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Evolution of the Microchip CARTER VARGA 1. Overview Referred to as a 'integrated circuit’. Creator: Jack Kilby, 1957. Idea came from Geoffrey W.A. Drummer,

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Presentation on theme: "Evolution of the Microchip CARTER VARGA 1. Overview Referred to as a 'integrated circuit’. Creator: Jack Kilby, 1957. Idea came from Geoffrey W.A. Drummer,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Evolution of the Microchip CARTER VARGA 1

2 Overview Referred to as a 'integrated circuit’. Creator: Jack Kilby, Idea came from Geoffrey W.A. Drummer, Size: Penny or smaller. Composed of thousands or millions of transistors. Integrated with a bidimensional or tridimensional compact grid. Used in every technogical device today. 2

3 Discovery  May 7 th, 1952: Radar Scientist Geoffrey W.A Drummer presented the idea of a integrated circuit. - Unable to present a working prototype.  1957: Jack Kilby proposed the first working integrated circuit to the US Army.  Kilby's idea: “Small ceramic squares, each one containing a single miniaturized component which then coud be integrated and wired into a bidimensional or tridimensional compact grid.”

4 Founders Geoffrey W.A. Drummer  Radar scientist with the Royal Radar Establishment of the Ministry of Defense.  Presented first public description of an integrated circuit.  Presented at the Symposium on Progress in Quality Electronic Components. Jack Kilby  Invented first practical integrated circuit.  Worked for Texas Instruments.  Chip made with germanium  Partner, Noyce, created another IC using silicon and solved practical problems Kirby’s did not. 3 4

5 Microchip design  Composed of transistors.  Transistor: Small semi-conductive devices used to amplify and switch electronic signals and electrical power.  Usually made of silicon, very compact.  Can contain thousands to billions of transistors.  Advanced IC's are combined to make microprocessors or “cores”. 6

6 Microchips and computers  Microprocessors: incorporates the functions of a computer’s central processing unit (CPU).  Composed on one or several integrated units.  Physical limitations: Complexity of a IC is bound by the number of transistors placed onto one chip. - Advancing technology make more complex and powerful chips feasible to produce.  Types of IC's in computers: -Memory chip and Application-specific (ASIC).  Brain of the computer. Controls processing power through microprocessors. 6

7 Microprocessors History  Term attributed to Viatron Compute System – 1968  1960's: Computer processors contained only tens of transistors to a few hundred.  1971: 4-bit microprocessor  1972: 8-bit microprocessor – microcomputer  Used in the NASA Apollo space missions for guidance, navigation and control.  1990's: 64-bit microprocessor – PlayStation 2, Apple Macintosh

8 Computer Advancements  David Packard and Bill Hewlett: First modern day computer (HP)  1941: First fully automatic, digital computer (Z3)  1970: Hewlett-Packard 9100A, first personal computer  1984: Inkjet and laser printers for desktop. HP9000 series minicomputers with 404MiB storage  1990's: 32-bit x86 processors become dominant in desktops, laptops, and become faster.  2000's: 64-bit processors introduced 7 8

9 Statistics  According to a study by Pew Research Center,  90% of American adults own a cell phone  58% of those are smartphones  42% of American adults own a tablet computer  100% of those devices is runs from a integrated circuit or microchip. 9

10 Summary  Microchips have advanced greatly.  Foundation for all modern technology.  Advancing technology leads to faster processors in smaller chips.  Have become a technological life force for our technological world.  Highly dependable and will be used for years to come.

11 References techupdates.in techupdates.in


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