2 CausesSlavery- not a necessity in N (not reliant on a cheap, reliable workforce).Buy agricultural products cheap>make into finished products= $=wages for workersSouth=economy based on agriculture. Agriculture is heavily reliant upon uncontrollable forces: weather,prices reliant upon customer demand and amount of availability.Therefore, farmers do not always make a profit. Many live on credit and in debt.
3 State’s Rights- rights not designated for the fed State’s Rights- rights not designated for the fed. gov’t is maintained w/in the state.Ex. Slavery-not addressed in const. therefore choice of state.Sectionalism-belief your areas are better than anyone else’s
4 legislation Missouri Compromise Problem which occurs: Missouri wanted to enter the Union bka United StatesMissouri wanted to be a slave state. This would cause an imbalance of power in Congress between free and slave statesSolution: Maine enters as free state and Missouri enters as slave state
5 2. Congress drew imaginary line across southern portion of Missouri (slavery would not go past)
7 The Compromise of 1850Cali. wanted to enter the unionProblem- balance of free and slave states would changeSolution: North benefits-1. California enters as free state2. slave trade ended in District of Columbia3. Texas would not annex New Mexico
8 South’s Benefits-1. New Mexico & Utah would decide whether they wanted to be slave or free (popular sovereignty)2. residents of District of Columbia could keep the slaves they already had (just couldn’t import more)3. Congress passed a law 4 runaway slaves to be returned to their owner (fugitive slave act)
9 Kansas –Nebraska ActCreated by Stephen DouglasAreas of Kansas & Nebraska would practice popular sovereigntyProblem- Missouri Compromise did not permits slavery north of Missouri’s southern boundaryResponse- free soilers (against slavery& wants land to be given to western settlers for farming) and pro slavery (4 slavery)
10 Fight violently bka Bleeding Kansas Result-1.Congress rejected Kansas’ bid for statehood2. Southerners realize northern votes alone could keep slave states from the Union
11 Dred Scott DecisionDred Scott is slave from MissouriScott’s owner takes him from Missouri to Illinois to then to WisconsinScott returns to Missouri and claims he is a free blackHow? He lived in a free stateAction- took owner to court (Supreme Court)
12 Outcome-1. illegal to sue/go to court; Scott is a slave and slaves are not citizens (slave codes)2. Congress did not have the right to stop slavery in territories (based upon the repealing of the Missouri Compromise in 1854)Affects north & south- further divides the north and south and pushes them closer to war
13 Election of S.C. declares if Republican Abraham Lincoln wins presidential election, they will secede. Fear-Lincoln will outlaw slavery.SC secedes on Dec. 20, 1860 followed by GA on Jan. 19, 1861Alexander Stephens spoke first in favor of remaining in Union, but later becomes VP of Confederacy.
14 2.Which of the incidents described touched you the most? Why? Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl” Clairmont Press h/o book. Students answers the following questions1.Based on the story, write 5 adjectives that would describe Harriet Jacobs.2.Which of the incidents described touched you the most? Why?3.Which incident do you think caused her the most emotional pain? Why?4.Which of the punishments described do you think was the most cruel? Why?5.Do you think there are nations in the world where this type of cruelty still occurs? Why and where? In your opinion, how can it be eliminated?
15 Let’s Compare south North 9 million (3 ½ slaves) Strong well-trained army & navyNo $ or industryEst. functioning gov’tFamiliar territoryAttempting to reunite by forceThought to be a short war
16 Similarities of Soldiers Under age of 21 (13-21)Lower economic groupsDo not really know about war until fighting beginsWant to be a hero
17 RationsBoth sides depend on food found in woods, taken from farms, or sutler wagons
18 Confederate or Union Kentucky Maryland Missouri Tennessee Georgia S.Carolina Alabama Louisiana MississippiVirginia Florida West Virginia Pennsylvania DelawareNorth CarolinaTexas Arkansas