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EPICS - SVAT St. Vincent’s Advancement Team Spring 2015 Mid-Semester Design Review 1.

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Presentation on theme: "EPICS - SVAT St. Vincent’s Advancement Team Spring 2015 Mid-Semester Design Review 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 EPICS - SVAT St. Vincent’s Advancement Team Spring 2015 Mid-Semester Design Review 1

2 Iron Man Project 2

3 Foot Drop ● Courtney Smith, Design Lead o Junior - Agricultural Engineering, Machine Systems ● Jennie Boehm o Junior - Mechanical Engineering ● Alex Mount o Sophomore - Electrical Engineering 3

4 SWARM- Sensors for Walking and Running Movement ● Sara Harman, Design Lead ○ Junior- Multidisciplinary Engineering ● Hun Chan (Bryan) Lee ○ Junior- Mechanical Engineering ● Daniel Seach ○ Freshman- First Year Engineering 4

5 Project History Started Spring 2014 Shortfalls in current design included ankle mobility and responsiveness Two sides: Mechanical and Electrical (SWARM) Fall 2014 Foot Drop project started, mechanical ankle design transferred to senior design team Current Foot Drop team continuing Combining expertise of two teams to move both projects forward 5

6 Iron Man Semester Timeline 6

7 Foot Drop Condition Desire for Greater Mobility Lack of Effective Market Solutions Project Motivation 7

8 Problem Definition Problem Statement ● Individuals with Foot Drop are faced with the difficulty of moving about freely due to an inability to lift the foot and a lack of effective assistive solutions on the market. Goals ● Create a normal walking gait ● Allow physical activity ● Create upward tension for toe-off 8

9 Past Deliverable ● Characteristics o Combination of Ideas from past designs o Provides more dorsal tension than any previous design o Reduced friction on side of foot ● Features to address o Slightly bulky and rigid o Tension is lost over time from the elastic o Improved comfort o Shoe versatility 9

10 Project Partner Experience Comments on Team “I found all of the team members to be well-spoken and able to articulate ideas clearly and intelligently. They were also very good at listening and picking up even the smallest of details from our discussions.” Comments on Brace With the final design, I am able to run and play tennis (albeit at a lower level). I am also able to walk without a modified gait which not only greatly increases my endurance throughout the day, but it also helps mentally-I no longer feel like I have a handicap. Prior to this brace, running, hiking, playing tennis or other physical activities could not be considered due to risk of falling and injury. Now, I am able to participate in those activities without those risks. This brace has returned my life back to where it was prior to my injury. 10

11 Semester Timeline 11

12 Current Design ● Toe Lift ● Point of attachment ● Hot spots on foot ● Ankle support ● Degree of tension 12 Design Discoveries

13 Next steps/Future Design ● Continue improving the sock design ● Quantitatively measure the success of the past delivered brace ● Combine with SWARM for more testing 13

14 Sensors for Walking and Running Movement 14

15 SWARM Project Introduction Background- current commercially available prosthetics do not respond to users movement Goal of Project- develop prosthetic foot that responds to the user Goal for semester- improve a system of sensors, gather and analyze data + + 15

16 Project Introduction-- Components Measurement / purpose Component Acceleration and rotational velocity Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) Muscle ActivityElectromyography Sensor (EMG) PressureForce Sensor CommunicationxBee radio module MemorySD card and shield CoordinationArduino Uno Computer User Interface Processing, MATLAB 16

17 Project Introduction- Previous Work ● Spring 2014 ○ Project initiation ○ EMG ○ IMU ○ Arduino Lily: Wearable electronics ● Fall 2014 ○ EMG shield ○ Force Sensors ○ xBee ○ Processing 17

18 Semester Plan ○ Continuously improve user interface and adapt to current state of project ○ Collect and analyze data with Foot Drop project 18

19 Semester Progress ○ Continuously improve user interface and adapt to current state of project ○ Collect and analyze data with Foot Drop project 19

20 Semester Progress-- IMU visualization Progress Processed IMU data with MATLAB Goals Real- time graph of IMU data 20

21 Semester Progress-- Processing Focuses this Semester improving graph clarity secondary force image multiple windows add IMU visualization (in progress) save force and imu data to text file 21

22 The XBee’s are wireless transceivers that communicate over a network with the aid of XCTU software 22

23 Semester Progress-- wireless Wks 1-3Research XBee wireless kit purchased Battery purchased Wks 4-5Configuration Wks 5-6Code modification Wk 6Transmission of Force and IMU data Battery implemented FutureSolution to freeze issue 23

24 Semester Progress Research SD card, purchasing Beginning of design process for 3D printed casing Research multiple IMU issue Multiplexer allows for simultaneous usages of i2c communication Added sensors to Foot Drop Brace 24

25 Semester Plan Fix xBee Freeze issue Implement IMU multiplexer Assemble knee component Gather EMG data Design and 3D print casing Save processing graphs and create GUI Use SD card to save data internally 25

26 Semester Plan ● Use to quantify benefits of other assistive devices ● Use in responsive prosthetic 26

27 Test Data Brace Unaided Sock Prototype 27

28 28

29 29

30 30

31 Conclusions ● Brace increases walking speed over 30% and gives sharper, faster movements ● Un-assisted walking results in toe-heel gait ● Brace and prototype both result in heel-toe gait ● More analysis needed ● Next test should include other foot for a baseline of normal gait 31

32 Questions? 32

33 Hippotherapy Patrick Carmody Bradley Barnhart 33

34 Past Work 34

35 Current Plans 5 Possible Phases 3 initial designs 2 future designs Priority is based on information needed from stakeholders and importance to the completion of the project Contacts at St.Vincent Goal : To make the hippotherapy project more closely resemble a finished project in the aspect of safety, quality of components and overall look and feel. 35

36 Phase 1: Handles 3 Sets of handles for different uses Back will have 45 handles made of either metal or PVC Front will have straight vertical handles of same material From will have wagon type handle 36

37 Phase 2: Step Up System Two step system integrated into the frame Possible change to priority list after further investigations 37

38 Phase 3: Axle and Wheel Fabrication Original wheel and axle construction was not sound Wheel hubs Fabrication of wheels 38

39 Phase 4: Design Delivery Find an organization with a need for the design Meet with the organization to discuss additional improvements and modifications 39

40 Phase 5: Additional Improvements Based on feedback, but we have some suggestions Supportive resistance bands to vary difficulty Horse head 40

41 AMC Assistive Technology Team 41

42 The Project Team Stephanie Klunk, Project Leader o Junior – Biomedical Engineering Sean Godfrey o Senior – Biomedical Engineering Anneliese Smith o Junior – Industrial Engineering Kelsey Wasilczuk o Junior– Biomedical Engineering Joey Shin o Freshman - Engineering Matt Derdak o Freshman - Engineering 42

43 Client Background Client: Two year old boy with AMC AMC Background Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita Constant tightness of muscles (contractures) Shortening of muscles and tendons Can affect legs, arms, and hands Challenge: Client has very limited control of hands, arms, feet, and legs due to his AMC. This prevents him from completing tasks such as eating, writing, walking, etc, independently. 43

44 Current Available Solutions Devices that are entirely automated Not Cost Effective - $7,000 - $10,000 Devices do not encourage independence Example – Mealtime Partner $8,545 44

45 Project Goals Overall Project Objective To design assistive technology for our client to help him eat, drink, write, move, and play. Current Semester Objective The top priority is to develop a device that allows our client to eat without the aid of his parents during mealtime. Once this device is delivered we will begin developing additional assistive technology. 45

46 Design Specifications User Friendly Portable Child-friendly (nontoxic material, not restrictive, etc.) Adjustable Entertaining Easy to Clean 46

47 Conceptual Designs Incline Roller Track Design – Allows client to push arm up along track using his torso Seatbelt Design – Attaches from back of chair to client’s wrist Automated Actuator Design – Moves spoon up and down using a motor Richie Parker Design – Rotating rod with magnetic spoon Richie Parker Eating Device Video 47

48 Richie Parker Design Prototype Client scoops food manually with utensil in his mouth Spoon attaches magnetically to the top of the rod Client rotates rod with cheek/shoulder and eats 48

49 Current Design Challenges Magnet Strength Utensil Attachment Adjustability Rotation Options Utensil Design 49

50 Questions? 50

51 Braille eReader Kyle McNulty Daniel Delacruz Daniel Darcy Aditya Goodala Alex Lee Dustin Soliday Jessica Place 51

52 Project Motivation 52 In the United States, over 6.6 million reported to have a visual disability in 2012 Of the 1.3 million people who are legally blind in the United States, less than 10% read Braille. Over 70% of adult who are blind are unemployed As many as 50% of high school students who are blind drop out of school.

53 Problem Currently only single-line Braille readers on commercial market Prices range from $2,500 to $15,000 on average Single-line devices can only display 40 – 80 characters at a time o Requires constant refreshing of device Research teams all over the world have explored a variety of solutions. o Many projects found a solution but were never able to commercialize it. o Federal funding for research projects on multi-line readers has shrunk. 53

54 Solution 54 GOAL: To develop an electronic, multiple-line, refreshable Braille display capable of displaying 800 or more braille characters

55 Battery operated (DC power) Unit cost (commercialized) under $3,000 o Per cell cost less than $1.00 Refresh rate of 320 words per minute o Two full page refreshes per minute (<< 1 Hz) Easily repairable o Each 8 pin cell is operationally independent o Can be removed and replaced with ease Lifetime: 10 7 cycles Wireless connectivity Operational regardless of orientation o Does not use the force of gravity to lower pins 55 User Needs and Specifications

56 Device Specifications ParameterTypical ValueOur Design Device width11.3 inches12 inches Device height3.2 inches12 inches Device character capacity40 Characters800 Characters Braille Dot Base Diameter1.5mm1.59mm Dot Height (assuming no depression from user’s finger) 0.5mm2mm Height of 8-Pin Braille cell13.25mm12.7mm Width of 8-Pin Braille cell6.35mm Raised pin holding force0.294 N~0.5 N 56

57 Methods of Pin Actuation Piezoelectric Electromagnetic Wedges Hydraulics Pneumatics Electroactive Polymers 57

58 Device Components There are three primary aspects of our design: o Mechanism to raise a pin and engage latch (Actuation) o Mechanism to disengage latch and release pin (Release) o Method of electronically control 6,400 solenoids simultaneously. (Electronic Control) Electromagnetics for both Actuation and Release mechanisms Multiplexed matrix display for method of Electronic Control 58

59 59 Electromagnetically actuated pins o Two solenoids per pin o Eights pin per cell Mechanically latching pins o Each solenoid only requires a pulse to move it into the up position, before it is mechanically locked in the up position. o Drastically reduces power consumption and heat generation 20 line matrix, with 40 cells per line Actuation Mechanism: Solenoids

60 Advantages: Solenoid Actuation 60 Current pulsing drastically reduces power consumption and heat generation Overall weight reduction Coils have no polarity, current can be driven in either direction.

61 61 Solenoid Manufacturing

62 62 Mechanism Designs

63 Actuation Mechanism 63 Eliminates the need for any permanent magnets Dual-coil solenoid to provide actuation in two directions (up & down) Relatively simple to implement at 1x scale

64 Mechanism Operation 64 Center of Gravity Video

65 Method of Electronic Control 65 Entire device is not driven at one time o Instead, sub-units of the display are driven one at a time The display is driven at such high speeds that it appears to be continuously active The 6,400 solenoids will be connected in a matrix of rows and columns o +5V pins of each solenoid in a column will be electrically connected o GND of each solenoid in a row will be connected.

66 66 To drive an individual pin in the device: o Apply ±5V to the column location of the pin o Ground the row location for that pin. Braille characters will be set one cell at a time, from the top of the page to the bottom right. Each solenoid will receive around a 50ms current pulse to move it between the up and down position. Multiplexed Display

67 User Interface Design Forward thinking approach to the overall project Interaction Design o Simplify use o Improve user experience o Intuitive and natural 67

68 User Interface: Controls Light green: selection buttons Brown: page refresh Pink: navigation Blue: cursor movement Dark green: navigation toggle Tan: keyboard Red: Dual app slider 68

69 User Interface: Display Battery indicator Five menu options, each 3 lines tall In menu, bottom line shows the folder title In dual apps, bottom line shows cursor position and navigation state 20 lines by 40 cells Date and time If in the menu for the writing app, first item is new file 69

70 Other Notes Light blue line: Valid locations for hubs, switches, rockers, etc. Perkins keyboard to be used for complex chorded commands Square: Menu Up/down: Move a line Over: Move a page Circle: Move a paragraph Trackball, touchpad, or track pad 70

71 Finding additional target users to test our device. Relatively large current required to drive solenoids. Magnetically induced coupling of adjacent solenoid coils. Manufacturing at 1X scale requires extremely precise 3D printers. 71Issues

72 Test device according to the following criteria: o Robustness o Maximum refresh speed o Minimum operating voltage Program an advanced user interface o Converting from Kindle or iPad eBook file to a file that can be displayed on the device. Display graphics using braille pins Create a device that makes computer programming easier for the blind 72 Future Plans

73 We welcome any Questions, Comments, or Recommendations 73

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