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The Fred Korematsu Day of Civil Liberties and the Constitution www.korematsuinstitute.org Photo credits (left to right): Shirley Nakao, Asian Law Caucus,

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Presentation on theme: "The Fred Korematsu Day of Civil Liberties and the Constitution www.korematsuinstitute.org Photo credits (left to right): Shirley Nakao, Asian Law Caucus,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Fred Korematsu Day of Civil Liberties and the Constitution Photo credits (left to right): Shirley Nakao, Asian Law Caucus, William J. Clinton Presidential Library

2 December 7, 1941 “A day that will live in infamy”

3 Consequences of the Bombing of Pearl Harbor U.S. enters WWII and prepares to fight a two- front war Now that we are at war with Germany, Italy and Japan, how do we treat people from those countries? Are other factors involved?

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5 US Constitution 4 th and 14 th Amendments The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated.... All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

6 Executive Order 9066 Executive Order 9066 authorized the Secretary of War and U.S. armed forces commanders to declare areas of the United States as military areas "from which any or all persons may be excluded.”

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13 Photo Courtesy of Karen Korematsu and the Korematsu Institute

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15 Debriefing “Of Civil Wrongs and Rights” How might you have responded if you were imprisoned in an internment camp? How would you feel about your country? Karen Korematsu noted that her father did not share his story with her while she was growing up. Why do you think this was the case? Don Tamaki said that he didn’t want to lose Korematsu v. U.S. a second time. Why was this case so important for him?

16 The “So, What?” of History What does the story of the Fred Korematsu mean to you? What lessons can be learned from the incarceration of 120,000 innocent Japanese American people? How might we use this historical example to guide our actions in the future?


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