Presentation on theme: "Because who can get everything right the first time?"— Presentation transcript:
1Because who can get everything right the first time? The AmendmentsBecause who can get everything right the first time?
2Bill of Rights Amendments 1-10 Remember the three categories “Revolution Reaction” 1-4The Law and the Courts 5-8Non-Rights Amendments 9-10
3Amendment 11 Proposed: March 4, 1794 Ratified: February 7, 1795 Makes States immune from suits from out-of- state citizens and foreigners not living within the stateSovereign Immunity: States cannot be sued in court unless they agree to itNot really an issue anymore
4Amendment 12 Proposed: December 9, 1803 Ratified: June 15, 1804 Changed Presidential Electionsand the Vice President:Vote for President and Vice President separatelyVice President must be constitutionally eligible to be PresidentVice President granted powers of President should something happen to the President
5Vice President requirements 35 Years OldNatural Born Citizen14 Years in the United StatesSame as Pres!
6The Civil WarBiggest single event that changes the Constitution
813th Amendment Proposed: January 31, 1865 Ratified: December 6, 1865 Abolishes Slavery and involuntary servitude. Except as punishment for a crimeAllows Congress to pass laws against Sex trafficking in the modern era
914th Amendment (This is a big one) Proposed: June 13, 1866Ratified: July 9, 1868Deals with:CitizenshipPrivileges or ImmunitiesDue Process (In the States)Equal ProtectionPost-Civil War issues
10Section One- The most used section of any Amendment in the Supreme Court Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
11Citizenship Under the 14th Designed to protect the newly freed slaves“Citizenship: to all person’s born in the United States not under a foreign power”Issues?Native AmericansChildren of Illegal Immigrants
12Privileges or Immunities Clause Protects Privileges and Immunities of National citizenship from interference by the statesEx:Access to seaports and navigable waterwaysRight to run for federal officeProtection of the federal government while on the high seas or in the jurisdiction of a foreign countryRight to travel to the seat of governmentRight to peaceably assemble and petition the governmentPrivilege of the writ of habeas corpusRight to participate in the government's administration
13Right to Privacy in the 14th Due Process ClauseRight to Privacy is part of Due ProcessRight to Privacy is your personal “Liberty”Used in cases dealing with:AbortionGay RightsBirth Control
14Equal Protection in the 14th States must provide equal protection under the law to all people within its jurisdictionCreated to protect freed slaves that lived in states with “Black Codes”Used in:Brown v. Board of EducationRegents of the University of California v. BakkeReed v. ReedShaw v. Reno “One Man, One Vote”Bush v. Gore
1515th Amendment Proposed: February 26, 1869 Ratified: February 3, 1870 Suffrage cannot be denied based on:RaceColorPrevious condition of servitude
1616th Amendment Proposed: July 12, 1909 Ratified: February 3, 1913 Allows the Federal Government to collect income tax
1717th Amendment Proposed: May 13, 1912 Ratified: April 8, 1913 Established the direct election of Senators by popular vote (Our vote)Before:State legislatures picked SenatorsWhy was this changed made?
1818th Amendment Proposed: Dec 18, 1917 Ratified: Jan 16, 1919 Prohibition of Alcohol!Production, Transport, and Sale illegalConsumption & Private Possession still OK
1919th Amendment Proposed: June 4, 1919 Ratified: August 18, 1920 Granted Women suffrage
2120th Amendment Proposed: March 2, 1932 Ratified: January 23, 1933 Moved start of Presidents term fromMarch 4th to January 20thMoved start of Senators term fromMarch 4th to January 3rdWhy? Thoughts?Called the “Lame Duck Amendment”
22Can you delete something from the Constitution? No.You can “repeal” itBasically say it is no longer valid
2321st Amendment Proposed: Feb 20, 1933 Ratified: Dec 5, 1933 Repealed the 18th amendment18th is the only amendment to be repealed
2422nd Amendment Proposed: March 24, 1947 Ratified: Feb, 27 1951 Limits number of times a person can be elected President to twoPerson who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected cannot be elected more than onceMax number of years someone can be president: 10
2523rd Amendment Proposed: June 16, 1960 Ratified: March 29, 1961 D.C. represented in electoral college
2624th Amendment Proposed: Sep 14, 1962 Ratified: Jan 23, 1964 Prohibits Poll Taxes from blocking voting
2725th Amendment Proposed: July 6, 1965 Ratified: Feb 10, 1967 Sets process of Presidential SuccessionDeals with Presidential disabilitiesAllows a President to appoint aNew VP if there is no VP
31Text of a Letter from the President to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate June 29, 2002Dear Mr. President:As my staff has previously communicated to you, I will undergo this morning a routine medical procedure requiring sedation. In view of present circumstances, I have determined to transfer temporarily my Constitutional powers and duties to the Vice President during the brief period of the procedure and recovery.Accordingly, in accordance with the provisions of Section 3 of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, this letter shall constitute my written declaration that I am unable to discharge the Constitutional powers and duties of the office of President of the United States. Pursuant to Section 3, the Vice President shall discharge those powers and duties as Acting President until I transmit to you a written declaration that I am able to resume the discharge of those powers and duties.Sincerely,
32Text of a Letter from the President to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate June 29, 2002 Dear Mr. President: In accordance with the provisions of Section 3 of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, this letter shall constitute my written declaration that I am presently able to resume the discharge of the Constitutional powers and duties of the office of President of the United States. With the transmittal of this letter, I am resuming those powers and duties effective immediately. Sincerely,
33Dear Kate, Elizabeth, Grace, Philip, Richard and Sam, As I write this, our nation is engaged in a war with terrorists of global reach. My principal focus as Vice President has been to help protect the American people and our way of life. The vigilance, diligence and unwavering commitment of those who protect our Nation has kept us safe from terrorist attacks of the kind we faced on September 11, We owe a special debt of gratitude to the members of our armed forces, intelligence agencies, law enforcement agencies and others who serve and sacrifice to keep us safe and free. As you grow, you will come to understand the sacrifices that each generation makes to preserve freedom and democracy for future generations, and you will assume the important responsibilities of citizens in our society. I ask of you as my grandchildren what I asked of my daughters, that you always strive in your lives to do what is right. May God bless and protect you. Acting President of the United States (Grandpa Cheney)
3426th Amendment Proposed: March 23, 1971 Ratified: July 1, 1971 Right to Vote for those age 18 and olderBefore it was State by statemost you had to be 21
3527th Amendment Proposed: Sep, 25 1789 Ratified: May 7, 1992 Prevents laws affecting Congressional salary from taking effect until after the next election of representatives.Basically cannot give themselves raises
37Exit TicketWhich Amendment was repealed and which amendment repealed it?Which Amendment gave D.C. electoral college votes?Which two Amendments deal with giving people the right to vote?Which Three Amendments make up the Reconstruction Amendments?Most used Amendment in the Supreme Court?