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Letters from an American Farmer (1782) Michel St. John de Crevecoeur Kristen Icenhower.

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Presentation on theme: "Letters from an American Farmer (1782) Michel St. John de Crevecoeur Kristen Icenhower."— Presentation transcript:

1 Letters from an American Farmer (1782) Michel St. John de Crevecoeur Kristen Icenhower

2 Background Born:Michel- Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur Born:Michel- Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur Caen, Normandy Caen, Normandy Age 19 moved to England/engaged Age 19 moved to England/engaged 1755 enlisted in the Canadian militia 1755 enlisted in the Canadian militia surveyor/Indian trader in the New England colonies surveyor/Indian trader in the New England colonies 1769 married Mehetable Tippet 1769 married Mehetable Tippet Alias: J. Hector St. John Alias: J. Hector St. John bought land in Orange County, NY bought land in Orange County, NY Farm: Pine Hill Farm: Pine Hill Tory sympathizer Tory sympathizer While trying to leave New England he was captured as a British spy. While trying to leave New England he was captured as a British spy. Finally reached London in 1780 and remained in France until Finally reached London in 1780 and remained in France until 1783.

3 Cont. Background On return to America he learned that his farm had been burned in an Indian attack, his wife was killed and his children were living with strangers. On return to America he learned that his farm had been burned in an Indian attack, his wife was killed and his children were living with strangers. Made honorary citizen of many American cities for his diplomacy, and St. Johnsbury, Vermont was named in his honor. Made honorary citizen of many American cities for his diplomacy, and St. Johnsbury, Vermont was named in his honor Returned to France for good and lived in Paris 1785 Returned to France for good and lived in Paris 1793 retired to Normandy 1793 retired to Normandy

4 What is an American? 12 Letters 12 Letters Wrote letters while living in Pine Hill Wrote letters while living in Pine Hill Sold letters to a Bookseller in London Sold letters to a Bookseller in London First appeared in 1782 First appeared in 1782 Ubi panis ibi patria?? Motto of emigrants (The land I work is my country.) Ubi panis ibi patria?? Motto of emigrants (The land I work is my country.)

5 Discussion of Text “The American ought therefore to love this country much better than that wherein either he or his forefathers were born.” What is he saying? “The American ought therefore to love this country much better than that wherein either he or his forefathers were born.” What is he saying? Why does he not support the American Revolution? Why does he not support the American Revolution? Was religion as open as he would have his readers to believe? Was religion as open as he would have his readers to believe?

6 Historical Significance Historically the document is taken from a fictional essay. “James”, the character of the book, is fictional. Creveceour wrote many great things about this nation and in that, literary Americans and politicians draw from its romanticism and optimism that plays in all of our minds of how we (Americans) view our country. Historically the document is taken from a fictional essay. “James”, the character of the book, is fictional. Creveceour wrote many great things about this nation and in that, literary Americans and politicians draw from its romanticism and optimism that plays in all of our minds of how we (Americans) view our country.


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