Presentation on theme: "Adolescent Girls: Safety and Protection"— Presentation transcript:
1 Adolescent Girls: Safety and Protection Dr. UNB RAO, Ph.D(IIT d)Indian Police Service (Retd.)andFounder Chairman,Urivi Vikram Charitable Trust“Beti Bacho Beti Padhao”Panipat : 21st January 2015
2 All problems in India are due to our multiplying population? Demographic Dividend !All problems in India are due to our multiplying population?UVCT tried to find ways and means to transform our“ Burden of Population”into“ Asset of Human Resources”
3 Questions for Urivi Vikram Charitable Trust Founded inwhy Population is a Burden?Problem of drop outs and push-outs ..70 to 90% of total young adults?Why female child is not welcome in a family?Can not we reduce number of drop outs and push outs?
4 A policy frame work for Young Adults/Adolescents ? Answers!Utility of Counseling and Career Guidance- Project Prerana ?Harnessing the enormous energies of drop-outs and push-outs – Project Shakti?(adopted by UN IAWG in 2002 as basis for Life Skills for out-of-school adolescents)Skill building – Project Sahara..A policy frame work for Young Adults/Adolescents ?
7 A 3-day National Consultation in July,1999 Towards a Policy for Young Adults .. Emphasising on the need to accord distinct status to ‘adolescents’Along with 14 organisations incl. Bharat Scouts and Guides, NCC, NYKS, NSS, TISS, NIMHAS, NIPPCD, Delhi Police, HAQ, and the like;About 300 young adults from different parts of India; Reps. from relevant ministries and Planning Commission of India; 35 experts; and UN Agencies participated;Sh TN Seshan , Dr Karan Singh and Sh Bhaskar Barua took the lead;Supported by Min. of Youth Affairs and Sports
12 Adolescent Girls ?Stage of Adolescence is a recent phenomena in India.. Planning Commission’s First Report on Adolescents, June 2001 !Earlier , a girl hardly remained an adolescent .. Early marriages led them from Childhood to Adulthood..Today, adolescent girls are experiencing the implications of adolescenceNecessity to understand characteristics of adolescence and orientation to the functionaries dealing with them ?
13 Period of Rapid Development ADOLESCENCEPeriod of Rapid DevelopmentPhysical Growth : 4 feet to 5 feet+Identity Crisis!Why wait attitude!Tensions of Schooling & early college ... Coaching Centers?Speed in thought and actionExploring and experimenting
14 No longer a child, Not yet an adult Full of paradoxAbstract thinkingStrive for individuality and autonomyCurious and questioning mindSeek independenceEasily influenced
15 WHO’S 53 - COUNTRY STUDY, 2002 Health Risks for Adolescents Early sexual initiation :unprotected – STDs-HIVSubstance abuse: alcohol, tobacco, psychoactive drugsDepression: loss of productivity.. Suicides!Protective FactorsFamily EnvironmentSchool / Institution EnvironmentSpiritualityHigh Risk Factor : Peer Pressure and bad friends
16 Adolescent Girls Mature faster than boys.. Wishes to be secure and self-reliantAmenable for disciplineBut worry too much about looks and self image..More secretive about their emotions..Consider Boys are better friends than girls
17 SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND EXPERIMENTATION Due to lot of media, the youth of today are over-exposed to sex(unfaithful couples, explicit messages, safe sex, etc).Curiosity + impulsiveness = sexual experimentation(effects of Social Media?)The rapid hormonal changes + Attraction to the opposite sex = Risk taking behaviors (unprotected sex, sexual violence)Sex education ? Parents, teachers, school, counselors should be available for information…
18 Safety and ProtectionExternal Factors contribute to 10 to 15 % of the problem .. Law enforcement ought to be meticulous.. All missing reports should be taken to logical ends(only 8 % are rescued); Zero tolerance is called for..Internal Factors .. Known persons are the culpritsNot only in India but also abroadFamily Environment .. Assurance of parental support and confidence; not mere control, but enabling;Being aware of the peers .. Families of peers to meet and mingle to know the peers better
19 Imp. Schemes for Adolescent Girls Sabla .. A comprehensive program..Saksham .. A complimentary program for Boys is equally importantARSHAdolescent EducationICPS .. Should be able to focus on Preventive aspects also..Mission Convergence Model of Delhi and about 120 Gender Resource CentersAll These Schemes call for better monitoring and Evaluation;