Presentation on theme: "The Constitution of the United States: The Rule Book for the Nation"— Presentation transcript:
1The Constitution of the United States: The Rule Book for the Nation Making of the Modern WorldHindes
2The Preamble: The introduction to the Constitution “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”
3Organization of the Constitution: The table of contents Articles – Largest Chunks or ChaptersArticle 1 - The Legislative BranchArticle 2 - The Executive BranchArticle 3 - The Judicial BranchArticle 4 - The StatesArticle 5 – AmendmentArticle 6 - Debts, Supremacy, OathsArticle 7 – RatificationSections – Most Articles are broken into smaller partsClauses – Most Sections are made up of even smaller piecesThe system helps identify location of information.
4Separation of Powers: Federalism & Checks and Balances Federal Government“Supreme Law”- Art. 6 Cls. 2State Governments“Local Control”
5Legislative Process: How a Bill becomes Law The Basic Law Making ProcessHouseSenate1st Reading – Send to Committee1st Reading- Sent to CommitteeCommittee Work2nd Reading & Floor Debate2nd Reading and Floor Debate3rd Reading & Vote – Sent to Senate3rd Reading & Vote – Sent to HouseConference Committee Process (if needed)Bill sent to Executive for Signature LawIf the Executive Vetoes the Bill the Legislative Branch can override the veto with a 2/3 majority in both chambers.Basically, a bill must pass through both the House and SenateAND get signed by the Executive to become a law.
6Amending the Constitution: How to clarify or make changes to the rules. Article 5 outlines the rules for amending the ConstitutionClarify the rulesDetailed explanation of citizenship in the 14th Amendment:“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”Change the rulesSuch as the 17th Amendment changing who elects Senators:“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years;”The Bill of Rights were the First 10 AmendmentsIntended to protect the rights of the people.
7Due Process of Law: How laws are enforced The Constitution guarantees that the government cannot take away a person's basic rights to 'life, liberty or property, without due process of law.'TrialsRight to a fair and public trialRight to be present at the trialRight to an impartial juryRight to be heard in one's own defenseTaxes may only be taken for public purposesProperty may be taken by the governmentOnly for public purposesOwners of taken property must be fairly compensated
8Judicial Review: (not explicitly in Const Judicial Review: (not explicitly in Const.) Power of the courts to overturn or limit laws that are determined to be unconstitutional.The word of the Supreme Court is final.Overturning its decisions often requires an amendment to the Constitution or a revision of Federal law.Marbury v. Madison, 1803 Supreme Court CaseThe Supreme Court decided that a law that violates the “rules” can be declared unconstitutional and struck down.Established the power of “judicial review”.Appeals ProcessClaimants must work their way up through the lower courts before appealing to the Supreme Court.State District Court State Appeals Court State Supreme Court Federal District Court Federal Appeals Court USSC* * When challenging Federal Law start in Federal. Court.