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Leadership: Principles and Practice Dr Mary Brown Abi Grist.

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1 Leadership: Principles and Practice Dr Mary Brown Abi Grist

2 About us: Mary Latin and Greek degree(!) Moved into Organisational Behaviour, initially as a trainer before becoming an academic Interested in personality and individual differences and how these affect organisational culture Doctoral study on the Scottish Episcopal Church in this context-’third sector’ often more interesting and progressive than commercial ones

3 About us: Abi Degrees Languages/Human Resource Management Lecturer at ABS & Director of GHRL Area of academic interest: Deconstructing Leadership Area of Professional interest: Organisational Development, variety of sectors, latterly within Social Firms

4 Session Discussion Points To explore: What an effective leader is What a leader does How an effective leader behaves

5 Activity Stand up if you are: Taller than average Shorter than average Louder More energetic than others Not too intelligent More confident than others From a high or low social class- not the middle! You are the oldest child in your family Your zodiac sign is Aries, Cancer, Libra, Capricorn


7 So we understand what effective leadership looks like, why are we not all successful leaders? In other words, how do we translate the principles into practice? 1)Start at the beginning, not the end! 2)Focus on the process and context

8 Activity Leaders: What do they do?... Remember this is about which tasks you perceive a leader does NOT about which tasks you as a leader undertake...

9 Leaders: How do they behave? Understand that leadership is a process which is reliant on more than the leader! Are aware and adapt their style and behaviour to that of the environment (e.g. directive leadership) Followers can influence leadership behaviour, outcomes and level of success This requires the ability to know one self and others well!!!

10 Leadership Behaviour continued... We all (leaders and team members) differ in the way in which we interact and how we evaluate information. Two categories: Sensing and Intuition

11 Pair 1 I get my energy from being with people. I think on my feet. I welcome calls or emails from friends. If this is you, write E. I get my energy from recharging my batteries alone reading a book or listening to music. I don’t like interruptions when I’m working. If this is you, write I.

12 Pair 2 I am comfortable with complex facts and figures. I am down to earth and solve problems step by step. I am practical and hardworking. If this is you, write S. I have a vivid imagination and solve problems by hunches. I like to find new ways of solving problems and hate to be bored. If this is you, write N.

13 Pair 3 I am objective and fair. I attempt to help friends in trouble by taking a step back and helping them to consider the best course of action. If this is you, write T. I am empathetic and emotional. I have strong loyalties to friends and colleagues. When friends are in trouble I feel upset on their behalf. If this is you, write F.

14 Pair 4 I am organised and planful. I never miss deadlines but organise my actions well in advance so as not to be pressured. If this is you, write J. I go with the flow and prefer not to have long term plans to take advantage of new opportunities. I leave things to the last minute but somehow manage to meet deadlines by working to the last minute. If this is you, write P.

15 What style are you? Those of you with a Sensing preference are the facts and figures people (S types); Those of you with an iNtuitive preference are the ideas and concepts people (N types).

16 And, within this division; Sensing Judging (SJ) types use facts and figures planfully; Sensing Perceiving (SP) types use facts and figures opportunistically; iNtuitive Thinking (NT) types use ideas to develop systems and theories; iNtuitive Feeling (NF) types use ideas to find meaning in the human predicament.

17 The message is: No-one is perfect: we all see the world in different ways All types have a contribution to make to life and often opposites work really well together – provided they KNOW they are opposites Being aware of your own style and that of others is a key part of effective leadership

18 What we want to do We want to focus some research on the language of leadership: -i.e. What happens when people are leading/being led This assumes it is an activity between people, NOT something that is DONE to them! People can be leaders in one interaction and led in another. The situation and context matter We will use a method called ‘shadowing’ which is exactly what it sounds...

19 Why Social Firms? We enjoy working with (you!)them and (your!)their members Unique challenges in balancing commercial and social purpose They (you!)are set to become even more significant as many people are starting to question ‘pure’ capitalism within it’s emphasis on ‘bottom’ line at the expense of other important aims.

20 We hope you have enjoyed our session. Thank You !!!

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