Presentation on theme: "1 The Scientific Method Adapted from The Research Methods Knowledge Base, William Trochim (2006). & Methods for Social Researchers in Developing Counries,"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Scientific Method Adapted from The Research Methods Knowledge Base, William Trochim (2006). & Methods for Social Researchers in Developing Counries, The Ahfad University for Women & Online Statistics Education: A Multimedia Course of Study, David M. Lane, Rice University.
2 Agenda Introduction Structure of Research Deduction & Induction 2
3 Introduction Scientific method –depends on empirical data which must be collected systematically –does not require explicit experimentation Scientific theories must –Be potentially disconfirmable –Lead to a testable hypotheses Theory hypotheses through deductive or inductive reasoning
4 Structure of Research Research Problem Research Question Program (Cause) Units Outcomes Design
5 Structure of Research: An example Research Problem –What programs might help the poor start businesses? Research Question –Does the provision of microcredit help the poor to start businesses? Program (Cause) –Microcredit Units –The poor people that we provide microcredit to Outcomes –Increased entrepreneurship? Design –Which village to receive microcredit and which not to receive
6 Deduction & Induction Deductive Reasoning –From more general to more specific –Top-down approach Inductive Reasoning –From specific observations to broader generalizations –Bottom-up approach