Presentation on theme: "Project Management Basics Range of projects: Science and Engineering, Finance, Multi-Media All projects need resources: Time, Manpower, Funds…, Research."— Presentation transcript:
Project Management Basics Range of projects: Science and Engineering, Finance, Multi-Media All projects need resources: Time, Manpower, Funds…, Research and development: Government and corporate funding; Knowledge Partnership Scheme (KTP) Design and build a microprocessor control system for precision dc measurement instrumentation. Design and build a new line interface unit on broadband (ADSL) lines to accommodate category 6 compliance. (Design of a passive in-line filter for Cat 6)”. Develop Intelligent Building Management Systems (IBMS)
Government and corporate funding Distribution of Funding in the UK in R&D: Business 66%, HE 22%, Government 6%
A successful project has delivered its aims and objectives, on time and within budget. Longer + Over budget = Bad Shorter and Under budget = Also Bad Project Management Categories: · Project definition: Defining the scope of the project, your aims and objectives and general understanding of the problem. · Research: Find out more, the more you know the better your solution will be. Consider what others have done in similar situations. Research is the key to success in every project. · Planning: Plan your time and organise the work to meet the deadlines milestones etc.
For example, a student may be given an assignment brief as follows, You are required to perform a feasibility study for a project topic of your choice. The choice of topic is up to you, but you must select it on the basis of the available time that you have for this study. For your study you are required to produce a feasibility report and also to prepare an oral presentation of your findings that will last 5 minutes. The report and the presentation will describe the work that you have done for your feasibility study. The report is due in 8 weeks time, and in week 9 you have to deliver an oral presentation to an audience of peers, and academic staff. Your presentation should describe the feasibility study and it should be prepared to last exactly 5 minutes.
Research is the basic means of gathering and processing information. Plan of Action: Where do we start? Plans can change! Planning = organising activities and resources to achieve the desired outputs within time and budget Free project management templates can be downloaded from the Internet. They include
Feasibility analysis Case Study A feasibility study is used to provide an analysis of the objectives, requirements, and system concepts for a proposed system or activity. Examples: Technology, Financial (Investment), Personal.. etc (Unix Mail Server replacement, Network upgrading, Corporate takeovers, Running for Office..) EXAMPLE: feasibility of installing a 10 MW wind farm in a small village near Hasting in Kent. The client has given me one week to produce a report that she can take to investors.
Client Brief Dear Goran, I am meeting a client in a week’s time who is interested in funding a green energy development project to construct a wind farm in Kent. When I meet with her, I should like to have a preliminary feasibility study of such an enterprise, which I hope will interest her enough to fund a full study. Could I ask you to prepare a feasibility report, and also a short PowerPoint presentation for me to take to the meeting? I am sorry that this is short notice, but if we can manage to interest her, I am assured that we will be engaged as consulting engineers on the project. Your sincerely Managing Director
Preliminary Schedule: Gantt Chart Time resource= 7 Days
Report Preparation Tips: Abstract - less than one page written when you have completed the project. Note: In my view an abstract should summarise in about 3 paragraphs the following points, 1. What are you doing? 2. How you are doing it? 3. What have you done? Tells the reader what they can expect to find in the report
1.Introduction set the scene. Why are you doing the research? What is it for? Consider the following: · Give the background to what other people have done in the same general area. · Was what they did useful or could it have been better? · Is the research you are doing going to make it more useful or add to the general understanding of the topic? · You need to number the references. · Be as concise as possible and Stick to the project feasibility theme. · You need to summarise the introduction in a short paragraph at the end with a few key points.
2.Experimental In this section you need to describe exactly what you have done. · describe the equipment · describe the experimental procedure · give details of e.g. powder preparation, disc manufacture, sintering etc · describe the measurements of whatever properties you have measured · You need to summarise the chapter with the key points · Don’t do more than you have to. · Only include experimental results which are relevant. · Don’t forget that experiments which go wrong can be important too!
3 Results and Discussion In this section you need to analyse all the data you have taken in the experiments. You need to present the data carefully in tables and in graphs. You must become familiar with graph plotting packages such as Excel as soon as possible as you will definitely need to use graphs. You will need to understand how to analyse the data using statistical methods. These include techniques such as mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation and linear regression. For comparing samples you need to understand how to test for significance between sample means using the t-test. If you use correlation coefficients etc you need to understand how to test for the significance of the correlation coefficient.
4Conclusions. This section is short. Maybe a page or two and it summarises the key findings. You can number the conclusions if you want to. Talk specifically about Aims and Objectives! Have they been satisfied? Summarise relevant Result findings. Identify any Planning Issues such as revisions and Milestones State Success/Failure of important aspects (if any) You should include a section on suggestions for future work.
5Project Plan Tasks: 1. Literature review 2……Etc to 5, 6. Writing up
6Appendix Insert any software or other information such as data tables not included in the text of the thesis in appendices. 7 References The format of the references is VERY IMPORTANT. Appendix and References
Plagiarism? A very interesting article to read on this subject is the paper by Yujeung Ho, which considers the contribution of high technology industry to regional economic growth. http://www.kapa21.or.kr/down/2007/IRPA/4.pdf This paper concludes that there is a statistically significant and positive effect of high technology industry on regional economic growth. Additionally, the author reports that the regional economic structure varies by the size and the economic activities within the region. Thus, it is recommended that rather than simply supporting any high-technology industry the aim should be to support the specific high technology industry, which could result in the subsequent regional economic growth.
Exercises 1.1 What is a feasibility study? Give some examples of feasibility studies that you may wish to pursue. 1.2 What are the major sections of a typical feasibility report? 1.3 Describe the general structure of a Gantt Chart and the type of information that it contains. Why are milestones important in Gantt Charts? What is plagiarism? If you find an interesting article in a book, how do you report on it?