in funding micro investments through easy,fast and flexible Islamic lending methods in addition to offering training, technical and social care services. What's Villages Sanadiq?
VF. Establishment Mechanism Establishment application from LC 100 Members (shareholders) Value of share 20 US$ Elect 3 members for the VD Committee 1 at least women 3-6 Months Experimental period Injection Fund from UNDP
V.Fs Financial Resources VF Capital Members shares (UNDP)Retained earning
Characteristics of the Village Fund Model (1)Meet loans needs of the local community. (2)Consider prevailed traditions and norms. (3)Easy and flexible procedures to be applied through the local community. (4)Financing based on the concept of Murabaha with net profits shared among members.
(5) Good governance through committees with sound election and voting procedures. (6) Project management team responsible for creating awareness of microfinance practices, training of committee members. (7) Financial management of the funds based on standardized by-laws and statutes for each of the village funds resulting in “fair” credit decisions and low transaction costs.
(8) Financially viable operations with repayment rates close to 95%. (9)Equal access to both men and women as owners and users. (10)Central Fund: Sanadiq apex fund for liquidity exchange and refinancing.
(11)Support from UNDP in the form of matching grant equal to minimum share capital of village fund. (12) Support from Ministry of Agriculture and UNDP in the form of in-kind donations. (13) Offering loans as Al Qard Al Hassan for disabled.
Financial products Shares: Share value SL.1000 (20 US$), as a shareholder can own maximally 50 share. Any member can withdraw his share capital after at least 1 year of the date of his participation. All the inhabitants of the village can buy shares regardless of their age.
Financial products Loans: 1. Loans type: according to repayment way: *Seasonal loans repaid as a lump sum at the end of the period, Monthly profit margin 1.25 %. *Loans repaid by quarterly installments each 3 months, Monthly profit margin 1 %. *Loans repaid by monthly installments, Monthly profit margin 0.75 %
Loan term: *It is specified according to the cash flow of the economic activity but it shouldn't exceed a 1year. *Average loan term : 10 months. Loan size: *No more than US$ 1000 in the first loan cycle as it is increase gradually through building the client credit worthiness. *The maximum loan size is US $ 3000. *Average loan size : US $ 800 Loan collateral: Two reputable grantors from the village. Signing promising vouchers.
Total Value of disbursed loans: US $ 8.560 Million (11200 Loan)
Non Financial services Hand crafts Sewing Tailoring
Non Financial services livestock and honey bee keeping
Non Financial services Food industry Electronic devices maintenance Electrical equipment repair Hair dresser and barbers
Non Financial services Marketing: For the traditional women products through fairs and economic activities.
Village Funds Challenges LLegal frame work ( sanadiq legalization) LLink sanadiq with banks (for sufficient fund) IIndependence self management through a sanadiq board from the local community. AAccess sustainability levels. WWide spread nationally and regionally. EEstablish specialized links and unions in production and market income generating activities.
1-President of Syria issued in Feb 2007 the legislative Decree no. 15 which provides for permitting the Credit and Monetary Council to license the establishment of a social banking and financial institutions. 2-These institutions aim to offering small and Micro finance in addition to banking and financial services for certain section of peoples. 3-These institutions may be established by Syrian, Arab or foreign boards. 4- Minimum capital of this institutions is 5 Million US$