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Human Rights Perspective of CLTS Approach (Community Led Total Sanitation) Presentation by - Shaikh A. Halim Bangladesh.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Rights Perspective of CLTS Approach (Community Led Total Sanitation) Presentation by - Shaikh A. Halim Bangladesh."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Rights Perspective of CLTS Approach (Community Led Total Sanitation) Presentation by - Shaikh A. Halim Bangladesh

2 Organisational Profile Vision : A self-reliant society based on justice equity and sustainability where every human being has equal opportunity to maximize their potentialities. Name of organisation : Village Education Resource Center (VERC) Year of Emergence : 1977 Mission : Establish and promote a dynamic and participatory sustainable process towards human development Main interventions : WatSan & Technology, Education, Health, Training & Communication, IBIG, Research, Evaluation and Documentation

3 Enables the community analyzing its own sanitation profile Leads to collective action towards ODF status The approach has proved to be a good practice that covers human rights considerations towards improved access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene. The approach put people at the forefront, enables them by installing capacity in them so that they can feel that their views are important to initiate a process of desired change in the WatSan and hygiene scenario by raising the question how they look at it -- CLTS refers to Community Led Total Sanitation

4 100% use of hygienic latrines i.e. no open defecation Good personal hygiene practices Safe water use for all domestic purposes Water points well managed 100% Sanitation as viewed by Community People

5 Key Principles Targeting total coverage for (100%) sanitation (inclusiveness) Social development not service delivery (affordability) Utilization of Social Capital (sustainability) Sanitation should not be a charity (Human Rights priority) Menu of Technology options based on affordability status of households Engagement of LGIs to steer the process for long term sustainability Recognition and promotion of indigenous knowledge, values and tradition Bottom-up process replaces the top down planning process Exploring local skills, technologies, norms/values and promote (sustainability)

6 Pre-CLTS Scenario People not consulted in planning interventions for sanitation Total coverage was not the issue without which sanitation is meaningless Supply driven Service & Target oriented Prescribed limited technology options on practice Social accountability was not in place Poor, poorest vulnerable people were not in the focus of attention

7 Detail of Steps and Stages of the Process Transect and Rapport building Identification of Key informants Date and time fixation for meeting in the community Entry into a Community Mobilization of a Community Social Mapping Seasonality trend analysis Well being ranking through FGD Vann diagram Presentation and situation analysis Defecation site visit Calculation of feces Flow Diagram of feces Menu of hygienic latrine technology options Total coverage taken as priority Procession Triggering or Ignition

8 Uniqueness of the Approach People’s participation in the entire PIME (Planning, Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation) process to emphasize on motivational role Engagement of all segment of community people Looks at WatSan and Hygiene Education as a Human Rights package issue Total coverage (household, public place and institution) A sense of ownership in community people supports sustainability

9 Challenges ahead Subsidy Vs. community empowerment Decline of water table in the northern region and arsenic contamination of ground water Support for software, hardware, research, studies, innovations Effective coverage in public place and institutions

10 Lessons learnt Shift from the old mind set Demand responsive other than extending absolute hardware Appropriate, low-cost and locally innovated technology Subsidy not needed on household sanitation coverage Local entrepreneurs in the appropriate role Women’s situation / privacy ensured Active involvement of Local Government

11 Community Mapping of WatSan situation Day observation on Poverty Reduction Self-managed public place sanitation block Effective hand washing session with girl students

12 Affordable technology support to people with disability Active involvement of students in hygiene promotion Adolescent group meeting on reproductive hygiene


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