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Ethnostress: The Disruption of the Aboriginal Spirit A SMARTRISK Learning Series Presentation November 27, 2007 Prepared by: Diane Hill - Aboriginal Education.

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Presentation on theme: "Ethnostress: The Disruption of the Aboriginal Spirit A SMARTRISK Learning Series Presentation November 27, 2007 Prepared by: Diane Hill - Aboriginal Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ethnostress: The Disruption of the Aboriginal Spirit A SMARTRISK Learning Series Presentation November 27, 2007 Prepared by: Diane Hill - Aboriginal Education Consultant - First Nations Technical Institute

2 Ethnostress: The Disruption of the Aboriginal Spirit Aboriginal Ethnicity & Its Associated Stress Stemming From The Disruption Of The Cultural Beliefs That Foster A Positive Native Identity Ethnostress Is The Result Of Oppressive Conditions Forced Upon A People In Their Own Environment

3 The Residential School Era

4 Report of Royal Commission On Aboriginal Peoples, 1996 The Constitution Act of 1867 – Indians And Lands Reserved For Indians Canadian Government Adopted A Policy Of Assimilation To move all Aboriginal Peoples from Their Helpless “Savage” State To One of Self-Reliant Civilization

5 It [civilizing] required a concerted attack on the ontology, on the basic cultural patterning of the children and on their world view. They had to be taught to see and understand the world as a European place within which only European values and beliefs had meaning: thus, the wisdom of their cultures would seem to them only savage superstition. A wedge had to be driven not only physically between parent and child, but also culturally and spiritually. (p. 341)

6 Human Beings remember what they did to survive their pain. A similar stressful or painful experience will cause the memory or internal tape recording to go off. Human beings then react to new situations with old behaviour. Oppression Creates Oppressive Behaviour Patterns

7 Disruption in the transmission of Aboriginal Cultural philosophy due to impact of Residential School Internalization of oppressive messages about being a Native person has impaired the psychological & social development of Aboriginal people Ethnostress As The Underlying Problem/Issue:

8 The Behaviours of Ethnostress Contradiction in Values/Beliefs Frozen Needs Internalized Stereotypes Loss of Faith & Belief in One’s Culture Internal Factionalism

9 The Behaviours of Ethnostress The Narrowing of Culture Culture Under Glass Adoption of Survivalist Behaviours

10 The Aboriginal Community Context: Requires Healing and A Move towards Whole Person Development through the teaching/re- learning of Aboriginal cultural philosophy that can be used to help Native adult learners transform their perception of themselves, others and the world more broadly.

11 An Aboriginal Approach to Whole Person Development BODY SPIRIT EMOTION MIND

12 An Aboriginal Approach to Whole Person Development PHYSICAL INTUITIVE EMOTIONAL RELATIONAL EMOTIONAL RELATIONAL MENTAL

13 An Aboriginal Approach to Whole Person Development PRESERVATION AWARENESS STUGGLE BUILDING

14 An Aboriginal Approach to Whole Person Development Acting on it DOING Seeing it VISIONING Seeing it VISIONING Relating to it FEELING Relating to it FEELING Knowing it UNDERSTANDING

15 The dismantling of these old behaviours or “distress patterns” in order to break the hold that they have on a person’s thinking, creativity and ability to sustain healthy and functional relationships with one’s self and others. A reclaiming and relearning of one’s Aboriginal cultural philosophy, traditions and customs to promote a positive Native identity. Holistic Healing: Requires A Decolonizing Methodology

16 Creating Partnerships and Services for Aboriginal People Often Means The Promotion of Aboriginal Cultural Beliefs and Practices Aboriginal Approach to Holistic Healing & Health Promotion: Requires a learning/teaching methodology or a service delivery method or a program design that emphasizes whole person development for the purposes of personal and social transformation.

17 Whole Person Development to Combat the Ethnostress Is Accomplished by Aboriginal People Via: Sweat Lodge Ceremonies Fasting Rites Personal Medicine Societies Healing Circles Storytelling: For the Purpose of Reviewing Life Experiences and their Impact on the Person/People

18 Nia:wen Kowa! Great Thanks!


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