Presentation on theme: "1 Comparison of Intel Microprocessor 8086, 386, 486, Pentium II by Hong Li Rivier College, CS699A Professional Seminar Fall 1999."— Presentation transcript:
1 Comparison of Intel Microprocessor 8086, 386, 486, Pentium II by Hong Li Rivier College, CS699A Professional Seminar Fall 1999
2 Introduction Computer technology has made incredible progress in the past half century. In 1945, there were no stored-program computers. Today, a few thousand dollars will purchase a personal computer that has more performance, more main memory, and more disk storage than a computer bought in 1965 for $1 million. During the first 25 years of electronic computers, both forces made a major contribution; but beginning in about 1970, computer designers became largely dependent upon integrated circuit technology. The late 1970s saw the emergence of the microprocessor. What is a microprocessor ?
3 The Intel 8086 Microprocessor It is a 16-bit microprocessor chip available in speeds of 8MHz, 10MHz, and 12MHz. It can address 1 Mb of data with only 16-bit address. This is accomplished by segmenting memory into separate 64K groups of data. Hardware and instructions integral to the 8086 control each 64K group.
4 The Intel 8086 Microprocessor (continued) Memory Structure Data storage in 8086 memory Paragraphs Program Segmentation and Segment Registers Hardware Registers Flags Input/Output (I/O) Structure
5 Intel 386 Microprocessor It is an entry-level 32-bit microprocessor designed for single- user applications and operating systems such as MS-DOS and Windows. Base Architecture the Intel 386 consists of three major components: a central processing unit (CPU) a memory management unit -- segmentation unit -- the paging mechanism the Intel has two modes of operation: Real Address Mode (Real Mode), and Protected Virtual Address Mode (Protected Mode). a bus interface
8 Instruction Set The instruction set is divided into nine categories of operations Addressing Modes The Intel 386 provides a total of 11 addressing modes for instructions to specify operands Memory organization –I/O Space –Real Mode Architecture –Protected Mode Architecture
9 Intel 486 microprocessor The Intel 486 CPU offers the highest performance for DOS, OS/2, Windows, and UNIX system V/Intel 386 applications. Its 100% binary compatible with the Intel 386 CPU. Architectural Overview Real Mode Architecture. Protected Mode Architecture On-Chip Cache
10 Pentium II Microprocessor The Pentium II processor features and benefits can enhance user’s computing experience: Introduction, Product Highlights,Dynamic Execution Technology, Intel MMX Technology, Thesting and Performance Monitioring Features. Introduction Product Highlights Testing and Performance Monitoring Features
11 Summary The Intel 8086 It is a 16-bit architecture, with all internal registers 16 bits wide. The Intel 80386 were included a 32-bit data bus structure and the ability to address up to 4GB of memory. The Intel 80486 was a 32-bit data bus structure, and the ability to address up to 64GB of memory. The Pentium II processor was a 7.5 million- transistor, it incorporates the Pentium pro and the Intel MMX technology, which is designed specifically to process video, audio and graphics data efficiently.
12 References: --http://www.tasc.com/products/horizonmaster/HTML/irm/in/intel/init/html/intel486.htmhttp://www.tasc.com/products/horizonmaster/HTML/irm/in/intel/init/html/intel486.htm --http://www.tasc.com/products/horizonmaster/HTML/irm/in/intel/init/html/intel386.htmhttp://www.tasc.com/products/horizonmaster/HTML/irm/in/intel/init/html/intel386.htm --http://www2.eng.cam.ac.uk/~dmh/d7/resource/intro/tsld012.htmhttp://www2.eng.cam.ac.uk/~dmh/d7/resource/intro/tsld012.htm --http://www2.eng.cam.ac.uk/~dmh/d7/resource/intro/tsld013.htmhttp://www2.eng.cam.ac.uk/~dmh/d7/resource/intro/tsld013.htm --http://developer.intel.com/design/processor/future/roadmap.htmhttp://developer.intel.com/design/processor/future/roadmap.htm --http://developer.intel.com/design/processor/future/overview.htmhttp://developer.intel.com/design/processor/future/overview.htm --http://intel.com/pentiumii/xeon/home.htmhttp://intel.com/pentiumii/xeon/home.htm --http://intel.com/PentiumIII/Xeon/home.htmhttp://intel.com/PentiumIII/Xeon/home.htm David A. Patterson & John L. Hennessy, "Computer Architecture a Quantitative Approach,“ 2 nd edition, pp. 1-3, pp. D1- D14. "Intel Microprocessor: Volume I", 1994, Pg 1-1---1-66, Pg 3-1---3-30. "Intel Microprocessor: Volume II", 1994, Pg 2-2, Pg 2-2---2-85. Robert S. Lai, "Writing MS-DOS Device Drivers", 2 nd edition, The Waite Group, pp. 461- 474.