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Cross-cultural Communication. Hindrances to Cross-cultural Communication  Monoculturalism – is the assumption that all people are the same as in our.

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Presentation on theme: "Cross-cultural Communication. Hindrances to Cross-cultural Communication  Monoculturalism – is the assumption that all people are the same as in our."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cross-cultural Communication

2 Hindrances to Cross-cultural Communication  Monoculturalism – is the assumption that all people are the same as in our culture giving rise to judging other people’s behaviors and attitudes according to one’s own cultural norms.  Monocultural – one’s experience is limited to one’s own culture  Spiting in Meru  Holding hands

3 Examples of Monoculturalism from U.S. Perspective:  Life style in better  Naturalism  Individualism  Economics  Education Biblical Examples :  Egyptian and Israelites (Gen. 43:32)  Jews and Samaritans (Jn. 4:9)  Jews and Gentiles (Acts 10:28; 11:3)

4 Hindrances to Cross-cultural Communication  Elements of Monoculturalism  Equates one’s own perception of reality with reality itself  Assumes one’s own beliefs are accepted because they are superior  Does not respect other cultures or subcultures  Heathen vs. Christian  Primitive vs. Advanced  Superstitious vs. Religious  Civilized vs. Uncivilized or Savage  Developed vs. Underdeveloped

5 Hindrances to Cross-cultural Communication  Kraft’s Three Types of Monoculturalism  Eclectic – selected best customs throughout the world to make a superior culture  Reactionary – ridicule one’s own culture and adores another  One World – feeling that all the world is headed toward a single culture with accommodation to Western thoughts and ideas  Fourth Type of Monoculturalism  Protective – feeling if one does not uncritically uphold one’s culture in it will be undermined by another

6 Hindrances to Cross-cultural Communication  Ethnocentric – a person believes his/her own culture is superior to another  Justification of ethnocentrism  Technological – more advance in products  Cultural – most civilized and advanced (Gen. 43:32)  Economics – we are wealthier  Educational – we are more educated  Theological – Christian heritage  Racial (Jn. 4:9, Acts 10:28; 11:3)

7 Cross-culturalism – is the learned skill of relating to people of other cultures in appropriate ways within their cultural context. Characteristics of Cross-culturalism  Learning the language and culture  Understand peoples worldview  Function effectively within culture  Contextualize the Christian message and life  Respect for culture and people, as own  Eph. 2:14, 19  Rom. 12:10

8 Biblical examples of cross-cultural barrier breaking.  John 4  Acts Cultural differences  Meat offered to idols  Jew and festivals and sacrifice (Acts 21:23-26)  Circumcision

9  State of communication in modern world  Faster travel  Quicker communication  Phone  Internet  Globalization  Worldwide shared images  Greater knowledge of other peoples and places

10 M M R S Feedback RS Encodes Decodes Noise TIME CULTURE Biblical Culture American Culture M M SR R S M M SR R S S = Source M = Message R = Receptor Third Culture R TIME CULTURE

11 Elements of Effective Cross-cultural Communication  Missionary is adapting to culture  Missionary recognizes the impact of his own culture  Missionary is familiar with the biblical culture Goals of Effective Cross-cultural Communication  People must learn to interpret scripture in their context  Scripture not communicators tradition to be the base for the knowledge of God and His will  People develop their own rites  Host people and missionaries share same biblical reality

12 Cultural Perspective with + 3 Worldview Distance (U.S. vs. Africa) God Distant Spiritual Realm World/Nature Diviner Sorcerer Spiritual /Physical Ancestral Spirits African Traditional Religion God Material World Deism

13 American culture  Naturalistic – makes a distinction between natural and spiritual  Two realms:  Spiritual/Supernatural  Natural  Examples:  Disease: germs  Individualistic  Optimistic: thin we are in control  Present-oriented

14 African culture  Spiritualistic – Spiritual powers effecting daily life  Group-oriented  Family, age mates, clan, tribe  Problem solved as a group  Fatalistic – not in control because dependent on rains and spiritual world  Past-oriented (traditional)  Linear in that past generation live on as spiritual beings  Meru juju  Cyclical in that ins some cases the spirit of ancestor comes back and lives in them  Kisigis Kurnet rite

15 New Testament culture  Spiritualistic – Spiritual powers under the sovereignty of God  Group/individual-oriented  Philippian Jailer and his household, Cornilius- his household  Paul, Ethiopian eunuch  Optimistic  Freedom from sin  Release from demons or spirits  God in control and involve in His creation  Past, Present, and Future oriented  Saving event in past  Present relationship with Christ  Future home with God

16 Process for communicating the Gospel effectively  Understand the cultural context  Discern the host’s culture’s worldview  Be culturally perceptive  Re-evaluate one’s own worldview and culture in light of scripture  Understand spiritual powers (Eph. 6:12)  Realize God continues to work in the world (Jn. 5:17)  Be more God-reliant than self-reliant  Seek God’s timeless message for all humanity

17  God’s message guides our understanding of reality, worldview  God’s eternal message does not change with culture  Teach the essentials  Incidentals left to the church in their own culture  Singing  Prayer  Services  Holy kiss  Head coverings

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