Author Moses Wrote the first 5 books – What are the first five books?
Outline Chapters 1 – 11: Four major events: – Chapters 1 – 2: The creation – Chapters 3 – 5: The fall – Chapters 6 – 9: The flood – Chapters 10 – 11: Descendants and Confusion of the languages at the Tower of Babel
Outline Chapters 12 – 50: Four main characters: – Abraham (12:1-25:18) – Isaac (25:19 – 26:35) – Jacob (27 – 36) – Joseph (37 – 50)
Patriarchs Abraham, Father of Israel – Establish faith that God requires by Test of Obedience Test of Values Test of love and loyalty Test of faith – God’s promise is originated, anchored in him – Seal of faith and seal of promise
Patriarchs II Isaac – God establishes Isaac’s family (23:1-24:67) – Distress in transmission of Blessings (25:19-34) – Test of faith and God’s blessing in Isaac’s family (26:1-35)
Patriarchs III Jacob – Personal encounter with God and receiving God’s promise (27:1-28:22) – Jacob’s marriage (29:1-30:24) – Jacob’s struggle for blessing (30:25-31:55) – New Beginning of Jacob’s faith (32:12-33:20) – Reaffirmation of God’s promise (34-35) – Esau, a twin without God’s promise(36- 37:1a)
Patriarch IV Joseph – Joseph, a flickering light of God, among sinful brothers(37:2b-36) – Judah, a man of sin (38) – Joseph’s righteousness in distress(39) – God’s sovereign will in Joseph(40-41:57) – Saving of Israel(42-50:26)
Who are the “Sons of God”? Genesis 6:1-8 Background – Cain and Abel Cain killed Abel – Adam knew his wife and had Seth – Cain’s seed are the sons of men – Seth’s seed are the sons of God This breakdown is the reason of the flood, when it says that the son’s of God took the daughters of men to wife Substantial increase in violence and depravity of men.
Nephillim? This term is used to refer to the seed of the sons of God and daughters of men In the movie Noah and other literature, The sons of God is interpreted as fallen Angels and Nephillim are half angles, half humans This is an unacceptable interpretation in Orthodoxy
Meaning of Genesis 6 to us We are in constant battle with the people who conform to this world: – For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works. (2 Corinthians 11: 13 – 15)
The Flood (Genesis 6:9 – 8:22) Reasons: v9-12 Revelation concerning the flood v13-21 The flood was designed to wipe away sin The ark was designed to save Noah and his family Noah was a righteous man blameless in his time. – Righteous: Saddiq: Noah conformed to the divine standard and met with God’s approval – Blameless: tamim: means complete
Noah’s Righteousness From faith – By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith. God’s grace saved Noah and his family (not works) – But Noah though face obeyed God, exerting effort (building the ark) that saved. NOTE: the concept of grace and works.
The Preservation of Man Genesis 5:32 – Noah was 500 years Genesis 7:2 – Noah was 600 years when the flood of waters was upon the earth About 100 years spent making the ark. Waters from above and from below (maybe tsunamis, etc) 40 days of rain Waters prevailed on the earth for a total of 150 days Subsided over several months Noah and family spent more than a year in the ark.
The Promise Noah sacrificed from every clean animal. God’s response to the sacrifice is a promise: – And the L ORD smelled a sweet savour; and the L ORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease. Why would God make this commitment? – Was he sorry for what he has done?
The Commitment The flood was only a temporary solution Problem is not with the creation, but with the sin. Sin was dealt a fatal blow at the coming of the Messaiah. – Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new. (2 Corinthians 5:17) – O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
The Ultimate Salvation The Ultimate Salvation is renewed because of Noah’s expression of faith through a sacrificial offering At the end we look forward to everything new – Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness (2 Peter 3:12-13)
Meanings Difference between Noah and those who perished is the response to God’s grace. – Divine indifference Vs – An opportunity to enter into an eternal and intimate relationship with God. Noah spent his days walking with God, building the ark, proclaiming the good word of God.
The 2 nd Coming 37 But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, 39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. 41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left. 42 Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come. (Matthew 24: 37 - 42)
Key Points The age of grace has a limit We must respond to God’s grace and not waste time, just as Noah did. God’s wrath could be slow, but is certain There is a time where the offer for salvation will be withdrawn. God’s way of salvation was restrictive. – God provided only 1 way to be saved… The ARK – God provided only 1 door into the ARK (John 14:6)
Typology Noah : the one who shall give rest Noah : righteous in his own generation Noah : perfect in his generation Noah : walked with God Noah : portrayed as the only one who built the ark Flood : washes away the sins of many Ark : saves humans Ark : had one door Ark : was the only way to be saved