Why is community mapping important? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ssn1aX3kxbE
EDUCATION BUDGET CUTS NORTH CAROLINA: The Governor's proposed cuts for 2010-11 follow a $790.4 million reduction in 2009-10 and are on top of the $180.5 million in cuts for 2010-11 that were approved last year by the General Assembly as part of the State's two-year budget. Combined, those cuts total $960.7 million. http://www.ncpublicschools.org/newsroom/news/2009 10/20100423-01
EDUCATION BUDGET CUTS (contd.) SOUTH CAROLINA: The nation’s economic downturn – and resulting state revenue shortfalls – meant severe budget cuts totaling $387 million for schools and school districts in 2009. Although federal stabilization funds provided some relief for 2010, along with a state resolution allowing more fiscal flexibility, districts still faced more than $300 million in cuts for the next school year and had to use reserve funds, cut jobs, furlough staff, increase class sizes and trim programs. federal stabilization fundsmore fiscal flexibility http://ed.sc.gov/news/more.cfm?articleID=1403
EDUCATION BUDGET CUTS (contd.) GEORGIA: Georgia cut state funding for K-12 education for FY 2011 by $403 million or 5.5 percent. The cut has led the state’s board of education to exempt local school districts from class size requirements to reduce costs. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=1214
EDUCATION BUDGET CUTS (contd.) VIRGINIA: Virginia’s $700 million in cuts for the coming biennium include the state’s share of an array of school district operating and capital expenses and funding for class-size reduction in kindergarten through third grade. In addition, a $500 million reduction in state funding for some 13,000 support staff such as janitors, school nurses, and school psychologists from last year’s budget was made permanent. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=1214
13.2 million children under the age of 18 are living below the federal poverty level. Approximately 2.2 million foreclosures will affect 2 million children in the next 2 years, identifying an increase in homeless children and families. Increase in free or reduced lunch. Increased demands on psychological and social work services.
Gifts, skills, and capacities of INDIVIDUALS living within the community. CITIZEN ORGANIZATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS through which people come together to pursue common goals. INSTITUTIONAL organizations such as businesses, local government, hospitals, human services agencies.
Help address or prevent problems such as violence, child abuse, and substance abuse as well as promoting and enhancing healthy families and communities. Not only FREE, but provides resources for schools without program funding. Lessening the load of school counselors while providing resources for students and families
Engages members of the school and community in working together to identify resources readily available to them Supports COLLABORATION, an essential role in locating resources. Complies with the ASCA National Model (2005) standards of school counselors’ leadership roles and the process of collaboration and cooperation with community.
FOUR-STEP APPROACH FOR CREATING A COMMUNITY ASSET MAP
Develop a multidisciplinary team. Examine and assess a current list of identified resources, services, and programs, and identify new ones. Contact individual and community resources. Develop and maintain a community resource guide, and map the assets (Griffin & Farris, 2010)
Develop a team of school and community stakeholders to help develop, implement, and maintain the community asset map. Team must be multicultural competent and not hold negative viewpoints and stereotypes. Do not overlook parents as potential resources (Griffin & Farris, 2010)
Cultural Brokers: Those who are cultural experienced and maybe respected within the community They also may have insight into unlisted resources that families use in the community (Griffin & Farris, 2010)
Identify Current Resources, Services, and Identify New Ones
Start with identified referral sources in and outside the school Ask everyday contacts The United Way is a great resource to locate other resources Individuals with talents and skills
STRENGTHS & RESOURCES Asset mapping provides information about the strengths and resources of a community and can help uncover solutions. Once community strengths and resources are inventoried and depicted in a map, you can more easily think about how to build on these assets to address community needs and improve health. Finally, asset mapping promotes community involvement, ownership, and empowerment. EMPOWERMENT & COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT OWNERSHIP
ASSETS INCLUDE: Improves the quality of community life. A physical structure or place. For example, a school, hospital, or church. Maybe a library, recreation center, or social club. A business that provides jobs and supports the local economy. Associations of citizens. For example, a Neighborhood Watch or a Parent Teacher Association. Local private, public, and nonprofit institutions or organizations. COMMUNITY MEMBERS ASSOCIATIONS OF CITIZENS
COMMUNITY SOURCES AVAILABLE: The yellow pages. Local neighborhood/city directories, published for your community. Bulletin boards. Lists of neighborhood businesses. Ask your Chamber of Commerce. Lists of organizations, which are not generally published. Community resource guides produced by local organizations may be helpful. The local newspaper. Your friends and colleagues.
ADVANTAGES: Builds on existing community assets Mapping the inventory creates a visual depiction of existing and lacking assets Data can be used to raise awareness about the availability of assets, develop or improve services and programs, or to apply for funding Can generate a lot of community participation ADVANTAGES
THANK YOU ALL SO MUCH FOR YOUR ATTENTION & PARTICIPATION
REFERENCES: Berkowitz, B. & Wadud, E. (2003). Identifying community assets and resources. Community Toolbox-University of Kansas Work Group on Health Promotion and Community Development. Retrieved on July 22, 2010 on www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/healthdata/ttt_prog21.pdf Griffin, Dana; Farris, Amy. (2010, June 1). School counselors and collaboration: finding resources through community asset mapping The Free Library. (2010). Retrieved July 22, 2010 from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/School counselors and collaboration: finding resources through...-a0229067304 Jasek-Rysdahl, K. (2001). Applying Sen.'s capabilities framework to neighborhoods: Using local asset maps to deepen our understanding of well-being. Review of Social Economy, 59, 313-329. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (2010). Public schools at risk under governor’s proposed budget. http://www.ncpublicschools.org/newsroom/news/200910/20100423-01 South Carolina Department of Education (2010). State’s severe economic recession, damaging budget cuts lend list of top education stories. http://ed.sc.gov/news/more.cfm?articleID=1403http://ed.sc.gov/news/more.cfm?articleID=1403 Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (2010). An update on state budget cuts: at least 45 states have imposed cuts that hurt valuable residents and the economy. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=1214http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=1214