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Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Electrical Accessories Instructor Name: (Your Name) 10 CHAPTER
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Learning Objectives Troubleshoot an electric horn circuit Explain how a windshield wiper motor system operates, including the wiper park feature Diagnose the cause of a blower motor not operating Troubleshoot the electrical portion of an air conditioning system Explain the concept of a latched relay
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Learning Objectives (continued) Describe the difference between a normally open and normally closed air solenoid Troubleshoot an on-off type fan drive system Diagnose an inoperative power window Explain how a compression and exhaust brake provide braking power Troubleshoot a Hydro-Max™ booster pump system
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Horn Switches Steering wheel mounted switches are a normally open switch Slip rings are used to allow the steering wheel to turn and maintain electrical contact Trucks with multiple controls on steering wheel have multiple slip rings Clocksprings are used to provide continuous electrical contact to air bags
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Figure 10-1 Electric horn components. Figure 10-2 Armature movement due to magnetic field has physically opened the contacts to interrupt the flow of current through the field coil. Horn Components and Function
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Steering Wheel Electrical Components Figure 10-3 Slip ring provides electrical connection throughout steering- wheel rotation.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning CAUTION It is important to lock the wheels on trucks equipped with clocksprings when the steering linkage is disconnected to prevent clockspring damage. This is especially true on trucks equipped with air bags. Breakage of the clockspring may result in air bag deployment.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Horn Circuit Figure 10-5 Horn circuit. Capacitors shown in parallel with horns are used for suppression.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Windshield Wiper Motors Air motors were used in the past Currently permanent magnet DC motors are most commonly used Permanent magnet motors can be made to run two-speed with the addition of a high speed motor brush Many wiper motors have a built in auto resetting circuit breaker or overload device
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Windshield Wiper Motor Components Figure 10-6 Windshield-wiper motor internal components.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Wiper Motor and Linkage Figure 10-7 Windshield-wiper linkage and components.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Figure 10-9 Current flow through wiper motor high-speed circuit. Figure 10-10 Current flow through wiper motor low-speed circuit. Windshield Wiper – High and Low Speed Operation
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Typical Truck HVAC System Figure 10-13 Typical HVAC System.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Blower Motor Multi-speed motors are used to circulate air in cab and sleeper Utilize squirrel cage type fan Trucks with sleepers have a second blower motor in sleeper compartment Motor speed is typically controlled by stepped resistor network referred to as the resistor block Some trucks use a thermal limiter to protect the blower motor circuit
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Instrument Panel Mounted HVAC System Figure 10-15 Instrument panel mount HVAC assembly.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Typical Resistor Block Figure 10-16 Resistor block used to control current through blower motor to reduce speed; many trucks use an electronic module to provide this function.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning A/C Compressor Clutch A/C compressor clutch is an electromagnetic clutch A large electromagnet magnetically connects the clutch hub to the belt driven pulley Typically two pressure switches are wired in series with the compressor clutch for system protection The low pressure switch will open at approximately 20 psi The high pressure switch will open at approximately 375 psi
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Compressor Clutch Assembly Figure 10-19 Compressor clutch assembly. Clutch field coil is one of the largest electromagnets found in a truck electrical system.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Typical HVAC Circuit Figure 10-17 Typical HVAC electrical circuit. Note the switch ganged with the blower control switch, which powers the mode control switch.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Engine Fan Drive Most truck engine fan drive clutches are operated by compressed air They are also know as on-off fan clutches Fan drive couples the engine fan to the fan pulley, which is powered by the accessory drive belt There are two main types of air powered fan drives: spring engaged and air engaged Air solenoid valves are commonly used to control air actuated fan drives
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Fan Control Using Pressure, Temperature, and Manual Control Figure 10-22 Direct control of the fan drive solenoid valve using pressure, temperature, and manual switches.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Power Windows Similar to those used on passenger cars Brushed DC motors Regulators convert rotary motion of motor to vertical movement of window Directional change is accomplished by reversing polarity of voltage to motor
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Current Flow to the Right Rear Window Switch in Down Position Figure 10-25 Current flow with the right rear window switch in the down position.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Motorized Mirrors Motorized mirrors with dual axis control use two motors; one for vertical and one for horizontal control Polarity to mirrors is reversed to change direction of motor A function table is normally provided with circuit diagrams Some truck motorized mirrors only provide horizontal control
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Engine Brake Systems Compression Brakes – Commonly known as Jake Brakes™, open the exhaust valve as piston approaches TDC of compression stroke Bleeder Brakes – Holds exhaust valve slightly open while restricting exhaust flow Exhaust Brake – Throttle valve to restrict exhaust flow near exhaust manifold
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Compression Brake Figure 10-29 Compression brake.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Exhaust Brake Figure 10-30 Exhaust brake.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Exhaust Brake Control Circuit with Electronically Controlled Engine Figure 10-31 Exhaust brake control circuit with electronically controlled engine.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Hydraulic Brake Booster System Medium-duty trucks generally use the power steering system to provide hydraulic assist An electric motor and pump act as back up in the event of a stalled engine The back up electric motor also operates when brakes are depressed with the key off The standard truck hydraulic brake booster system used on modern trucks is the Bosch Hydro-Max™
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Hydro-Max™ Brake Boost Pump and Motor Figure 10-32 Hydro-Max ™ hydraulic brake booster pump and motor.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Relay Used as a Latch Figure 10-34 Relay used as a latch.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Relay Remains Latched Until ON-Off Switch is Cycled Figure 10-35 Relay is latched on until the on-off switch is cycled to break the latch.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Summary Electrical accessories refers to items that improve safety and diver comfort. Electric horns are electromagnetic devices. Current flow through the windings is interrupted repeatedly to cause a diaphragm to move up and down to emit a tone. Windshield wiper systems typically use a two speed permanent magnet brushed DC motor. The two speeds are obtained by positioning one of the brushes to change the magnetic field strength to the armature windings.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Summary (continued) The wiper motor mechanical linkage system causes the wipers to travel back and forth across the windshield. Intermittent wiper systems often use the wiper park system to provide one sweep of the wipers. A brief pulse is supplied to the park motor, causing the wipers to move off the park position and return to the park position.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Summary (continued) The electrical portion of the HVAC system on a truck typically includes the blower motor and the A/C clutch. Blower motor speed is often controlled by switching in a series of resistors known as a resistor block. The engine fan drive on many trucks is an electrically controlled pneumatic system. The engine fan can be engaged when needed for the A/C system or when the engine coolant temperature increases.
Copyright © 2014 Delmar, Cengage Learning Summary (continued) Power window motors typically use permanent magnet DC motors. Reversing the current flow through the motors causes the windows to be raised or lowered. The switches on the power window system control the direction of current flow through the power window motors. The brake booster system on a truck with hydraulic brakes may use an electric motor to drive a pump, should the engine stall.
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