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Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they.

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Presentation on theme: "Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they."— Presentation transcript:

1 Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they interface to external (or internal) peripherals? What are the internal components? Why study the 8086?

2 Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they interface to external (or internal) peripherals? What are the internal components? Why study the 8086?

3 Microprocessors versus ASICs COST AND TIME!!! –Microprocessor based designs can be much less expensive UNLESS Many parts are being manufactured (>100,000) Time is not crucial (design, manufacture and test time for ASICs is much greater than for micros)

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5 Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they interface to external (or internal) peripherals? What are the internal components? Why study the 8086?

6 The Original Von Neumann Machine

7 Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they interface to external (or internal) peripherals? What are the internal components? Why study the 8086?

8 Block Diagram for a Simple Computer

9 Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they interface to external (or internal) peripherals? What are the internal components? Why study the 8086?

10 Internal Block Diagram of a CPU

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12 Microprocessors I Why study Microprocessors? –Why not use PLD/FPGA designs for all digital designs What are microprocessors? How do they work? How do they interface to external (or internal) peripherals? What are the internal components? Why study the 8086?

13 The Intel CPU Family

14 Sequence of ECE3724 INTRODUCTION Programming Model of 8086 Assembly Language Programming Hardware Components of a Microprocessor Peripheral Interfacing

15 Books for the Course K. Irvine, Assembly Language for Intel- Based Computers, Fourth Edition, Prentice Hall, J. Uffenbeck, The 80x86 Family – Design, Programming, and Interfacing, Third Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.

16 How will you this material? Pick up a microprocessor book!!! Know where to look for more information!!! –For the 80x86 family Know that all microprocessors are in some ways similar – Typically used for controlling peripherals


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