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Microprocessor 8085/8086 Lecturer M A Rahim Khan Computer Engineering and Networks Deptt.

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Presentation on theme: "Microprocessor 8085/8086 Lecturer M A Rahim Khan Computer Engineering and Networks Deptt."— Presentation transcript:

1 Microprocessor 8085/8086 Lecturer M A Rahim Khan Computer Engineering and Networks Deptt.

2 General Definitions A Computer is a programmable machine. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well defined manner. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (program). Modern computers are electronic and digital. The actual machinery wires, transistors, and circuits is called hardware. The instructions and data are called software.

3 General Definitions (cont..) Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows. Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering data, a monitor for displaying information, and a storage device for saving data. Working station : A powerful, single-user computer. A workstation is like a personal computer, but it has a more powerful microprocessor and a higher-quality monitor.

4 General Definitions (cont..) Minicomputer : A multi-user computer capable of supporting from 10 to hundreds of users simultaneously. Mainframe : A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously. Supercomputer : An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second.

5 General Definitions (cont..) Embedded system: A specialized computer system that is part of a larger system or machine. Typically, an embedded system is housed on a single microprocessor board with the programs stored in ROM. Virtually all appliances that have a digital Interface watches, microwaves, VCRs, cars -utilize embedded systems. Some embedded systems include an operating system, but many are so specialized that the entire logic can be implemented as a single program.

6 General Definitions (cont..) Micro Controller Micro Processor It is a single chip It is a CPU Consists Memory, Memory, I/O Ports to I/O Ports be Connected externally

7 8085 Microprocessor The salient features of 8085 μp are : It is a 8 bit microprocessor. It has 16 bit address bus and hence can address up to 216 = bytes (64KB) memory locations through A0-A15. The first 8 lines of address bus and 8 lines of data bus are multiplexed AD0 – AD7.

8 8085 Microprocessor ( cont..) Data bus is a group of 8 lines D0 – D7. It supports external interrupt request. A 16 bit program counter (PC) A 16 bit stack pointer (SP) Six 8-bit general purpose register arranged in pairs: BC,DE, HL. It requires a signal +5V power supply and operates at MHZ single phase clock. It is enclosed with 40 pins DIP ( Dual in line package ).

9 8085 Microprocessor ( cont..) Memory: Program, data and stack memories occupy the same memory space. The total addressable memory size is 64KB. Program memory – memory. Jump, branch and call program can be located anywhere in instructions use 16-bit addresses, i.e. they can be used to jump/branch anywhere within 64 KB. All jump/branch instructions use absolute addressing.

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