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CHAPTER 11: TODAY’S ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA.  Vegetation helps clean the atmosphere, regulate climate, and shelter millions of species  Biodiversity:

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 11: TODAY’S ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA.  Vegetation helps clean the atmosphere, regulate climate, and shelter millions of species  Biodiversity:"— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 11: TODAY’S ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA

2  Vegetation helps clean the atmosphere, regulate climate, and shelter millions of species  Biodiversity: the variety of organisms within an ecosystem RAINFOREST LAND USES

3  World demand for timber is high  Farmers use slash and burn to create fields  Ranchers clear forest for grazing land CLEARING THE RAINFORESTS

4  Brazil’s population should reach 200 million by 2020  This creates need for new houses (timber) and more living space POPULATION PRESSURE

5 THE PRICE OF DESTRUCTION

6  Def: cutting down and clearing away of trees  Long term effects far outweigh the short term DEFORESTATION

7  Trees absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen  Deforestation leads to a build-up of CO2  This prevents heat from escaping the earth  This builds up the temperature  This is Global Warming ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS

8  50% of the world’s plant and animal species are in the rainforest  Plants are used to create new medicines PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN DANGER

9 MOVING TOWARD SOLUTIONS

10  Countries struggle with how to balance economic concerns with environmental ones  Move is to educate people as to the value of the rainforest A JUGGLING ACT

11  Debt-for-nature swap: debt reducing deal wherein an organization agrees to pay off a certain amount of government debt in return for government protection of a certain portion of rain forest FIGHTING ECONOMICS WITH ECONOMICS

12 SECTION 2: GIVING CITIZENS A VOICE

13  Rich and powerful ruled most countries during and immediately after Spanish rule (Oligarchy)  Limited free speech, censoring of the press, punish dissent  Junta: a govt run by generals after a military takeover THE LEGACY OF COLONIALISM

14  Caudillo: a military dictator or political boss  Got support from the military and wealthy  Ex: Juan Perón of Argentina, PRI of Mexico THE RULE OF THE CAUDILLO

15 ESTABLISHING STABLE DEMOCRACIES

16  Establish constitutional governments  Participation of citizens  Economic stability  Gender and racial equality GOALS OF REFORM

17  Def: process of breaking up large landholdings and giving portions of the land to land-poor peasant farmers LAND REFORM


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