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Rabbit Product Overview Derek Dippert Product Manager – Digi International.

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1 Rabbit Product Overview Derek Dippert Product Manager – Digi International

2 Agenda Rabbit Product Family Overview –Chips, Modules, SBC’s Application Examples Overview of Dynamic C Wireless Initiative and overview Utilizing the Wireless Web Server –Using the Wi-Fi library, Rabbit Web Overview –Yahoo User Interface –Live Demo Creating an Ethernet to ZigBee Gateway –Overview of ZigBee –Live Demo

3 Rabbit Ideaology 1.…Making it easy for customers to develop and produce their systems – at a reasonable cost. It’s our commitment to providing “low cost application controls”. 2.…Improving time-to-market via ‘well- thought’ modular logic solutions. “Core Modules for lower development risk and fast product introductions.” 3.…Improving ‘systems solution’ for the customer, based on developing technology offered by Z-World. “Dynamic C, TCP/IP, and SSL software provides wide- integration with our board-level solutions.” 4.… Enhancing features constantly; internet compatibility, multi-tasking, responsiveness, installation, security, etc. “add-on solutions like WiFi and GPRS Modems to maximize application control while keeping costs down.” Low Cost Kits for Fast Application Development

4 Operator Interfaces Network Enabled Core Modules SBCs Wireless Modules Complete Hardware and Software-based Solutions Integrated Solution

5 Rabbit 5000 First Rabbit chip to integrate Digi technologies –10/100 Ethernet – Wi-Fi Features 208 ball BGA package Full 16-bit microprocessor 10/100 Ethernet implementation b/g implementation* Internal 128KB of SRAM memory Status In use on RCM5400W and RCM5700 Due to on-chip design complexity, not available like other Rabbit processors for chip level development. Exception is for high-volume applications (>100K units)

6 Rabbit ® RIO™ Key Features –General Purpose I/O –PWM and variable-phase PWM –Quadrature Decoding channels –Input Capture channels –RabbitNet ports General Specifications –64 pin TQFP Package –-40C to +85C –Up to 40MHz clock speed –8 independent channels, each with 4 ports

7 RIO™ Features Parallel Bus Interface Serial Interface(s) 4 pin SPI 3 pin bi-directional clocked serial RabbitNet (Rabbit Expansion Protocol) 32 GPIO or 32 PWM channels 8 input capture channels 8 event counters 8 quadrature decoder channels

8 New MiniCore Series New family of small, low-cost modules Streamlined for cost-effective connectivity –Designed to support high-volume applications –Cost reduced with Higher integration Rabbit 5000 microprocessor Small internal SRAM utilization Edge connector instead of pin headers Ethernet signals only (no RJ-45) Small mini PCI Express form factor

9 MiniCore Series An All New Family of Wired and Wireless Networking Modules Socket compatibility 10/100 Ethernet (RCM5700) b/g (RCM5600W) XBee Wireless (RCM5800W in planning) Programmable Digital I/O Multiple serial ports Proven design for reliability Production ready Ultra-small form factor Low-cost

10 Offering Flexible Connectivity RCM5600W RCM MHz Rabbit MHz Rabbit 5000 On-chip b/g Wi-FiOn-chip 10/100 Ethernet 512KB FSRAM for code (via boot from 1MB serial flash) 1MB Parallel Flash for code 128KB SRAM (internal) for data 36 digital I/O, 5 serial ports 30mm x 51mm x 3mm (1.18” x 2.0” x 0.11”) Target MSRP of $50 Qty 2,500MSRP of $25 - Qty 2,500 Q1 2009September 2008 Low-profile mini PCI Express form factor Socket compatible modules o Design motherboard for RCM5700 o The RCM5700 is pin compatible with the RCM5600W(Wi-Fi)

11 Applications for Rabbit MiniCore Energy/Utility Markets –Energy Management Systems (EMS) –Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) –Green Power Energy Production Solar Wind Hydro Building Automation Markets –Alarm Systems –Surveillance Systems –Access Control –Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems

12 Design Benefits of Rabbit MiniCore Ultra-small form factor opens new design possibilities 10/100 signals on RCM5700 allows user to place RJ45 connector on their product for best location. –RCM5710 MiniCore w/RJ45 in development Programmable I/O on MiniCore enables network communication plus local control capability –Various memory options available Multiple serial ports allow multiple device connections to Wired or Wireless network Ability to design one socket onto product and purchase either wired or wireless networking versions of MiniCore depending on application requirements. RCM5600W and RCM5700 will be socket compatible with future MiniCore module products.

13 MiniCore vs. RabbitCore MiniCore: streamlined for cost-effective connectivity –Smaller data SRAM –Not for compute-intensive apps –Target low-cost web server, energy management, and building automation applications RabbitCore: optimized for compute-intensive connectivity –Data acquisition –Supports security standards: AES, SSL/TLS –Target instrumentation and AMR applications

14 New Product RCM5400W Series Positioning/Features 2 nd Generation Wi-Fi product Chip integration of b/g circuitry Debut of Rabbit 5000 product Fastest Wi-Fi product offered Design Advantages Addition of g (more of a standard in market) 25% faster performance compared to RCM4400W (for the same price) MegaByte Code Support (MCS) with RCM5450W Pin-compatible with other RCM4xxxx modules Status Now Available

15 Volume Considerations SBC RCM Microprocessor Road Signs control Utility management Industrial/automation control Elevator auxiliary system Rail Monitoring Asset Management Cell site monitoring SmartCard reader Serial to Ethernet for legacy Remote monitoring and control Weigh scales RFID reading system POSCommercial medical device Handheld terminals Auxiliary control Time to Market Machinery Control Quantities M2M Applications SBC 1 – 500 Units/year RCM 250 – 10k Units/year Microprocessor 10k – 100k+ Units/year

16 New Rabbit 4000 SBCs BL4S100 SeriesBL4S200 Series Low cost single board computer Mid-range functions using base board + RabbitCore module ~$100 qty 500~$300 qty Base-T + XBee ZB connectivity Ethernet, Wi-Fi, XBee options based on module 12 fixed inputs/8 fixed outputs32 I/O/8 fixed outputs 8 channel A/D8 channel A/D, 1 RS-2322 RS Dallas 1-Wire (mfg. opt.)1 RS RabbitNet port2 RabbitNet ports Optional robust plastic enclosure

17 BL4S100 SBC Series New Family of Single Board Computer –True single-board design, targeting lower product cost –4 Planned Versions (512K/Ethernet/XBee Zigbee, 512K/Ethernet only, 1MB/Ethernet/XBee Zigbee, 1MB/Ethernet Only) Cost Effective Design for Control/Monitoring –Moderate I/O Count –Analog I/O –Screw terminal connections –Optional Robust Plastic Enclosure Launch October, 2008

18 BL4S100: Low Cost Wireless-To- Ethernet Gateway with Mesh ZB on-board offers mesh and interoperability with ZigBee Pro feature set BL4S100/150: Low cost & mesh networking –Use mesh peer-to-peer architecture –Easy-to-use protocol that simplifies mesh networking –No need to define and organize coordinators, routers or end-nodes Message: Rabbit makes mesh networking and control easy to deploy

19 BL4S200 SBC Series New Family of Single Board Computer –RabbitCore Module based for Flexible Communications –4 Networking Versions (10BaseT, 10/100Base-T, Wi-Fi, Zigbee) Robust Design for Industrial Applications –Generous I/O count, High-Current Outputs –Analog I/O –Molex Pluggable Connectors –Optional Rugged Plastic Enclosure Launch October, 2008

20 BL4S200 High Performance Connectivity Drop in control and connectivity for industrial apps –40 GPIO –6 Serial ports –ADC inputs and DAC outputs Networking choice –BL4S230 ZigBee connectivity and mesh networking –BL5S220 WiFi b/g networking Rabbit makes wireless connectivity and control easy to deploy for instrumentation, motion control, vision systems, meter reading, machine control

21 Single Board Computers with Display OP7200OP7500

22 XG5000 Series 10.4", 8.4", 6.4" VGA Color TFT screen (640x480) supporting 256 colors 5.7" QVGA Color TFT screen supporting 64k colors 5.7" QVGA Color STN screen supporting 8 colors 3.6" and 5.7" QVGA B/W and Blue/White STN screen (same as XG1000) Character LCD interface (16x1 up to 40x4) A new advanced X-Graph LCD hardware interface: –512kByte zero-waitstate Video-RAM Rabbit 3000 running up to 58.8MHz 2Mbyte local memory: 512kByte Flash program memory Flash, 512kByte Fast-SRAM, 512kByte battery backup SRAM, 512kByte Video SRAM 10/100 Ethernet Interface USB Interface Dual RS485 drivers (two channels) 10-pin PC-like RS232C header and 4-channel RS232C level-shifter DC 2.1mm power input jack SDCard interface 24 channel ADC and 1 DAC channel 3.3Volt SMPS Dallas 1-Wire Interface Fits a low-cost compact plastic X-Graph enclosure

23 XG4000 Series A multi-purpose LCD interface design which supports: –5.7" QVGA Color TFT screen supporting 256 colors –5.7" QVGA Color STN screen supporting 8 colors –4.3” Screen available –Character LCD interface (16x1 up to 40x4) Rabbit 4000 running up to 60MHz 1.5Mbyte local memory: 512kByte Flash program memory Flash and 1MByte Fast-SRAM Ethernet Interface Two 10-bit ADC channels Analog touchscreen interface Optional USB plug-in board 10-pin XGBUS connector 10-pin PC-like RS232C header and 4-channel RS232C level-shifter 12-pin internal I/O header (available on non-LCD versions) DC 2.1mm power input jack SDCard interface Power supply on-board Fits a very low-cost compact plastic X-Graph enclosure

24 GatewaysEthernetWireless

25 Rabbit SBC Characteristics More flexible software programming compared to heavy operating systems I/O and analog expansion boards provide non standard features compared to PC based designs Zigbee Gateway ability provides unique offering compared to the market –Integrated AT and API commands drastically reduces development time Integrated touch screens quick time to market and rapid deployment

26 Customer Applications

27 Vehicle Tracking France RCM2300 is used to interface with GPRS equipment located in trucks A sensor is triggered when the truck passes through tolls and will send out ID through GPRS

28 Gaming Advansys d.o.o Advansys d.o.o. – Based in Slovenia RCM2100 communicates with slot machine to send data back to a host PC to monitor player tracking TCP/IP RCM2100

29 Energy Management Energy ICT Company is based in Belgium Energy usage is sent back to host computer via Ethernet or GPRS

30 Energy Management Flagsol GMBH Company is based in Germany. The RCM3200 sends back information and controls the movement of the panels to optimize sun exposure

31 Dynamic C

32 Software Overview Complete development environment –C Compiler –Advanced Editor –Debugger –Many libraries provided –Separate software modules available for purchase –Many sample programs provided

33 Philosophy Easy to use –Simple installation (both software and hardware) –“Hello, world” in 15 minutes –Gentle development process –Allows customers to be successful –Simple progression from prototype to complete application Provided with all development kits

34 Debugging Features Editor with syntax highlighting Breakpoints Single-stepping program execution Variable tooltips Stdio window Watch expressions Disassembled code Register window Stack window

35 Debugging Features (cont’d) Function help system Execution tracing Memory dump Stack trace

36 Libraries Standard libraries –Many standard C functions are provided Processor features –E.g., serial ports, quadrature decoder, etc. TCP/IP and networking –TCP, UDP, DNS, FTP, HTTP, SMTP, POP3… Extended memory support Board-specific libraries

37 Sample Programs Samples range from very simple to complex Over 800 samples total –Over 10 board-specific samples for product. –Over 200 TCP/IP Sample Programs –About 70 Module Samples

38 TCP/IP Support TCP/IP stack is included royalty-free –Includes web server, support, FTP, and socket-level programming API is not BSD sockets-based –Our API is generally considered simpler TCP Performance (44 MHz, 100BaseT) –Up to ~470 Kbyte/s reading –Up to ~600 Kbyte/s writing

39 Additional Software Modules These software modules with Dynamic C increase functionality with select Rabbit Core modules FAT File System – File Allocation Tables PPP – Point to Point Protocol SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol RabbitWeb – HTML interface with embedded applications AES - Advanced Encryption Standard SSL – Secure Sockets Layer Library Encryption – For Development PC RFU – Rabbit Field Utility allows binary image files generated by Dynamic C to be loaded to Rabbit targets without Dynamic C. µC/OS-II Real-Time Kernel - Jean LaBrosse's popular real time kernel. This is a preemptive, prioritized kernel that allows 63 different tasks, flags, semaphores, mutex semaphores, queues, and message mail boxes.

40 Dynamic C Updates Dynamic C is now online for free –Includes previous versions to support customer development –Downloads require customer registration Dynamic C is now split into 2 development trees –DC 9.xx supports Rabbit 2000 and Rabbit 3000 –DC 10.xx supports Rabbit 4000 and Rabbit 5000 Dynamic C has integrated most of the separate modules –Includes FAT, Library Encryption, uC/OS-II (no book), PPP, RabbitWeb, SNMP, ModbusTCP –AES & SSL/TLS are now available for free download

41 Wireless Overview

42 RF Basics Basic Communication System –Transmitter and Receiver –Transmitting Antenna –Receiving Antenna –Environment TransmitterReceiverAntenna 1Antenna 2 Environment

43 RF Essentials Maximizing Range –Increase Transmitter (TX) Power –Increase Receiver (RX) Sensitivity Specified in dBm Every 6 dB doubles the range LOS Every 12 dB doubles range indoors / urban environments Increase Power Improve RX Sensitivity Increase Gain Increase Gain

44 RF Basics Maximizing Range –Increase Transmitter (TX) Power –Increase Receiver (RX) Sensitivity –Increase Antenna Gain More gain equates with more focusing of energy Antenna cables should be as short as possible Increase Power Improve RX Sensitivity Increase Gain Increase Gain

45 RF Basics Basic Communication System –Transmitter and Receiver –Transmitting Antenna Focused energy

46 RF Basics Basic Communication System –Transmitter and Receiver –Transmitting Antenna –Receiving Antenna Focused energy

47 RF Basics Maximizing Range –Increase Transmitter (TX) Power –Improve Receiver (RX) Sensitivity –Increase Antenna Gain –Clear the Environment of obstructions Visual (Linear) line-of-sight vs. RF (Radio) line-of-sight Increase Power Improve RX Sensitivity Increase Gain Increase Gain Clear the Environment

48 RF Basics Fresnel Zone –Football-shaped path –Acceptable = 60% of Zone meters –Raise antennas to help clear the zone

49 MiniCore Wireless Web Server

50 RCM5600W Feature Overview Microprocessor Rabbit® 5000 at 74MHz Upgradeable over the air w RPU Full Wi-Fi Authentication i Serial Flash Memory (program) 1MB –SRAM 1MB General-Purpose I/O up to 32 parallel digital I/0 lines 6 high-speed, CMOS-compatible Serial Ports – all 6 configurable as asynchronous (with IrDA), 4 as clocked serial (SPI), and 2 as SDLC/HDLC –1 clocked serial port shared with programming port Pulse-Width Modulators –4 channels synchronized PWM with 10-bit counter or 4 channels variable-phase or synchronized PWM with 16-bit counter Power –3.15 V DC (min.) – 3.45 V DC (max.) – V while transmitting/receiving – V while not transmitting/receiving –Operating Temperature –30°C to +55°C 52-pin mini PCI Express socket

51 Security Terminology WEP - This is the name given to the encryption scheme originally specified for bit and 128-bit encryption –WEP is being replaced due to the following flaws: –Changing keys is a nuisance. –Very easy to crack. There are several free programs available on the Internet. WPA - The protocol implements the majority of the IEEE i standard, and was intended as an intermediate measure to take the place of WEP while i was prepared. Specifically, (TKIP), was brought into WPA.IEEE i WPA2 - Replaced WPA and implements the mandatory elements of i. In particular, it introduces a new AES-based algorithm, CCMP, which is considered fully secure. WPA2 certification is mandatory for all new devices to bear the Wi-Fi trademark iAESCCMP WPA- and WPA2- Enterprise - The Wi-Fi alliance recognizes EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) types to its certification programs for WPA- and WPA2- Enterprise certification programs. This was to ensure that WPA-Enterprise certified products can interoperate with one another. Previously, only EAP-TLS (Transport Layer Security) was certified by the Wi-Fi alliance.Extensible Authentication ProtocolTransport Layer Security The EAP types now included in the certification program are: –EAP-TLSEAP-TLS –EAP-TTLS/MSCHAPv2EAP-TTLS –PEAPv0/EAP-MSCHAPv2PEAPv –PEAPv1/EAP-GTC –EAP-SIMEAP-SIM

52 Wireless Network Modes Ad-hoc mode - Wireless devices communicate directly with each other. Also referred to as peer-to-peer mode. Infrastructure mode - Wireless devices communicate with each other by first going through an access point. This framework is most commonly used when provided access to a wired network.

53 Web development Simplified Develop feature rich web applications on a Rabbit Core Module by utilizing proprietary RabbitWeb scripting extensions as well as the Yahoo! User Interface libraries. Utilize the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern to simplify development and to illustrate building a richly interactive web application as seen below.

54 Libraries Needed #memmap xmem compiles all functions to xmem – Good for TCP/IP programs – Large TCP/IP functions can fill root code area #use “http.lib” includes the web server #use “dcrtcp.lib” Includes main TCP/IP libraries – Must be present in all TCP/IP programs – Configuration macros (TCP buffer sizes, etc.) must occur before this statement #use “xbee.lib” includes customized library from Application Kit #memmap xmem #use "dcrtcp.lib" #use "http.lib" #use "xbee.lib" #memmap xmem #use "dcrtcp.lib" #use "http.lib" #use "xbee.lib"

55 HTTP Server Library HTTP/1.0 Implementation – Works with all major browsers Serves both static and dynamic content – CGI functions and RabbitWeb assist with dynamic content Filesystem support Authentication (basic, digest) supported HTTPS support with added module

56 HTTP Server Library Static content is defined in compile-time data structures – Resource table – MIME types table Content can also be added and removed at run-time ZServer.lib manages resources for the HTTP and FTP servers – Provides abstraction layer

57 Yahoo! User Interface Library The YUI library is a set of utilities and controls, written in JavaScript, for building feature rich web interfaces.

58 CGI Support For dynamic content, Common Gateway Interface (CGI) functions can be used When a CGI resource is loaded by the browser, the server gives control to a callback function The callback function has complete control of the HTTP socket Very flexible, but difficult to code RabbitWeb provides a simpler model

59 CGI Basics CGI functions. CGI stands for “Common Gateway Interface,” however this acronym has a more specific use in Dynamic C— Refers to a C function that is called by the HTTP server to generate some dynamic content for the browser. This is the only truly optional block. Many applications can be written without resorting to CGI functions; however, there are some cases where the power and flexibility of a CGI will be required.

60 CGI Functions Use of the HttpState structure is necessary for CGI functions CGI is a standard for interfacing external applications with HTTP servers. Each time a client requests an URL corresponding to a CGI program, the server will execute the CGI program in real-time. int nodeDiscover_cgi(HttpState* s); int terminal_cgi(HttpState* s); int dioRead_cgi(HttpState* s); int dioWrite_cgi(HttpState* s); int nodeDiscover_cgi(HttpState* s); int terminal_cgi(HttpState* s); int dioRead_cgi(HttpState* s); int dioWrite_cgi(HttpState* s);

61 RabbitWeb Goals Ease the chore of creating web interfaces Enable choices about presentation tobe made in the HTML files, not code Retain flexibility of web page design Leverage web designers’ existing knowledge Take ideas from server-oriented realm (e.g., PHP, ASP) and refashion to be appropriate to small embedded systems

62 Solution Develop light HTML scripting language (ZHTML) Link variables in ZHTML with C variables Enable simple error-checking of user input Use ZHTML to report errors in user input Restrict updates to specific users Allow callbacks to be executed on user input

63 Bringing in Rabbit Web RabbitWeb can reduce weeks or months of complex Common Gateway Interface (CGI) programming down to hours. Using RabbitWeb eliminates the need for CGI programming by handling the association of web variables to C variables and even allows for callback functions to be triggered when web variables are changed. RabbitWeb is an ideal tool for simplifying the development of dynamic web interfaces. {"myIO":[ 0) { ?>, {"index":, "port":" ", "bit":, "type":, "value":, "name":" } ]}

64 RabbitWeb Compiler Extensions #web directive registers variables C variable must have been previously declared Optional error-checking expression (guard) Optional “groups=” parameter imposes security limits { struct struct // AT COMMAND OPTIONS { int ct,gt,cc;// txtBox { int ct,gt,cc;// txtBox int on,off;// button(writeOnly) int on,off;// button(writeOnly) }at;// AT Command Options }at;// AT Command Options}xb_type; void atCallBack();// callback function for at option changes #web (((2 <= $ && ($ <= 0x028F))?1:ERR(NULL)) #web (((1 <= $ && ($ <= 0x0CE4))?1:ERR(NULL)) #web // text box(0-0xFF) #web (xb_atModeOn(>0?1:WEB_ERROR("on")) #web_update,, { struct struct // AT COMMAND OPTIONS { int ct,gt,cc;// txtBox { int ct,gt,cc;// txtBox int on,off;// button(writeOnly) int on,off;// button(writeOnly) }at;// AT Command Options }at;// AT Command Options}xb_type; void atCallBack();// callback function for at option changes #web (((2 <= $ && ($ <= 0x028F))?1:ERR(NULL)) #web (((1 <= $ && ($ <= 0x0CE4))?1:ERR(NULL)) #web // text box(0-0xFF) #web (xb_atModeOn(>0?1:WEB_ERROR("on")) #web_update,,

65 Creating an Ethernet to Zigbee Gateway Ethernet to Zigbee Gateway

66 Fundamentals of ZigBee Low Cost Low Power Security-enabled Reliable Initial Target Markets were AMR, Building Automation, and Industrial Automation (M2M Comms)

67 ZigBee Protocol Where Does ZigBee Fit? –Data Rate vs. Range vs. Battery Life (not shown) Range Peak Data Rate CloserFarther Slower Faster UWB Wireless Data Applications Wireless Video Applications IrDA g b a 2.5G/3G Bluetooth™ ZigBee™ Data Transfer Wireless Networking Wi-Fi® Cellular

68 Wireless Standards Comparison

69 ZigBee Protocol How Does ZigBee Work? –ZigBee is a Networking Protocol that Rides on Top of the IEEE Radio Protocol PHY MAC ZigBee Network ZigBee APS ZigBee AF ZigBee ZDO

70 Protocol Specifications –Supported Networks Point-Point Point-Multipoint/Star –Types of Nodes Coordinator End Node –Reliable Delivery CSMA/CA MAC-level (pt-pt) Retries/Acknowledgments –64-bit IEEE and 16-bit short Addressing –16 DSSS RF Channels PHY MAC ZigBee Network ZigBee APS ZigBee AF ZigBee ZDO

71 ZigBee Protocol ZigBee Specifications –Supported Networks Point-Point Point-Multipoint/Star MESH –Types of Nodes Coordinator End Node ROUTER –Reliable Delivery CSMA/CA MAC-level (pt-pt) Retries/Acknowledgments MESH NETWORK-level (multi-hop) Retries/ACKs –16 DSSS RF Channels PHY MAC ZigBee Network ZigBee APS ZigBee AF ZigBee ZDO

72 ZigBee Protocol ZigBee Specifications –Addressing 64-bit IEEE Address –Unique to every device in the world –Permanent, assigned during mfg 16-bit Network Addressing –Unique to each module within a PAN –Used in Routing Tables –Used for data transmissions, etc. –Volatile Address - Can Change PHY MAC ZigBee Network ZigBee APS ZigBee AF ZigBee ZDO

73 ZigBee Protocol ZigBee Nodes in a PAN (Personal Area Network) End Device Several can be in a PAN Low power Router Optional Several can be in a PAN Mains-powered Coordinator One per PAN Establishes/Organizes a PAN Mains-powered

74 Data Transmission terms –Unicast Mode – Guaranteed Delivery 64-bit IEEE Addressing –Destination 64-bit Address to match 64-bit source address of intended receiver. 16-bit Network Addressing –Destination 16-bit Address to match 16-bit source address of intended receiver ZigBee Protocol

75 PAN Network Formation –Coordinator must select an unused operating channel and PAN ID Energy scan on all channels Sends Beacon request (Broadcast PAN ID) Listens to all responses and logs the results –After the Coordinator has started, it will allow nodes to join to it for a time based on the specified Node Join Time ZigBee Protocol

76 Coordinator –Picks PAN ID –Picks Channel –Assigns Addresses –Allows nodes to join network

77 Coordinator –Picks Channel & PAN ID ZigBee Protocol

78 Router Startup –A new Router must locate a Router that has already joined a PAN or a Coordinator Sends a Broadcast PAN ID on each channel Returns sent via unicast –Router will then try to join to a Router or Coordinator that is allowing joining ZigBee Protocol

79 End node: Low-power Sleep Modes End Node Startup –A new End node must locate a Router that has already joined a PAN or a Coordinator Sends a Broadcast PAN ID on each channel Returns sent via unicast –End node will then try to join to a parent (Router or Coordinator) that is allowing joining ZigBee Protocol

80 Setting Up a New ZigBee Network –Automatically Done by Coordinator Upon: Coordinator Powerup Network Reset Command ZigBee Protocol

81 Setting Up a New ZigBee Network –A new Router must locate a Router that has already joined a PAN or a Coordinator –End Devices join a coordinator or other router. –End Devices cannot join to other end devices ZigBee Protocol

82 ZigBee Addressing –64-bit IEEE “Extended Address” Set by manufacturer – permanent address –16-bit “Network Address” Set by parent – can change ZigBee Protocol

83 Details of the Demo Overview –ZigBee & Using Dynamic C XBee API –Utilizes the BL4S100 to act as the gateway –Web interface to a ZigBee Network Using RabbitWeb Using Yahoo! User Interface Library 3 rd party tools for debugging

84 BL4S100 ZigBee Network Monitor In order to determine if a router has been powered off, routers will send a heartbeat every ~4 seconds. When the Coordinator receives the heartbeat it updates a time- to-live variable for that router. –This TTL is checked by the coordinator every 12 seconds and if it has been expired the router or end device image is removed. The web interface will automatically and seamlessly update every 1 second.

85 BL4S100 ZigBee Control Web interface is used to control I/O of routers and end devices Can also monitor if routers are on and whether a button has been pressed

86 Questions!

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