Presentation on theme: "Developments Affecting the Valuation Profession in Serbia and Proposed Transactions Database Presentation at The Association of Serbian Banks by Krzysztof."— Presentation transcript:
Developments Affecting the Valuation Profession in Serbia and Proposed Transactions Database Presentation at The Association of Serbian Banks by Krzysztof Grzesik FRICS REV Belgrade 26 th November 2013
The European Union Today’s New Influence on Valuation The financial crisis has shifted Power to the EU and made the EU regulator nervous about financial and real estate markets.
EU Directives Relevant Valuation (and mortgage lending) Capital Requirements Directive (including definitions of market value and mortgage lending value) Mortgage Credit Directive
Mortgage Credit Directive (2013) The most important and fundamental EU Law concerning real estate valuation in Europe to date Concerns only residental property but will have major repercussions in all other sectors A charter for reliable National Standards reflecting internationally recognised standards (IVS, EVS, RICS)
Mortgage Credit Directive (Cont’d) Article 14 a: Property Valuation 1)„Member states shall ensure that reliable property valuation standards for mortgage lending purposes are developed within their territory… Recital “In order to be considered reliable, valuation standards should take into account internationally recognised valuation standards, in particular those developed by the International Valuation Standards Committee, the European Group of Valuers’ Associations or the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors….”
Mortgage Credit Directive Cont’d 1a. Member states shall require that internal and external appraisers conducting property valuations are professionally competent and sufficiently independent from the credit underwriting process so that they can provide impartial and objective valuations which shall be documented in a durable medium and a record of it kept by the creditor
Internationally Recognised Valuation Standards International Valuation Standards 2011 - IVSC European Valuation Standards 2012 - TEGoVA Valuation - Professional Standards 2012 - RICS USPAP – Appraisal Foundation
Market Value Definition – The Common Thread “The estimated amount for which a property should exchange on the date of valuation between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm’s-length transaction after proper marketing wherein the parties have acted knowledgeably, prudently and without compulsion.”
Reliable Property Valuation Standards for Serbia? In light of Mortgage Credit Directive and Chapter 9 EU Negotiations it seems that main responsibility rests with the National Bank of Serbia, the Banking Community and the Serbian Valuation Profession Just Published NAVS –Consultation Document setting out proposed Valuation Standards for Serbia in line with International Valuation Standards and European Valuation Standards AAS – Valuation Standards for Serbia in line with International Valuation Standards and RICS Valuation Standards
Serbia EU membership? Serbia is now a top candidate for EU accession having applied in 2009. EU has opened door to negotiations on each of the 35 'chapters' that must all be closed before the Commission can recommend membership and Council and Parliament vote on it.
Serbia EU membership – 35 Chapters 1.Free movement of goods 2.Freedom of movement for workers 3.Right of establishment and freedom to provide services 4.Free movement of capital 5.Public procurement 6.Company law 7.Intellectual property law 8.Competition policy 9.Financial services 10.Information society and media 11.Agriculture and rural development 12.Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy 13.Fisheries 14.Transport policy 15.Energy 16.Taxation 17.Economic and monetary policy 18.Statistics 19.Social policy and employment 20.Enterprise and industrial policy 21.Trans-European networks 22.Regional policy and coordination of structural instruments 23.Judiciary and fundamental rights 24.Justice, freedom and security 25.Science and research 26.Education and culture 27.Environment 28.Consumer and health protection 29.Customs Union 30.External relations 31.Foreign, security and defence policy 32.Financial control 33.Financial and budgetary provisions 34.Institutions 35.Other issues The Mortgage Credit Directive falls under chapter 9 Financial Services.
A „professionally competent” Valuation Profession – Educational Requirements in Europe A university degree, post graduate diploma or professional qualification relevant to real estate valuation if it prepares the valuer to carry out valuation services on the basis of a multidisciplinary knowledge that should be based on the following core areas of knowledge: a)Principles of economic theory including those relating to the real estate market b)Valuation principles, practice and standards including statutory valuations c)Real estate finance, investment and statistical analysis d)Real estate, planning and environmental law e)Principles of constitutional, contract and civil law f)Taxation of revenue, g)Principles of accounting h)Land and property rights register i)Principles of building construction j)Professional ethics
Proposed Transactions Database for Valuers A joint venture between The National Bank of Serbia, The Association of Serbian Banks and Established Valuer Associations Self Financing To benefit all stakeholders in the interests of greater market transparency and improved valuation accuracy
Types of Database Residential Property Transactions – 1 st stage (to assist in valuations under Mortgage Credit Directive) Land Transactions – 2 nd Stage Commercial Property Transactions – 3 rd Stage
Database Template for Residential Transactions Location Address (street, no) Type: House, Flat/Apartment Plot specification (number) Type of ownership Number of floors of the building Construction (description) Position on floor Garage (yes/no) Area (m 2 ) Price Price per m 2 Date Purchaser (private individual/company) Seller (private individual/company/developer) Photographs, Google Map, Register Map and Zoning Plan
Database Template for Land Transactions Location Adress (street, no) Plot specification (number???) Type of ownership Zoning Price Price per m 2 Date Seller Buyer Photographs, Google Map, Register Map, Zoning Plan
Commercial (office/retail/warehouse) Transactions Type of the property Location Address (street, no) Plot specification (number) Type of ownership Planning/Zoning Yield Rentable area Construction (description) Floor Areas (m 2 ) Price Price per m 2 Date Seller Buyer Photographs, Google Map, Register Map and Zoning Plan
Who will source information for database Banks – Members of Association of Serbian Banks Valuer Associations – Executive Summary valuations? Market Analysis Secondary Source information gained by valuers Press Information, Internet, Publicly available market reports
What is required? A small expert team of property analysts and IT specialists employed by Association of Serbian Banks or a separate Joint Venture Company Overseen by an Advisory/Supervisory Board made up of representatives of all stakeholders
Residential Property Indices Establish representative “beacon properties” to be valued by appointed qualified experts throughout Serbia (or Valuer Associations) on a quarterly basis